1852 in history

1852 events chronologically

Jan 17 The United Kingdom recognizes the independence of the Boer colonies of the Transvaal
Feb 3 Justo José de Urquiza defeats Juan Manuel de Rosas at the Battle of Caseros
Feb 5 The Hermitage Museum in Saint Petersburg, Russia, one of the largest and oldest museums in the world, opens to the public
Feb 14 Great Ormond St Hospital for Sick Children, the first hospital in England to provide in-patient beds specifically for children (The National Children's Hospital in Dublin was founded over 30 years previously in 1821), is founded in London
Feb 16 Studebaker Brothers wagon company, precursor of the automobile manufacturer, is established
Mar 1 Archibald William Montgomerie, 13th Earl of Eglinton is appointed Lord Lieutenant of Ireland
Mar 20 Harriet Beecher Stowe's Uncle Tom's Cabin is published

Top 7 most famous people born in 1852

Feb 13 Ion Luca Caragiale a great Romanian playwright, short story writer, poet, theater manager, political commentator and journalist. He is considered one of the greatest Romanian playwrights and writers, a leading representative of local humor, and a main representative of Junimea, an influential literary society with which he parted during the second half of his life
Jun 25 Antoni Gaudí a Spanish Catalan architect from Reus and the best known practitioner of Catalan Modernism. Gaudí's works reflect an individualized and distinctive style. Most are located in Barcelona, including his magnum opus, the Sagrada Família
Sep 12 H. H. Asquith Herbert Henry Asquith, 1st Earl of Oxford and Asquith, KG, KC, PC , served as the Liberal Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1908 to 1916. Until 5 January 1988, he had been the longest continuously serving Prime Minister in the 20th century
Sep 28 John French 1st Earl of Ypres an Anglo-Irish officer in the British Army. He distinguished himself commanding the Cavalry Division during the Second Boer War, became Chief of the Imperial General Staff in 1912 but resigned over the Curragh incident and then served as the first Commander-in-Chief of the British Expeditionary Force for the first two years of World War I before serving as Commander-in-Chief, Home Forces, then becoming Lord Lieutenant of Ireland in 1918, a position which he held throughout much of the Irish War of Independence
Nov 3 Emperor Meiji the 122nd Emperor of Japan according to the traditional order of succession, reigning from February 3, 1867 until his death on July 30, 1912. He presided over a time of rapid change in the Empire of Japan, as the nation quickly changed from a feudal state to a capitalist and imperial world power, characterized by Japan's industrial revolution
Dec 15 Henri Becquerel a French physicist, Nobel laureate, and the discoverer of radioactivity along with Marie Skłodowska-Curie and Pierre Curie, for which all three won the 1903 Nobel Prize in Physics. The SI unit for radioactivity, the becquerel , is named after him
Dec 19 Albert A. Michelson an American physicist known for his work on the measurement of the speed of light and especially for the Michelson–Morley experiment. In 1907 he received the Nobel Prize in Physics. He became the first American to receive the Nobel Prize in sciences

Top 7 most famous people died in 1852

Jan 6 Louis Braille a French educator and inventor of a system of reading and writing for use by the blind or visually impaired. His system remains known worldwide simply as braille
Feb 25 Thomas Moore an Irish poet, singer, songwriter, and entertainer, now best remembered for the lyrics of The Minstrel Boy and The Last Rose of Summer. He was responsible, with John Murray, for burning Lord Byron's memoirs after his death. In his lifetime he was often referred to as Anacreon Moore
Mar 4 Nikolai Gogol a Ukrainian Russian-language dramatist, novelist and short story writer.
Jun 29 Henry Clay an American lawyer, politician, and skilled orator who represented Kentucky in both the United States Senate and House of Representatives. He served three different terms as Speaker of the House of Representatives and was also Secretary of State from 1825 to 1829. He lost his campaigns for president in 1824, 1832 and 1844
Sep 14 Arthur Wellesley 1st Duke of Wellington a British soldier and statesman, a native of Ireland from the Anglo-Irish Ascendancy, and one of the leading military and political figures of the 19th century. His importance in national history is such that he is often referred to as "the Duke of Wellington" instead of "the 1st Duke of Wellington"
Oct 24 Daniel Webster a leading American senator and statesman during the era of the Second Party System. He was the outstanding spokesman for American nationalism with powerful oratory that made him a key Whig leader. He spoke for conservatives, and led the opposition to Democrat Andrew Jackson and his Democratic Party. He was a spokesman for modernization, banking, and industry, but not for the common people who composed the base of his opponents in Jacksonian Democracy. "He was a thoroughgoing elitist, and he reveled in it," says biographer Robert Remini. During his 40 years in national politics, Webster served in the House of Representatives for 10 years , in the Senate for 19 years , and was appointed the United States Secretary of State under three presidents
Nov 27 Ada Lovelace an English mathematician and writer chiefly known for her work on Charles Babbage's early mechanical general-purpose computer, the Analytical Engine. Her notes on the engine include what is recognised as the first algorithm intended to be carried out by a machine. Because of this, she is often described as the world's first computer programmer