1852 events in history

Jan 17 The United Kingdom recognizes the independence of the Boer colonies of the Transvaal
Feb 3 Justo José de Urquiza defeats Juan Manuel de Rosas at the Battle of Caseros
Feb 5 The Hermitage Museum in Saint Petersburg, Russia, one of the largest and oldest museums in the world, opens to the public
Feb 14 Great Ormond St Hospital for Sick Children, the first hospital in England to provide in-patient beds specifically for children (The National Children's Hospital in Dublin was founded over 30 years previously in 1821), is founded in London
Feb 16 Studebaker Brothers wagon company, precursor of the automobile manufacturer, is established
Mar 1 Archibald William Montgomerie, 13th Earl of Eglinton is appointed Lord Lieutenant of Ireland
Mar 20 Harriet Beecher Stowe's Uncle Tom's Cabin is published
May 1 The Philippine peso is introduced into circulation
May 29 Jenny Lind leaves New York after her two-year American tour
Jul 3 Congress establishes the United States' 2nd mint in San Francisco
Aug 3 Harvard University wins the first Boat Race between Yale University and Harvard. The race is also the first American intercollegiate athletic event
Aug 21 Tlingit Indians destroy Fort Selkirk, Yukon Territory
Sep 11 The State of Buenos Aires secedes from the Argentine Federal government, rejoining on September 17, 1861. Several places are named Once de Septiembre after this event
Sep 24 The first airship powered by (a steam) engine, created by Henri Giffard, travels 17 miles (27 km) from Paris to Trappes
Oct 11 The University of Sydney, Australia's oldest university, is inaugurated in Sydney
Nov 4 Camillo Benso, Count of Cavour becomes the prime minister of Piedmont-Sardinia, which soon expands to become Italy
Nov 16 The English astronomer John Russell Hind discovers the asteroid 22 Kalliope
Dec 2 Louis-Napoléon Bonaparte becomes Emperor of the French as Napoleon III