Died in 1853

Jan 1 Gregory Blaxland an English pioneer farmer and explorer in Australia, noted for initiating and co-leading the first successful crossing of the Blue Mountains by European settlers.
Jan 7 Ditlev Blunck a Danish painter associated with the Danish Golden Age during the first half of the 19th century.
Jan 8 Mihály Bertalanits a Slovene cantor, teacher, and poet in Hungary.
Jan 13 Theophilos Kairis a Greek priest, philosopher and revolutionary. He was born in Andros, Cyclades, Ottoman Greece, as a son of a distinguished family
Jan 16 Matteo Carcassi a famous Italian guitarist and composer.
Jan 16 Archduke Rainer Joseph of Austria a Viceroy of the Kingdom of Lombardy-Venetia from 1818 to 1848. He was also an Archduke of Austria, Prince Royal of Hungary and Bohemia
Jan 19 Charles Baker Adams an American educator and naturalist.
Jan 19 Karl Faber a Prussian archivist and historian.
Feb 4 Princess Maria Amélia of Brazil a princess of the Empire of Brazil and a member of the Brazilian branch of the House of Braganza. Her parents were Emperor Dom Pedro I, the first ruler of Brazil, and Amélie of Leuchtenberg. The only child of her father's second marriage, Maria Amélia was born in France after Pedro I abdicated the Brazilian throne in favor of his son Dom Pedro Before Maria Amélia was a month old, Pedro I went to Portugal to restore the crown of the eldest daughter of his first marriage, Dona Maria He fought a successful war against his brother Miguel I, who had usurped Maria II's throne
Feb 5 Thomas Talbot (Upper Canada) an Irish-born Canadian soldier and politician.
Feb 6 August Kopisch a German poet and painter.
Feb 6 Anastasio Bustamante president of Mexico three times, from 1830 to 1832, from 1837 to 1839 and from 1839 to 1841. He was a Conservative. He first came to power by leading a coup against president Vicente Guerrero. Bustamante was deposed twice and exiled to Europe each time
Feb 13 Étienne Laurent Joseph Hippolyte Boyer de Fonscolombe a French entomologist who specialised in Coleoptera and Hymenoptera and pest insects.
Feb 20 Jean-François Bayard a French playwright. He was the nephew of fellow playwright Eugène Scribe
Feb 20 William Broughton (bishop) the first Bishop of Australia of the Church of England.
Feb 27 Augustus Grand Duke of Oldenburg the Grand Duke of Oldenburg from 1829 to 1853.
Mar 4 Christian Leopold von Buch remembered as one of the most important contributors to geology in the first half of the nineteenth century. His scientific interest was devoted to a broad spectrum of geological topics: volcanism, fossils, stratigraphy and more. His most remembered accomplishment is the scientific definition of the jurassic system
Mar 4 Thomas Bladen Capel an officer in the British Royal Navy whose distinguished service in the French Revolutionary War, the Napoleonic Wars and the War of 1812 earned him rapid promotion and great acclaim both in and out of the Navy. He was also a great friend of Admiral Nelson and can be considered a full member of Nelson's "band of brothers"
Mar 12 Mathieu Orfila a Spanish-born French toxicologist and chemist, the founder of the science of toxicology.
Mar 14 Julius Jacob von Haynau an Austrian general who was prominent in suppressing insurrectionary movements in Italy and Hungary in 1848 and later. While a hugely effective military leader, he also gained renown as an aggressive and ruthless commander. His soldiers called him the "Habsburg Tiger"; those opponents who suffered from his brutality called him the "Hyena of Brescia" and the "Hangman of Arad."
Mar 15 Isaac Johnson a US politician and the 12th Governor of the state of Louisiana.
Mar 17 Christian Doppler an Austrian mathematician and physicist. He is celebrated for his principle — known as the Doppler effect — that the observed frequency of a wave depends on the relative speed of the source and the observer. He used this concept to explain the color of binary stars
Mar 22 Jean-Toussaint Arrighi de Casanova a French diplomat and soldier of the French Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars. In the late 1840s, Arrighi was also involved in politics and was elected Deputy and then Senator in the French Parliament. He was a cousin-in-law of Napoleon I of France
Mar 24 Domenico Foroni an Italian composer, conductor, and music educator. He was born in Valeggio sul Mincio into a family of landowners. On 7 November 1818 he married Teresa Zovetto with whom he had five children, two of whom became famous: the operatic soprano Antonietta Foroni-Conti and the composer and conductor Jacopo Foroni. In 1818 he was appointed to the dual position of director and principal conductor of the Teatro Filarmonico in Verona, a position he held for over 25 years. He was also highly active as a teacher of singing and music composition in that city. Among his notable pupils were Gottardo Aldighieri, Paolo Bombardi, Domenico Conti, Carlo Pedrotti, Alessandro Sala, Maria Spezia-Aldighieri, and his children. Most of his compositional output was sacred music, the majority of which was written for services at the Verona Cathedral. Most of his music is now lost, but copies of his Miserere and Messe still exist
Mar 30 Abigail Fillmore First Lady of the United States from 1850 to 1853.
Mar 31 Andrés Narvarte President of Venezuela as interim caretaker.
Apr 3 Louis Gustave le Doulcet comte de Pontécoulant a French politician. He was the father of Louis Adolphe le Doulcet and Philippe Gustave le Doulcet
Apr 3 Josef Ludwig von Armansperg Graf von Armansperg served as the Interior and Finance Minister and Foreign and Finance Minister under King Ludwig I of Bavaria in the government of Bavaria. He was a liberal monarchist and an economic conservative who promoted the unification of Germany with his attempts at a tariff union. Later he served as Regent of Greece for the underage Bavarian-born king and as his Prime Minister
Apr 8 Jan Willem Pieneman a painter from the Northern Netherlands.
Apr 13 Leopold Gmelin a German chemist. Gmelin was professor at the University of Heidelberg among other things, he worked on the red prussiate and created Gmelin's test
Apr 13 James Iredell Jr. the 23rd Governor of the U.S. state of North Carolina between 1827 and 1828.
Apr 13 Ludwig Ferdinand Schnorr von Carolsfeld a German Romantic painter, engraver and lithographer.
Apr 14 Robert Baldwin Sullivan a Canadian lawyer, judge, and politician who became the 2nd Mayor of Toronto. He was also a member of the Orange Order in Canada
Apr 18 William R. King an American politician and diplomat. He was the 13th Vice President of the United States for six weeks in 1853 before his death. Earlier he had been elected as a U.S. Representative from North Carolina and a Senator from Alabama. He also served as Minister to France during the reign of King Louis Phillippe
Apr 20 Lewis Caleb Beck an American physician, botanist, chemist, and mineralogist.
Apr 23 Auguste Laurent a French chemist who helped in the founding of organic chemistry with his discoveries of anthracene, phthalic acid, and carbolic acid.
Apr 25 William Beaumont a surgeon in the U.S. Army who became known as the "Father of Gastric Physiology" following his research on human digestion
Apr 28 Ludwig Tieck a German poet, translator, editor, novelist, writer of Novellen, and critic, who was one of the founding fathers of the Romantic movement of the late 18th and early 19th centuries.
May 2 Christian Friedrich Schwägrichen a German botanist specializing in the field of bryology.
May 2 Bezmiâlem Sultan the second wife of Ottoman Sultan Mahmud II, and the mother of Sultan Abdülmecid I of the Ottoman Empire.
May 3 Juan Donoso Cortés a Spanish author, conservative and catholic political theorist, and diplomat. He was a descendant, through his father Pedro Donoso Cortés, of the conquistador Hernando Cortés
May 8 Jan Roothaan Very Rev. Jan Philipp Roothaan, S.J. was a Dutch Jesuit, elected 21st Superior-General of the Society of Jesus
May 11 Hyacinth (Bichurin) one of the founding fathers of Sinology. He was born to a family of Chuvash priests and studied in the Kazan seminary
May 18 Lionel Kieseritzky a Baltic German chess master, famous primarily for a game he lost against Adolf Anderssen, which because of its brilliance was named "The Immortal Game".
Jun 2 Henry Trevor 21st Baron Dacre a British peer and soldier.
Jun 3 Filippo Galli (bass) an Italian opera singer who began his career as a tenor in 1801 but went on to become one of the most acclaimed basses of the bel canto era, with a voice known for its wide range, extreme agility, and expressivity, and a remarkable gift for acting.
Jun 4 Pavel Katenin a Russian classicist poet, dramatist, and literary critic who also contributed to the evolution of Russian Romanticism.
Jun 7 Norbert Provencher a Canadian clergyman and missionary and one of the founders of the modern province of Manitoba. He was the first Bishop of Saint Boniface and was an important figure in the history of the Franco-Manitoban community
Jun 12 Merry-Joseph Blondel a French history painter of the Neoclassical school. He was a winner of the prestigious Prix de Rome in 1803. After the salon of 1824, he was bestowed with the rank of Knight in the order of the Legion d'Honneur by Charles X of France and offered a professorship at the École nationale supérieure des Beaux-Arts: a position in which he remained until his death in 1853. In 1832, he was elected to a seat at the Académie des Beaux-Arts in Paris
Jun 14 Ivan Timofeevich Kokorev a Russian writer.