Born in 1857

Jan 2 Uryū Sotokichi an early admiral of the Imperial Japanese Navy, active in the Russo-Japanese War, most notably at the Battle of Chemulpo Bay and the Battle of Tsushima. His name has sometimes been transliterated as "Uriu Sotokichi", or "Uriu Sotokitchi", a transliteration of older kana spelling. The spelling is different by current accepted methods of transliteration, but the pronunciation is the same as the modern spelling for Uryū
Jan 2 Viktor Uhlig an Austrian geologist and paleontologist.
Jan 2 M. Carey Thomas an American educator, suffragist, linguist, and second President of Bryn Mawr College.
Jan 3 Emma Ihrer a German feminist and trade unionist who was active in founding societies to defend the rights of women workers.
Jan 4 Émile Cohl a French caricaturist of the largely forgotten Incoherent Movement, cartoonist, and animator, called "The Father of the Animated Cartoon" and "The Oldest Parisian".
Jan 5 David Bispham the first American–born operatic baritone to win an international reputation.
Jan 6 William Russell (governor) a U.S. political figure. He served as the 37th Governor of Massachusetts between 1891 and 1894, becoming the state's youngest ever elected Governor at age 34
Jan 6 Hugh Mahon an Irish-born Australian politician and a member of the first Commonwealth Parliament for the Australian Labor Party. He was the only Member of Parliament ever expelled from the Federal Parliament
Jan 9 Henry Blake Fuller a United States novelist and short story writer, born in Chicago, Illinois.
Jan 11 Fred Archer (jockey) an English flat race jockey of the Victorian era, described as "the best all-round jockey that the turf has ever seen".
Jan 12 Knut Ångström a Swedish physicist. He was the son of physicist Anders Jonas Ångström and studied in Uppsala from 1877 to 1884, when he received his licentiat-degree, before going for a short time to the University of Strassburg to study with August Kundt. Coming back to Uppsala, he completed his doctoral degree and was appointed lecturer in physics at the new university college in Stockholm in 1885. After a few years working there, he returned to Uppsala in 1891 and received the professorship of Physics in 1896
Jan 14 Alice Pike Barney an American painter. She was active in Washington, D.C. and worked to make Washington into a center of the arts. Her two daughters were the writer and salon hostess Natalie Clifford Barney and the Bahá'í writer Laura Clifford Barney
Jan 16 Duchess Helene of Mecklenburg-Strelitz a daughter of Duke Georg August of Mecklenburg-Strelitz and his wife Grand Duchess Catherine Mikhailovna of Russia. She was the second wife of Prince Albert of Saxe-Altenburg
Jan 17 Eugene Augustin Lauste a French inventor instrumental in the technological development of the history of cinema.
Jan 17 Wilhelm Kienzl an Austrian composer.
Jan 18 Otto von Below a Prussian general officer in the Imperial German Army during the First World War. He was most notable for his victory in the Battle of Caporetto
Jan 23 Andrija Mohorovičić a Croatian meteorologist and seismologist. He is best known for the eponymous Mohorovičić discontinuity and is considered a founder of modern seismology
Jan 24 Vladimir Bekhterev a Russian neurologist and the father of objective psychology. He is best known for noting the role of the hippocampus in memory, his study of reflexes, and Bekhterev’s disease. Moreover, he is known for his competition with Ivan Pavlov regarding the study of conditioned reflexes
Jan 26 12th Dalai Lama the 12th Dalai Lama of Tibet.
Jan 31 James Huneker an American art, book, music, and theater critic. A colorful individual and an ambitious writer, he was "an American with a great mission," in the words of his friend, the critic Benjamin de Casseres, and that mission was to educate Americans about the best cultural achievements, native and European, of his time
Jan 31 George Jackson Churchward Chief Mechanical Engineer of the Great Western Railway in the United Kingdom from 1902 to 1922.
Feb 2 Simon Hollósy a Hungarian painter. He was considered one of the greatest Hungarian representatives of 19th-century Naturalism and Realism
Feb 3 Giuseppe Moretti an Italian émigré sculptor who became known in America for his public monuments in bronze and marble. Most notable among his works is Vulcan in Birmingham, Alabama, which is the largest cast iron statue in the world. On a personal level, Moretti was "known for his eclectic personality and for always wearing a green tie," but professionally, is claimed to be "the first man to use aluminum in art." Moretti enjoyed some celebrity in his lifetime, and was a friend of famed Italian tenor Enrico Caruso. It is even reported that the legendary singer repeatedly praised Moretti's voice
Feb 3 Wilhelm Johannsen a Danish botanist, plant physiologist, and geneticist. He was born in Copenhagen. While very young, he was apprenticed to a pharmacist and worked in Denmark and Germany beginning in 1872 until passing his pharmacist's exam in 1879. In 1881, he became assistant in the chemistry department at the Carlsberg Laboratory under the chemist Johan Kjeldahl. Johannsen studied the metabolism of dormancy and germination in seeds, tubers and buds. He showed that dormancy could be broken by various anesthetic compounds, such as diethyl ether and chloroform. In 1892, he was appointed lecturer at Royal Veterinary and Agricultural University and later became professor of botany and plant physiology. He taught plant physiology. His most well-known research concerned so-called pure lines of the self-fertile common bean. He was able to show that even in populations homozygous for all traits, i.e. without genetic variation, seed size followed a normal distribution. This was attributable to resource provision to the mother plant and to the position of seeds in pods and of pods on the plant. This led him to coin the terms phenotype and genotype
Feb 8 Christiaan Snouck Hurgronje a Dutch scholar of Oriental cultures and languages and Advisor on Native Affairs to the colonial government of the Netherlands East Indies.
Feb 8 Princess Elisabeth Anna of Prussia a German princess. She was the second child of Prince Frederick Charles of Prussia and Princess Maria Anna of Anhalt-Dessau. The Elisabeth-Anna-Palais was named in her honor after her early death in 1895
Feb 9 Avksenty Tsagareli a Georgian playwright particularly known for his comedies. He was described in the Great Soviet Encyclopedia as "one of the finest representatives of realistic drama."
Feb 11 James H. Glennon a United States Navy officer. He saw action in the Spanish-American War, the Philippine-American War, and World War I
Feb 11 Hans Bohrdt born on 11 February 1857 into a comfortably well-off middle-class family. He lived and worked in Berlin, Germany. His love for the sea began when he was 15 when he visited the port of Hamburg. Bohrdt was a self-taught painter who would later go on to give private lessons to Kaiser Wilhelm German Kaiser Wilhelm II took a liking to Bohrdt and would fund all of his projects. In 1915 Bohrdt created his most famous illustration which is called "The Last Man". The image shows a German navy officer holding up a German flag as his ship sinks because he would rather go down with the ship than surrender. "The Last Man" would become one of the most widely recognized propaganda images used during the war to inspire courage. Bohrdt was accepted into the Imperial Yacht Club in Kiel. In 1906 the emperor even grants Bohrdt a spacious villa in Berlin. After World War I Germany was completely destroyed. Bohrdt now made a living creating maritime postcards, book illustrations, magazines, and supplied images for newspaper articles
Feb 12 Bobby Peel an English professional cricketer who played first-class cricket for Yorkshire between 1883 and 1897. Primarily a left-arm spin bowler, Peel was also an effective left-handed batsman who played in the middle order. Between 1884 and 1896, he was regularly selected to represent England, playing 20 Test matches in which he took 101 wickets. Over the course of his career, he scored 12,191 runs and took 1,775 wickets in first-class cricket. A match-winning bowler, particularly when conditions favoured his style, Peel generally opened the attack, an orthodox tactic for a spinner at the time, and was highly regarded by critics
Feb 12 Eugène Atget a French flâneur and a pioneer of documentary photography, noted for his determination to document all of the architecture and street scenes of Paris before their disappearance to modernization. Most of his photographs were first published by Berenice Abbott after his death. An inspiration for the surrealists and other artists, his genius was only recognized by a handful of young artists in the last two years of his life, and he did not live to see the wide acclaim his work would eventually receive
Feb 15 Federico Halbherr an Italian archaeologist and epigrapher, known for his excavations of Crete. A contemporary, good friend, and trusted advisor of Arthur Evans, he began excavating at Phaistos before Evans began excavating at Knossos. Some of his explorations were funded by the Archaeological Institute of America
Feb 15 Anton Heimerl an Austrian botanist.
Feb 16 Lado Aleksi-Meskhishvili a Georgian theater actor and director. He is buried at the Didube Pantheon in Tbilisi. His son was Shalva Aleksi-Meskhishvili, a Georgian jurist and politician
Feb 17 Pedro Paterno a Filipino politician who has been called "the greatest turncoat in Philippine history." He was also a poet and novelist.'.
Feb 18 Max Klinger a German Symbolist painter, sculptor, printmaker, and writer.
Feb 21 Jules de Trooz a Belgian Catholic Party politician.
Feb 22 William Trelease an American botanist, entomologist, explorer, writer and educator. This botanist is denoted by the author abbreviation Trel. when citing a botanical name
Feb 22 Heinrich Hertz a German physicist who first conclusively proved the existence of electromagnetic waves theorized by James Clerk Maxwell's electromagnetic theory of light. Hertz proved the theory by engineering instruments to transmit and receive radio pulses using experimental procedures that ruled out all other known wireless phenomena. The scientific unit of frequency – cycles per second – was named the "hertz" in his honor
Feb 22 Robert Baden-Powell 1st Baron Baden-Powell a lieutenant-general in the British Army, writer, founder of the Scout Movement and first Chief Scout of The Boy Scouts Association.
Feb 25 Robert Bond the last Premier of Newfoundland Colony from 1900 to 1907 and the first prime minister of the Dominion of Newfoundland from 1907 to 1909 after the 1907 Imperial Conference conferred dominion status on the island. He was born in John's, Newfoundland, as the son of merchant John Bond. Bond grew up in John's until 1872 when his father died and left the family a good deal of money. He went to England where he was educated and came back to Newfoundland and articled under Sir William Whiteway
Feb 26 Émile Coué a French psychologist and pharmacist who introduced a popular method of psychotherapy and self-improvement based on optimistic autosuggestion.
Feb 27 Stephen Dzubay a bishop of Pittsburgh of the Russian American Metropolia, then known as the Russian Orthodox Archdiocese of the Aleutian Islands and North America, between 1916 and 1924. He had served as an Eastern Catholic priest in Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania, prior to his reception into Orthodoxy, and had been a schoolmate of Alexis Toth in their native land
Mar 3 Alfred Bruneau a French composer who played a key role in the introduction of realism in French opera.
Mar 4 Alexei Evert a Russian Imperial General in World War I, notable for his role as commander of the Russian Western Army Group in the Brusilov Offensive.
Mar 7 Julius Wagner-Jauregg an Austrian physician, who won the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1927. His Nobel award was "for his discovery of the therapeutic value of malaria inoculation in the treatment of dementia paralytica". Even though his first wife was Jewish, later in life he supported Nazism, and became anti-Semitic and advocate of eugenics, which degraded his public recognition
Mar 7 Louise Whitfield Carnegie the wife of philanthropist Andrew Carnegie.
Mar 8 Leon Piniński a Polish scientist, diplomat, art historian and politician. A professor of Roman law and one-time rector of the Lwów University , he devoted most of his life to political career in his hometown of Lwów , initially in Austria-Hungary and then in Poland
Mar 10 Fedor Krause a German neurosurgeon who was native of Friedland.
Mar 11 Tom Clarke (Irish republican) an Irish revolutionary leader and arguably the person most responsible for the 1916 Easter Rising. A proponent of armed revolution for most of his life, he spent 15 years in prison prior to his role in the Easter Rising, and was executed after it was quashed