Died in 1850

Jan 1 Princess Frederica Wilhelmina of Prussia a daughter of Prince Louis Charles of Prussia and Frederica of Mecklenburg-Strelitz. She was a member of the House of Hohenzollern. By her marriage to Leopold IV, Duke of Anhalt-Dessau, she would become Duchess consort of Anhalt-Dessau
Jan 3 Giuseppina Grassini a noted Italian contralto, and a singing teacher. She was also a lover of both Napoleon and the Duke of Wellington
Jan 17 Elizabeth Simcoe an artist and diarist in colonial Canada. She was the wife of John Graves Simcoe, the first Lieutenant Governor of Upper Canada
Jan 20 Lorenzo Bartolini an Italian sculptor who infused his neoclassicism with a strain of sentimental piety and naturalistic detail, while he drew inspiration from the sculpture of the Florentine Renaissance rather than the overpowering influence of Antonio Canova that circumscribed his Florentine contemporaries.
Jan 20 Philip Pendleton Cooke an American lawyer and minor poet from Virginia. He was the brother of John Esten Cooke
Jan 20 Adam Oehlenschläger a Danish poet and playwright. He introduced romanticism into Danish literature
Jan 22 Vincent Pallotti an Italian ecclesiastic, born in Rome, and a saint. He was the founder of the Society of the Catholic Apostolate later to be known as Pious Society of Missions. The original name was restored in 1947. He is buried in the church of San Salvatore in Onda. He is considered the forerunner of Catholic Action
Jan 22 William Joseph Chaminade a French Catholic priest who survived persecution during the French Revolution and later founded the Society of Mary, usually called the Marianists, in 1817. He was beatified by Pope John Paul II on September 3, 2000, his feast day is celebrated on January 22
Jan 25 Dmitri Bantysh-Kamensky a Russian statesman and historian. He served as Governor of Tobolsk Province and then Governor of Vilna Province
Jan 27 Johann Gottfried Schadow a German sculptor.
Feb 1 Edward Baker Lincoln the second son of Abraham Lincoln and Mary Todd Lincoln. He was named after Lincoln's friend Edward Dickinson Baker. Both his mother and father spelled his name "Eddy"; the National Park Service uses "Eddie", which is on his gravestone
Feb 11 Charles-Marie de Féletz a French churchman, journalist and literary critic.
Feb 20 Valentín Canalizo a Mexican President, state governor, city mayor, army general, defense minister and conservative politician. He is as yet the only Mexican President from the city of Monterrey. He was a supporter of a centralist national government, and a confidante of President of Mexico General Antonio López de Santa Anna. Canalizo was President of Mexico two times, for a total of about one year in 1843 and 1844, during the complex Mexican historical times after the one decade-long Mexican War of Independence and before the Mexican-American War. Valentín Canalizo had previously been the Mayor of Mexico City, after being Governor of Puebla state, and years before, Mayor of the city of Cuernavaca
Feb 23 William Allan (painter) a distinguished Scottish historical painter known for his scenes of Russian life. He became president of the Royal Scottish Academy and was made a Royal Academician
Feb 25 Daoguang Emperor the eighth emperor of the Manchu Qing dynasty and the sixth Qing emperor to rule over China, from 1820 to 1850. His reign was marked by "external disaster and internal rebellion," that is, by the First Opium War, and the beginning of the Taiping Rebellion which nearly brought down the dynasty. The historian Jonathan Spence characterizes Daoguang as a “well meaning but ineffective man," who promoted officials who "presented a purist view even if they had nothing to say about the domestic and foreign problems surrounding the dynasty."
Mar 3 Oliver Cowdery P. Cowdery was, with Joseph Smith, an important participant in the formative period of the Latter Day Saint movement between 1829 and 1836. He became one of the Three Witnesses of the Book of Mormon's golden plates, one of the first Latter Day Saint apostles, and the Second Elder of the church
Mar 6 Jean-Baptiste Girard (pedagogue) a Swiss Franciscan educator.
Mar 6 Pierre-Marie-Charles de Bernard du Grail de la Villette a French writer.
Mar 13 Juan Martín de Pueyrredón an Argentine general and politician of the early 19th century. He was appointed Supreme Director of the United Provinces of the Río de la Plata after the Argentine Declaration of Independence
Mar 13 Owen Stanley a British Royal Navy officer and surveyor.
Mar 19 Wilhelm von Dörnberg a German general. He was also known as 'Aufstandsdörnberg' or 'Uprising Dörnberg', for his part in the German campaign of the Napoleonic Wars. He also fought as a brigade commander at Quatre Bras and Waterloo
Mar 22 Carl Sigismund Kunth a German botanist. He is known for being one of the first to study and categorise plants from the American continents, publishing Nova genera et species plantarum quas in peregrinatione ad plagam aequinoctialem orbis novi collegerunt Bonpland et Humboldt
Mar 25 Francesco Basili an Italian composer and conductor. He was born in Loreto and died in Rome
Mar 26 Samuel Turell Armstrong a U.S. political figure. Born in 1784 in Dorchester, Massachusetts, he was a printer and bookseller in Boston, specializing in religious materials. Among his works were an early stereotype edition of Scott's Family Bible, which was very popular, and The Panoplist, a religious magazine devoted to missionary interests
Mar 27 Wilhelm Beer a banker and astronomer from Berlin, Prussia, and the half-brother of Giacomo Meyerbeer.
Mar 28 Gerard Brandon an American political leader who twice served as Governor of Mississippi during its early years of statehood.
Mar 30 Mariam Tsitsishvili the Queen of Georgia as the second wife and consort of the last King George XII of Georgia.
Mar 31 John C. Calhoun a leading American politician and political theorist during the first half of the 19th century. Hailing from South Carolina, Calhoun began his political career as a nationalist, modernizer, and proponent of a strong national government and protective tariffs. After 1830, his views evolved and he became a greater proponent of states' rights, limited government, nullification and free trade; as he saw these means as the only way to preserve the Union. He is best known for his intense and original defense of slavery as something positive, his distrust of majoritarianism, and for pointing the South toward secession from the Union
Apr 3 Václav Tomášek a Czech composer and music teacher.
Apr 7 William Lisle Bowles an English priest, poet and critic.
Apr 9 William Prout an English chemist, physician, and natural theologian. He is remembered today mainly for what is called Prout's hypothesis
Apr 12 Adoniram Judson an American Congregationalist and later Baptist missionary, who served in Burma for almost forty years. At the age of 25, Adoniram Judson became the first Protestant missionary sent from North America to preach in Burma. His mission and work with Luther Rice led to the formation of the first Baptist association in America to support missionaries
Apr 16 Marie Tussaud a French born artist of German descent, who became known for her wax sculptures and Madame Tussauds, the wax museum that she founded in London.
Apr 18 Gustav Ernst von Stackelberg a Russian diplomat of Baltic-German descent, and was the son of Otto Magnus von Stackelberg.
Apr 22 Friedrich Robert Faehlmann an Estonian writer, physician and philologist active in Livonia, Russian Empire. He was a co-founder of the Learned Estonian Society at the University of Dorpat and its chairman
Apr 23 William Wordsworth a major English Romantic poet who, with Samuel Taylor Coleridge, helped to launch the Romantic Age in English literature with their joint publication Lyrical Ballads.
Apr 25 Karl Ernst Wilhelm von Canitz und Dallwitz a Prussian general and statesman.
May 1 Henri Marie Ducrotay de Blainville a French zoologist and anatomist.
May 2 Joseph Plumb Martin a soldier in the Continental Army during the American Revolutionary War, holding the rank of private for most of the war. His published narrative of his experiences, re-discovered in the 1950s, has become a valuable resource for historians in understanding the conditions of a common soldier of that era, as well as the battles in which Martin participated
May 9 Garlieb Merkel a Baltic German writer and activist and an early Estophile and Lettophile.
May 9 Joseph Louis Gay-Lussac a French chemist and physicist. He is known mostly for two laws related to gases, and for his work on alcohol-water mixtures, which led to the degrees Gay-Lussac used to measure alcoholic beverages in many countries
May 12 Frances Sargent Osgood an American poet and one of the most popular women writers during her time. Nicknamed "Fanny," she was also famous for her exchange of romantic poems with Edgar Allan Poe
May 21 Christoph Friedrich von Ammon a German theological writer and preacher. He was born at Bayreuth, Bavaria and died at Dresden
May 24 Michał Gedeon Radziwiłł a Polish-Lithuanian szlachcic, senator, owner of the Nieborów and others properties.
May 25 Lykourgos Logothetis a Samian who became the island's leader during the Greek War of Independence.
May 31 Giuseppe Giusti an Italian poet and satirist.
Jun 4 Prince Maurice of the Netherlands the second son of King William III of the Netherlands and his first spouse, Sophie of Württemberg.
Jun 13 Dionisio de Herrera a Liberal Honduran politician, head of state of Honduras from 1824 to 1827 and head of state of Nicaragua from 1830 to 1833. During his terms, Honduras and Nicaragua were states within the Federal Republic of Central America. Herrera was an uncle of the Liberal Central American general Francisco Morazán
Jun 16 William Lawson (explorer) a pastoralist and explorer of New South Wales, Australia who co-discovered a passage inland through the Blue Mountains from Sydney.
Jul 2 Robert Peel a British Conservative statesman, who twice served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 10 December 1834 to 8 April 1835, and again from 30 August 1841 to 29 June 1846. The son of a wealthy textile manufacturer, he served in many top offices over four decades. While serving as Home Secretary, Peel reformed and liberalised the criminal law, and created the modern police force, leading to a new type of officer known in tribute to him as "bobbies" and "peelers". He cut tariffs to stimulate business; to replace the lost revenue he pushed through a 3% income tax. He played a central role in making Free Trade a reality and set up a modern banking system. Initially a supporter of legal discrimination against Catholics, Peel eventually supported the Roman Catholic Relief Act 1829, claiming "though emancipation was a great danger, civil strife was a greater danger". Peel has been criticised for his handling of the Irish famine. In 1834, Peel issued the Tamworth Manifesto, laying down the principles upon which the modern British Conservative Party is based. Peel often started from a traditional Tory position in opposition to a measure, then reversed himself and became the leader in supporting liberal legislation. This happened with the Test Act , Catholic Emancipation , the Reform Act of 1832, the income tax and most notably the repeal of the Corn Laws. Therefore many critics said he was a traitor to the Tory cause, or "a Liberal wolf in sheep's clothing" because his final position reflected liberal ideas. Historian A.J.P. Taylor says: