Died in 1852

Jan 1 John George Children a British chemist, mineralogist and zoologist.
Jan 6 Louis Braille a French educator and inventor of a system of reading and writing for use by the blind or visually impaired. His system remains known worldwide simply as braille
Jan 10 Amir Kabir Taghi Khan Farahani known as Amir Kabir , also known by the titles of Atabak and Amir-e Nezam; chief minister to Naser al-Din Shah Qajar for the first three years of his reign and one of the most capable and innovative figures to appear in the whole Qajar period. Amir Kabir served as Prime Minister of Persia under Naser al-Din Shah. Born in Hazaveh and put to death in 1852, he is a controversial historical figure. He is considered by some to be "widely respected by liberal nationalist Iranians" as "Iran's first reformer", a modernizer who was "unjustly struck down" attempted to bring "gradual reform" to Iran. As prime-minister he also ordered the killing of many Babis, and ordering the execution of the founder of the movement, the Báb
Jan 20 Ōnomatsu Midorinosuke a sumo wrestler from Ishikawa Prefecture, Japan. He was the sport's 6th yokozuna. He trained ōzeki Tsurugizan Taniemon
Jan 24 Ján Kollár a Slovak writer , archaeologist, scientist, politician, and main ideologist of Pan-Slavism.
Jan 25 Fabian Gottlieb von Bellingshausen a Baltic German officer in the Imperial Russian Navy, cartographer and explorer, who ultimately rose to the rank of Admiral. He was a notable participant of the first Russian circumnavigation and subsequently a leader of another circumnavigation expedition, which discovered the continent of Antarctica
Feb 17 Micah Joseph Lebensohn Litvak poet in Hebrew.
Feb 20 Antonio Francesco Orioli a cardinal of the Catholic Church.
Feb 25 Thomas Moore an Irish poet, singer, songwriter, and entertainer, now best remembered for the lyrics of The Minstrel Boy and The Last Rose of Summer. He was responsible, with John Murray, for burning Lord Byron's memoirs after his death. In his lifetime he was often referred to as Anacreon Moore
Mar 4 Nikolai Gogol a Ukrainian Russian-language dramatist, novelist and short story writer.
Mar 8 August Cappelen a Norwegian painter. Cappelen was best known for his melancholic, dramatic and romantic landscape compositions
Mar 14 Fleury François Richard a painter of the École de Lyon. A student of Jacques-Louis David, Fleury-Richard and his friend Pierre Révoil were precursors of the Troubador style
Mar 18 Ernst Raupach a German dramatist.
Mar 18 Friedrich Wilhelm Carové a German philosopher and publicist.
Mar 22 Marie of Hesse-Kassel queen consort of Denmark and Norway. She also served as regent of Denmark in 1814–1815
Mar 22 Auguste de Marmont a French general and nobleman who rose to the rank of Marshal of France and was awarded the title Duc de Raguse. He is best known for deserting Napoleon in 1814
Mar 23 Carlo Amati an Italian architect.
Mar 24 Gavriil Ignatyev an Imperial Russian Army general of the artillery who led the defence of the Babruysk fortress and the city of Babruysk from Napoleon's forces in 1812.
Mar 30 Prince Parnaoz of Georgia a Georgian prince of the Bagrationi dynasty, the 14th son of Heraclius II, the penultimate king of Kartli and Kakheti, by his third marriage to Queen Darejan Dadiani. Parnaoz tried to challenge the recently established Imperial Russian rule in Georgia and in 1804 headed an unsuccessful insurrection of the Georgian mountaineers in the course of which he was arrested and deported to Russia. Afterwards, he spent most of his life in Petersburg, becoming the first Georgian translator of the 18th-century French philosopher Jean-Jacques Rousseau
Mar 30 Étienne Fiacre Louis Raoul a French naval surgeon and naturalist.
Apr 4 Princess Ida of Saxe-Meiningen a German princess. She was the second child and first daughter of George I, Duke of Saxe-Meiningen and Luise Eleonore of Hohenlohe-Langenburg. Her sister Adelaide was the wife of the future William IV of the United Kingdom and Ida herself was one of the godparents of Prince Arthur, Duke of Connaught and Strathearn
Apr 5 Prince Felix of Schwarzenberg a Bohemian nobleman and an Austrian statesman who restored the Habsburg Empire as a European great power following the Revolutions of 1848. He served as Minister-President of the Austrian Empire and Foreign Minister of the Austrian Empire from 1848 to 1852
Apr 16 Prince Paul of Württemberg the fourth child and second son of King Frederick I and his wife, Duchess Augusta of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel.
Apr 17 Étienne Maurice Gérard a French general and statesman. He served under a succession of French governments including the ancien regime monarchy, the Revolutionary governments, the Restorations, the July Monarchy, the First and Second Republics, and the First Empire , becoming Prime Minister briefly in 1834
Apr 21 Ivan Nabokov a Russian Adjutant general and general of infantry prominent during the Napoleonic wars.
Apr 24 Vasily Zhukovsky the foremost Russian poet of the 1810s and a leading figure in Russian literature in the first half of the 19th century. He held a high position at the Romanov court as tutor to the Grand Duchess Alexandra Feodorovna and later to her son, the future Tsar-Liberator Alexander II
Apr 24 Leopold Grand Duke of Baden I, Grand Duke of Baden succeeded in 1830 as the fourth Grand Duke of Baden.
Apr 24 Christian Heinrich Pfaff a German physician, chemist and physicist.
Apr 28 Joakim Frederik Schouw a Danish lawyer, botanist and politician. From 1821, professor in botany at the University of Copenhagen — first extraordinary professor, but after the death of J.W. Hornemann in 1841 ordinary. His main scientific field was the new discipline of phytogeography
May 1 Jean-Louis Bonnard a French Roman Catholic missionary to Vietnam, one of the Martyrs of Vietnam, canonized in 1988.
May 3 Sara Coleridge an English author and translator. She was the third child and only daughter of Samuel Taylor Coleridge and his wife Sarah Fricker
May 7 Matthias Castrén a Finnish ethnologist and philologist.
May 15 Louisa Adams First Lady of the United States from 1825 to 1829. She is the only First Lady born outside of the United States
May 15 Joseph Hermann Schmidt professor of Obstetrics in Berlin, and official of the Prussian cultural ministry.
May 21 Carl Franz Anton Ritter von Schreibers an Austrian naturalist who was a native of Pressburg, Hungary, Habsburg Empire.
May 28 Eugène Burnouf an eminent French scholar and orientalist who made significant contributions to the deciphering of Old Persian cuneiform.
May 30 George Chinnery an English painter who spent most of his life in Asia, especially India and southern China.
Jun 4 James Pradier a Swiss-born French sculptor best known for his work in the neoclassical style.
Jun 6 Placido Mandanici an Italian composer. He is best known for his operas. He graduated from the Music Lyceum in Palermo , and then studied at Naples with Pietro Raimondi. In 1829 his first opera, L'isola disabitata, premiered in Naples
Jun 9 Grigory Langsdorff a German-Russian naturalist and explorer, as well as a Russian diplomat, better known by his Russian first name, Grigori Ivanovitch. He was a member and correspondent of the Russian Imperial Academy of Sciences and a respected physician, graduated in medicine and natural history at the University of Göttingen, Germany
Jun 11 Karl Bryullov a Russian painter. He is regarded as a key figure in transition from the Russian neoclassicism to romanticism
Jun 12 Xavier de Maistre known as a French writer. The younger brother of noted philosopher and counter-revolutionary Joseph de Maistre, Xavier was born to an aristocratic family at Chambéry in October 1763. He served when young in the army of Piedmont-Sardinia, and in 1790 wrote his fantasy, Voyage autour de ma chambre , when he was under arrest in Turin as the consequence of a duel
Jun 21 Friedrich Fröbel a German pedagogue, a student of Pestalozzi who laid the foundation for modern education based on the recognition that children have unique needs and capabilities. He created the concept of the “kindergarten” and also coined the word now used in German and English. He also developed the educational toys known as Froebel Gifts
Jun 21 Franz von Gruithuisen a Bavarian physician and astronomer. He taught medical students before becoming a professor of astronomy at the University of Munich in 1826
Jun 21 Mary Anne Clarke the mistress of Prince Frederick, Duke of York and Albany. Their relationship began in 1803, while he was Commander-in-Chief of the army. Later in 1809, she wrote her memoirs which were published. She was the subject of a portrait by Adam Buck, and a caricature by Isaac Cruikshank; ten days after the latter's publication, the Duke resigned from his post as Commander of the British Army. In 1811, she commissioned Irish-born sculptor Lawrence Gahagan to sculpt a marble bust of her; this is now housed in the National Portrait Gallery, London
Jun 22 Rémi Joseph Isidore Exelmans a distinguished French soldier of the Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars, as well as a political figure of the following period.
Jun 29 Henry Clay an American lawyer, politician, and skilled orator who represented Kentucky in both the United States Senate and House of Representatives. He served three different terms as Speaker of the House of Representatives and was also Secretary of State from 1825 to 1829. He lost his campaigns for president in 1824, 1832 and 1844
Jul 2 Thomas Thomson (chemist) a Scottish chemist and mineralogist whose writings contributed to the early spread of Dalton's atomic theory.
Jul 5 Mikhail Zagoskin a Russian writer of social comedies and historical novels.
Jul 9 Thomas McKean Thompson McKennan a 19th-century politician and lawyer who served as the 2nd United States Secretary of the Interior under President Millard Fillmore.