Born in 1855

Jan 2 Frank Hadow a former World 1 English tennis player, who won the Wimbledon championship in 1878.
Jan 3 Hubert Bland an early English socialist and one of the founders of the Fabian Society.
Jan 5 King C. Gillette an American businessman. He invented a best selling version of the safety razor. Several models were in existence before Gillette's design. Gillette's innovation was the thin, inexpensive, disposable blade of stamped steel. Gillette is widely credited with inventing the so-called razor and blades business model, where razors are sold cheaply to increase the market for blades, but in fact he only adopted this model after his competitors did
Jan 13 Otto Lehmann (physicist) a German physicist and "father" of liquid crystal.
Jan 15 Jacques Damala mostly remembered as being husband to Sarah Bernhardt for a number of years. Damala's characterization by modern researchers is far from positive. His handsomeness was as notable as his insolence and Don Juan quality. Writer Fredy Germanos describes him as an opportunistic and hedonistic person, whose marriage to the great diva would inevitably intensify and maximize his vices, namely, his vanity and obsession with women, alcohol, and drugs
Jan 15 Bronislav Grombchevsky an ethnic Polish officer in the Imperial Russian Army and an explorer/spy, famed for his participation in the The Great Game.
Jan 16 Eleanor Marx the English-born youngest daughter of Karl Marx. She was herself a socialist activist, who sometimes worked as a literary translator. In March 1898, after discovering that her partner and prominent British Marxist, Edward Aveling, had secretly married a young actress in June the previous year, she committed suicide by poison. She was 43
Jan 17 Ignác Alpár a Hungarian architect.
Jan 20 Ludwik Solski a Polish stage actor and theatre director. From his stage debut in 1876 until his death he played in nearly a thousand roles
Jan 20 Ernest Chausson a French romantic composer who died just as his career was beginning to flourish.
Jan 21 Princess Maria Luisa of Bourbon-Two Sicilies the youngest daughter of King Ferdinand II of the Two Sicilies and his wife Archduchess Maria Theresa of Austria. She was known for her piety and for her charity to the poor
Jan 22 Albert Ludwig Sigesmund Neisser a German physician who discovered the causative agent of gonorrhea, a strain of bacteria that was named in his honour.
Jan 23 John Browning an American firearms designer who developed many varieties of military and civilian firearms, cartridges, and gun mechanisms, many of which are still in use around the world. He is regarded as one of the most successful firearms designers of the 20th century, in the development of modern automatic and semi-automatic firearms, and is credited with 128 gun patents. He made his first firearm at age 13 in his father's gun shop, and was awarded his first patent on October 7, 1879 at the age of 24
Jan 25 Eduard Meyer a German historian.
Jan 30 Ernesto Biondi an Italian sculptor who won the grand prix at the 1900 Exposition Universelle in Paris. In 1905 he sued the New York Metropolitan Museum of Art for breach of contract after they refused to display his Saturnalia. The New York Supreme Court ruled against him, stating that the museum director did not have the authority to initiate contracts without a vote from the board of trustees. Biondi preferred to work with bronze and often explored themes from ancient Rome or the Middle East
Feb 11 Ellen Day Hale an American Impressionist painter and printmaker from Boston. She studied art in Paris and during her adult life lived in Paris, London and Boston. She exhibited at the Paris Salon and the Royal Academy of Arts. Hale wrote the book History of Art: A Study of the Lives of Leonardo, Michelangelo, Raphael, Titian, and Albrecht Dürer
Feb 11 Erik Werenskiold a Norwegian painter and illustrator. He is especially known for his drawings for the Asbjørnsen and Moe collection of Norske Folkeeventyr, and his illustrations for the Norwegian edition of the Snorri Sturlason Heimskringla
Feb 12 Fannie Barrier Williams an African-American educator and political and women's rights activist. She became well known for her efforts to have blacks officially represented on the Board of Control of the World's Columbian Exposition in 1893
Feb 12 Jacob Pavlovich Adler a Jewish actor and star of Yiddish theater, first in Odessa, and later in London and in New York City's Yiddish Theater District.
Feb 13 Paul Deschanel a French statesman. He served as President of France from 18 February to 21 September 1920
Feb 14 Paul Milliet a French dramatist and librettist of the Parisian Belle Époque.
Feb 14 Vsevolod Garshin a Russian author of short stories.
Feb 15 Gustav Hollaender a German violinist, conductor and composer. He composer many violin works including violin concerti. He was uncle of the more famous film composer Friedrich Hollaender
Feb 15 Robert William Wilcox a native Hawaiian revolutionary soldier and politician. He led uprisings against both the government of the Kingdom of Hawaii under King Kalākaua and the Republic of Hawaii under Sanford Dole, what are now known as the Wilcox rebellions. He was later elected the first delegate to the United States Congress for the Territory of Hawaii
Feb 15 Jean-Joseph Carriès a French sculptor, ceramist, and miniaturist. Born in Lyon, Carriès was orphaned at age six and was raised in a Roman Catholic orphanage. He apprenticed with a local sculptor then in 1874 moved to Paris to study at the École des Beaux-Arts under Augustin-Alexandre Dumont. He first showed at the Paris Salon of 1875 and gained considerable recognition for his sculpted busts at the Paris Salons of 1879 and 1881. However, after seeing an exhibition of Japanese works at the 1878 World's Fair in Paris, he began to devote himself to the creation of polychrome Horror Masks
Feb 17 Władysław Ekielski a Polish architect known for his work in the eclectic and modern style.
Feb 17 Otto Liman von Sanders a German general who served as adviser and military commander for the Ottoman Empire during World War I.
Feb 18 Vera Timanova a Russian pianist.
Feb 18 Jean Jules Jusserand a French author and diplomat. He was the French Ambassador to the United States during World War I
Feb 19 Nishinoumi Kajirō I a sumo wrestler from Sendai, Kagoshima Prefecture, Japan. He was the sport's 16th yokozuna, and the first to be officially listed as such on the banzuke ranking sheets, an act which strengthened the prestige of yokozuna as the highest level of achievement in professional sumo
Feb 23 Maurice Bloomfield an American philologist and Sanskrit scholar.
Feb 25 Cesário Verde a 19th-century Portuguese poet. His work, while mostly ignored during his lifetime and not well known outside of the country’s borders even today, is generally considered to be amongst the most important in Portuguese poetry and is widely taught in schools. This is partly due to his being championed by many other authors after his death, notably Fernando Pessoa
Feb 25 Frederick McCubbin an Australian painter who was prominent in the Heidelberg School, one of the more important periods in Australia's visual arts history.
Feb 25 George Bonnor an Australian cricketer, known for his big hitting, who played between 1880 and 1888.
Feb 26 Karl Bulla a German-Russian photographer, often referred to as the "father of Russian photo-reporting".
Feb 27 Jakub Schikaneder a Bohemian painter.
Feb 27 Nikolai Velyaminov a Russian surgeon and public figure noted for improving the state of medical treatment in the Imperial Russian Army.
Mar 1 George Ramsay secretary/manager of Aston Villa Football Club in the most successful period of their history. His record of six League Championships is second only to Sir Alex Ferguson and his record of six FA Cup victories as manager is still standing
Mar 5 Kamures Kadınefendi the first wife of 35th ] Mehmed V, and the mother of Şehzade Mehmed Ziyaeddin Efendi of the Ottoman Empire.
Mar 7 Karl von den Steinen particularly to the study of Indian cultures of Central Brazil, and the art of the Marquesas. He laid the permanent foundations for Brazilian ethnology
Mar 7 Robert de Montesquiou a French aesthete, Symbolist poet, art collector and dandy.
Mar 8 Karl Ritter von Goebel a German botanist. His main fields of study were comparative functional anatomy, morphology, and the developmental physiology of plants under the influence of both phylogenetic and extrinsic factors
Mar 8 Hans Friedrich Gadow a German ornithologist.
Mar 13 Percival Lowell an American businessman, author, mathematician, and astronomer who fueled speculation that there were canals on Mars. He founded the Lowell Observatory in Flagstaff, Arizona, and formed the beginning of the effort that led to the discovery of Pluto 14 years after his death. The choice of the name was made by eleven-year-old Venetia Phair
Mar 14 Claude Bowes-Lyon 14th Earl of Strathmore and Kinghorne a landowner, the father of Queen Elizabeth The Queen Mother and the maternal grandfather of Queen Elizabeth II.
Mar 15 C. V. Boys a British physicist, known for his careful and innovative experimental work.
Mar 16 Alexei Polivanov a Russian military figure, infantry general. He served as Russia's Minister of War from June 1915 until his Tsarina Alexandra forced his removal from office in March 1916
Mar 17 Kikuchi Dairoku a mathematician, educator, and education administrator in Meiji period Japan.
Mar 19 Mose Janashvili a Georgian historian, ethnographer, and linguist. He was born into a Georgian Ingilo community at Qakh. Educated at Tbilisi and Kutaisi, he worked as a teacher for several years, from 1875 to 1920, and later served as a professor at the Tbilisi State University. He mostly engaged in study of medieval Georgian chronicles and hagiographic literature. As a linguist, Janashvili subscribed to the theory that linked Georgian with the Indo-European languages. He is buried at Mtatsminda Pantheon in Tbilisi
Mar 24 Olive Schreiner a South African author, anti-war campaigner and intellectual. She is best remembered today for her novel The Story of an African Farm which has been highly acclaimed ever since its first publication in 1883 for the bold manner in which it dealt with some of the burning issues of the day, including agnosticism, existential independence, individualism and the professional aspirations of women; as well as its portrayal of the elemental nature of life on the colonial frontier. In more recent studies she has also been foregrounded as an apologist for those sidelined by the forces of British Imperialism, such as the Afrikaners, and later other South African groups like Blacks, Jews and Indians – to name but a few. Although she showed interest in socialism, pacifism, vegetarianism and feminism amongst other things, her true views escape restrictive categorisations. Her published works and other surviving writings promote implicit values like moderation, friendship and understanding amongst all peoples and avoiding the pitfalls of political radicalism which she consciously eschewed. Although she may be called a lifelong freethinker, she always remained true to the spirit of the Christian Bible and developed a secular version of the worldview of her missionary parents, with mystical elements