1853 events in history

Jan 6 President-elect of the United States Franklin Pierce and his family are involved in a train wreck near Andover, Massachusetts. Pierce's 11-year-old son Benjamin is killed in the crash
Jan 19 Giuseppe Verdi's opera Il Trovatore receives its premiere performance in Rome
Feb 22 Washington University in St. Louis is founded as Eliot Seminary in St. Louis, Missouri
Mar 19 The Taiping reform movement occupies and makes Nanjing its capital until 1864
Apr 16 The first passenger rail opens in India, from Bori Bunder, Bombay to Thane
Jul 2 The Russian Army crossed the Pruth river into the Danubian Principalities, Moldavia and Wallachia—providing the spark that set off the Crimean War
Jul 8 U.S. Commodore Matthew Perry arrives in Edo bay with a treaty requesting trade
Jul 14 Opening of the first major US world's fair, the Exhibition of the Industry of All Nations in New York City
Jul 25 Joaquin Murrieta, the famous Californio bandit known as "Robin Hood of El Dorado", is killed
Sep 24 Admiral Despointes formally takes possession of New Caledonia in the name of France
Oct 4 Crimean War: The Ottoman Empire declares war on Russia
Nov 30 Crimean War: Battle of Sinop – The Imperial Russian Navy under Pavel Nakhimov destroys the Ottoman fleet under Osman Pasha at Sinop, a sea port in northern Turkey
Dec 30 Gadsden Purchase: The United States buys land from Mexico to facilitate railroad building in the Southwest
Dec 31 A dinner party is held inside a life-size model of an Iguanodon created by Benjamin Waterhouse Hawkins and Sir Richard Owen in south London, England