1849 events in history

Jan 22 Second Anglo-Sikh War: The Siege of Multan ends after nine months when the last Sikh defenders of Multan, Punjab, surrender
Jan 23 Elizabeth Blackwell is awarded her M.D. by the Geneva Medical College of Geneva, New York, becoming the United States' first female doctor
Jan 31 Corn Laws are abolished in the United Kingdom pursuant to legislation in 1846
Feb 5 University of Wisconsin-Madison's first class meets at Madison Female Academy
Feb 9 New Roman Republic established
Feb 13 The delegation headed by Metropolitan bishop Andrei Şaguna hands out to the Emperor Franz Joseph I of Austria the General Petition of Romanian leaders in Transylvania, Banat and Bukovina, which demands that the Romanian nation be recognized
Feb 14 In New York City, James Knox Polk becomes the first serving President of the United States to have his photograph taken
Feb 28 Regular steamboat service from the west to the east coast of the United States begins with the arrival of the SS California in San Francisco Bay, 4 months 22 days after leaving New York Harbor
Mar 22 The Austrians defeat the Piedmontese at the Battle of Novara
Mar 29 The United Kingdom annexes the Punjab
Apr 13 Hungary becomes a republic
Apr 14 Hungary declares itself independent of Austria with Lajos Kossuth as its leader
Apr 25 The Governor General of Canada, Lord Elgin, signs the Rebellion Losses Bill, outraging Montreal's English population and triggering the Montreal Riots
May 3 The May Uprising in Dresden begins – the last of the German revolutions of 1848
May 10 Astor Place Riot: A riot breaks out at the Astor Opera House in Manhattan, New York City over a dispute between actors Edwin Forrest and William Charles Macready, killing at least 25 and injuring over 120
May 15 Troops of the Two Sicilies take Palermo and crush the republican government of Sicily
May 17 A large fire nearly burns St. Louis, Missouri to the ground
May 22 Future U.S. President Abraham Lincoln is issued a patent for an invention to lift boats over obstacles in a river, making him the only U.S. President to ever hold a patent
May 27 The Great Hall of Euston station in London is opened
Jun 5 Denmark becomes a constitutional monarchy by the signing of a new constitution
Jul 3 The French enter Rome in order to restore Pope Pius IX to power. This would prove a major obstacle to Italian unification
Jul 16 Antonio María Claret y Clará founded the Congregation of the Missionary Sons of the Immaculate Heart of Mary, popularly known as the Claretians in Vic, in the province of Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain
Aug 22 The first air raid in history. Austria launches pilotless balloons against the city of Venice
Aug 28 After a month-long siege, Venice, which had declared itself independent as the Republic of San Marco, surrenders to Austria
Sep 17 American abolitionist Harriet Tubman escapes from slavery
Oct 3 American author Edgar Allan Poe is found delirious in a gutter in Baltimore under mysterious circumstances; it is the last time he is seen in public before his death
Oct 6 The execution of the 13 Martyrs of Arad after the Hungarian war of independence
Nov 16 A Russian court sentences writer Fyodor Dostoyevsky to death for anti-government activities linked to a radical intellectual group; his sentence is later commuted to hard labor