1857 events in history

Jan 9 The Fort Tejon earthquake strikes California, registering an estimated magnitude of 7.9
Jan 24 The University of Calcutta is formally founded as the first fully-fledged university in South Asia
Mar 3 Second Opium War: France and the United Kingdom declare war on China
Mar 6 The Supreme Court of the United States rules in the Dred Scott v. Sandford case
Mar 21 An earthquake in Tokyo, Japan kills over 100,000
Mar 23 Elisha Otis's first elevator is installed at 488 Broadway New York City
Mar 29 Sepoy Mangal Pandey of the 34th Regiment, Bengal Native Infantry mutinies against the East India Company's rule in India and inspires the protracted Indian Rebellion of 1857, also known as the Sepoy Mutiny
Apr 18 "The Spirits Book" by Allan Kardec is published, marking the birth of Spiritualism in France
May 6 The British East India Company disbands the 34th Regiment of Bengal Native Infantry whose sepoy Mangal Pandey had earlier revolted against the British and is considered to be the First Martyr in the War of Indian Independence
May 10 Indian Rebellion of 1857: In India, the first war of Independence begins. Sepoys mutiny against their commanding officers at Meerut
May 11 Indian Rebellion of 1857: Indian rebels seize Delhi from the British
May 26 Dred Scott is emancipated by the Blow family, his original owners
Jun 1 Charles Baudelaire's Les Fleurs du mal is published
Jun 6 Sophia of Nassau marries the future King Oscar II of Sweden–Norway
Jun 26 The first investiture of the Victoria Cross in Hyde Park, London
Jul 18 Louis Faidherbe, French governor of Senegal, arrives to relieve French forces at Kayes, effectively ending El Hajj Umar Tall's war against the French
Aug 24 The Panic of 1857 begins, setting off one of the most severe economic crises in United States history
Sep 7 Mountain Meadows massacre: Mormon settlers slaughter most members of peaceful, emigrant wagon train
Sep 11 The Mountain Meadows massacre: Mormon settlers and Paiutes massacre 120 pioneers at Mountain Meadows, Utah
Sep 12 The SS Central America sinks about 160 miles east of Cape Hatteras, North Carolina, drowning a total of 426 passengers and crew, including Captain William Lewis Herndon. The ship was carrying 13–15 tons of gold from the California Gold Rush
Sep 20 The Indian Rebellion of 1857 ends with the recapture of Delhi by troops loyal to the East India Company
Sep 22 The Russian warship Lefort capsizes and sinks during a storm in the Gulf of Finland, killing all 826 aboard
Oct 5 The City of Anaheim, California is founded
Oct 24 Sheffield F.C., the world's oldest association football club still in operation, is founded in Sheffield, England
Nov 9 The Atlantic is founded in Boston, Massachusetts
Nov 16 Second relief of Lucknow – twenty-four Victoria Crosses are awarded, the most in a single day
Dec 31 Queen Victoria chooses Ottawa, then a small logging town, as the capital of Canada