Born in 1852

Jan 1 Eugène-Anatole Demarçay a French chemist. He studied under Jean-Baptiste Dumas. During an experiment, an explosion destroyed the sight in one of his eyes
Jan 3 Charles Wagner a French reformed pastor whose inspirational writings were influential in shaping the reformed theology of his time.
Jan 4 Mite Kremnitz a German writer.
Jan 7 Pascal Dagnan-Bouveret one of the leading French artists of the naturalist school.
Jan 8 James Milton Carroll an American Baptist pastor, leader, historian, author, and educator.
Jan 10 Friedrich Lange (journalist) a German journalist and political activist with the Völkisch movement. Seeking to move beyond existing romantic nationalism, Lange sought to build a wider nationalist ideology on the German political right by marrying anti-Semitism to other economic and social issues. He would prove an influential figure for groups that followed
Jan 11 Constantin Fehrenbach a German Catholic politician who was one of the major leaders of the Centre Party or Zentrum. He served as President of the Reichstag in 1918, and then as President of the Weimar National Assembly from 1919 to 1920. In June 1920, Fehrenbach became Chancellor of Germany. He resigned in May 1921 over the issue of war reparation payments to the Allies. Fehrenbach headed the Center Party's Reichstag fraction from 1923 until his death in 1926
Jan 12 Joseph Joffre Marshal Joseph Jacques Césaire Joffre, G.C.B., O.M. was a French general during World War He is most known for regrouping the retreating allied armies to defeat the Germans at the strategically decisive First Battle of the Marne in 1914. His popularity led to his nickname Papa Joffre
Jan 13 Vasily Danilewsky a Ukrainian-born Russian physician, physiologist and parasitologist. He was professor of physiology at University of Kharkiv and then at Kharkiv Medical Institute. He helped to establish the Danilevsky Institute of Endocrine Pathology Problems which he directed until his death
Jan 17 Herman Schalow a German ornithologist.
Jan 22 Joshua W. Alexander United States Secretary of Commerce from December 16, 1919 - March 4, 1921 in the administration of President Woodrow Wilson.
Jan 26 Frederick Corder an English composer and music teacher.
Jan 26 Pierre Savorgnan de Brazza an Italian explorer, born in the Papal States and later naturalized as a Frenchman. With the backing of the Société de Géographie de Paris, he opened up for France entry along the right bank of the Congo that eventually led to French colonies in Central Africa. His easy manner and great physical charm, as well as his pacific approach among Africans, were his trademarks. Under French colonial rule, the capital of the Republic of the Congo was named Brazzaville after him and the name was retained by the post-colonial rulers
Jan 27 Friedrich von Georgi a General of the Austro-Hungarian Imperial Army.
Jan 27 Fulgence Bienvenüe a noted French civil engineer, best known for his role in the construction of the Paris Métro, and has been called "Le Père du Métro".:162.
Jan 29 Frederic Hymen Cowen a British pianist, conductor and composer.
Jan 29 Georges Eugène Charles Beauvisage a French botanist and politician.
Jan 31 Alexander Bethune the 12th Mayor of Vancouver, British Columbia, serving from 1907 to 1908. He had previously served seven years as alderman
Feb 2 José Guadalupe Posada a Mexican political printmaker and engraver whose work has influenced many Latin American artists and cartoonists because of its satirical acuteness and social engagement.
Feb 3 Juho Lallukka a Finnish businessman, commercial counsellor, and a patron of the arts.
Feb 5 Terauchi Masatake a Japanese military officer, proconsul and politician. He was a Gensui in the Imperial Japanese Army and the 9th Prime Minister of Japan from 9 October 1916 to 29 September 1918
Feb 6 C. Lloyd Morgan a British ethologist and psychologist. He is best remembered for the experimental approach to animal psychology now known as Morgan's canon, a specialised form of Occam's razor which played a role in behaviourism, insisting that higher mental faculties should only be considered as explanations if lower faculties could not explain a behaviour
Feb 6 Vasily Safonov a Russian pianist, teacher, conductor and composer.
Feb 7 Niko Lomouri a Georgian writer and educator.
Feb 8 Julius Neubronner a German apothecary, inventor, company founder, and a pioneer of amateur photography and film. He was part of a dynasty of apothecaries in Kronberg im Taunus. Neubronner was court apothecary to Kaiserin Friedrich, invented the pigeon photographer method for aerial photography, was one of the first film amateurs in Germany, and founded a factory for adhesive tapes. After his death, the company was directed for 70 years by his son Carl Neubronner
Feb 10 Rainiharo from 1833 to 1852 prime minister of the Kingdom of Imerina in the central highlands of Madagascar.
Feb 12 Gaston Méliès a French film director who worked primarily in the United States. He was the brother of the famous film director Georges Méliès
Feb 13 Ion Luca Caragiale a great Romanian playwright, short story writer, poet, theater manager, political commentator and journalist. He is considered one of the greatest Romanian playwrights and writers, a leading representative of local humor, and a main representative of Junimea, an influential literary society with which he parted during the second half of his life
Feb 13 John Louis Emil Dreyer a Danish-Irish astronomer.
Feb 15 Princess Marie of Battenberg a Princess of Battenberg and, by marriage, The Princess of Erbach-Schönberg. She worked as a writer and translator
Feb 16 Charles Taze Russell now known as the Bible Student movement, from which Jehovah's Witnesses and numerous independent Bible Student groups emerged after his death.
Feb 16 Théodore Ralli a Greek painter, watercolourist and draughtsman, who spent most of his working life in Paris, France and in Egypt.
Feb 20 Nikolai Garin-Mikhailovsky a Russian writer and essayist, locating engineer and railroad constructor.
Feb 22 Adolf Gaston Eugen Fick a German ophthalmologist who invented the contact lens. He was the nephew of the German physiologist Adolf Eugen Fick, and the son of the German anatomy professor Franz Ludwig Fick
Feb 24 George Moore (novelist) an Irish novelist, short-story writer, poet, art critic, memoirist and dramatist. Moore came from a Roman Catholic landed family who lived at Moore Hall in Carra, County Mayo. He originally wanted to be a painter, and studied art in Paris during the 1870s. There, he befriended many of the leading French artists and writers of the day
Feb 25 Piet Verhaert a Belgian painter. He was a member of Les XX
Feb 26 John Harvey Kellogg an American medical doctor in Battle Creek, Michigan, who ran a sanitarium using holistic methods, with a particular focus on nutrition, enemas and exercise. Kellogg was an advocate of vegetarianism and is best known for the invention of the breakfast cereal known as corn flakes with his brother, Will Keith Kellogg
Feb 27 John McLane a furniture maker and politician from Milford, New Hampshire. He was Governor of New Hampshire from 1905 to 1907
Feb 27 Mitrofan Lodyzhensky a Russian religious philosopher, playwright, and statesman, best known for his Mystical Trilogy comprising Super-consciousness and the Ways to Achieve It, Light Invisible, and Dark Force.
Feb 29 Frank Gavan Duffy the fourth Chief Justice of the High Court of Australia, sitting on the bench of the High Court from 1913 to 1935.
Feb 29 George Maximilianovich 6th Duke of Leuchtenberg the youngest son of Maximilian de Beauharnais, 3rd Duke of Leuchtenberg and his wife Grand Duchess Maria Nikolaevna of Russia.
Mar 1 Théophile Delcassé a French statesman.
Mar 4 Kristján Jónsson Minister for Iceland from 14 March 1911 to 24 July 1912. He was member of Althingi 1893 to 1905 and from 1908 to 1913
Mar 6 Joseph Deniker a French naturalist and anthropologist, known primarily for his attempts to develop highly detailed maps of race in Europe.
Mar 8 Takamura Kōun a Japanese sculptor.
Mar 9 Hieronim Derdowski born to Kashubian parents in the Pomeranian village of Wiele. By the time Derdowski emigrated to the United States in 1885, he had already studied for the Roman Catholic priesthood, been repeatedly incarcerated by the German authorities, and edited a newspaper in the city of Torun. At the time, however, Derdowski was better known as a poet. Within two years of reaching the United States he became editor of the Winona, Minnesota Polish-language newspaper Wiarus. In this role he gained a reputation as a strong voice for the Polish-American community, also known as Polonia
Mar 10 Léon Moreaux a French sports shooter and Olympian who competed in pistol and rifle shooting in the late 19th century and early 20th century.
Mar 12 Richard Altmann a German pathologist and histologist from Deutsch Eylau in the Province of Prussia.
Mar 13 Oscar Blumenthal a German playwright and drama critic.
Mar 14 Albert Nikolayevitch Benois a talented Russian water-colorist. The Benois family produced many talented artists over several generations. Albert was the elder son of architect Nicholas Benois, brother of artist and theatrical designer Alexandre Benois, uncle of the painter Zinaida Serebriakova, and great-uncle of Sir Peter Ustinov. Albert's daughter Maria married the Russian composer, pianist and conductor, Nikolay Tcherepnin. Their son Alexander Tcherepnin was also a composer and pianist of note. His son Nikolai was married to the opera singer Maria Kuznetsova