Born in 1858

Jan 2 Josef Kainz an Austrian actor of Hungarian birth. He was highly active in theatres in Austria and Germany from 1873–1910. Revered as one of the greatest actors of the German-speaking theatre, the city of Vienna annually bestowed a theatre award for outstanding acting performance named after him, the Kainz Medal, from 1958 to 1999
Jan 4 Carter Glass a newspaper publisher and politician from Lynchburg, Virginia. He served many years in Congress as a member of the Democratic Party. As House co-sponsor, he played a central role in the development of the 1913 Glass-Owen Act that created the Federal Reserve System. Glass subsequently served as the U.S. Secretary of the Treasury under President Woodrow Wilson. Later elected to the Senate, he became widely known as co-sponsor of the Glass–Steagall Act of 1933, which enforced the separation of investment banking and commercial banking, and established the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation
Jan 6 Albert Henry Munsell an American painter, teacher of art, and the inventor of the Munsell color system.
Jan 6 Princess Louise of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg the princess consort of George Victor, Prince of Waldeck and Pyrmont. Louise was the third child and second eldest daughter of Friedrich, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg and Princess Adelheid of Schaumburg-Lippe and a niece of Christian IX of Denmark
Jan 7 Iwan Gilkin a Belgian poet. Born in Brussels, Gilkin was associated with the Symbolist school in Belgium. His works include Les ténèbres and Le Sphinx. Linked with the development of the literary revue the Parnasse de la Jeune Belgique, he was an early appreciator of the Comte de Lautréamont's infamous work, Les Chants de Maldoror, and sent several copies of the book to his friends, including fellow poet Léon Bloy. His mature works, which often concerned difficult religious and philosophical themes, reflect a highly pessimistic, spiritual and anti-positivistic outlook, influenced by Charles Baudelaire and Arthur Schopenhauer. A French-language study of Gilkin by Henri Liebrecht was published in 1941
Jan 7 Eliezer Ben-Yehuda a Litvak lexicographer and newspaper editor. He was the driving spirit behind the revival of the Hebrew language in the modern era
Jan 9 Elizabeth Gertrude Britton an American botanist, bryologist, and educator. She and her husband, Nathaniel Lord Britton played a significant role in the fundraising and creation of the New York Botanical Garden. She was a co-founder of the predecessor to the American Bryological and Lichenological Society. She was an activist for protection of wildflowers, inspiring local chapter activities and the passage of legislation. Elizabeth Britton made major contributions to the literature of mosses, publishing 170 papers in that field
Jan 9 Maurice Couette a French physicist known for his studies of fluidity.
Jan 10 Heinrich Zille a German illustrator and photographer.
Jan 11 Harry Gordon Selfridge an American-born British retail magnate who founded the London-based department store Selfridges. His 30-year leadership of Selfridges led to his becoming one of the most respected and wealthy retail magnates in the United Kingdom
Jan 13 Oskar Minkowski most famous for his research on diabetes. He was the brother of the mathematician Hermann Minkowski and father of astrophysicist Rudolph Minkowski
Jan 13 Edmond Aman-Jean a French symbolist painter, who co-founded the Salon des Tuileries in 1923.
Jan 14 Alois Riegl considered a member of the Vienna School of Art History. He was one of the major figures in the establishment of art history as a self-sufficient academic discipline, and one of the most influential practitioners of formalism
Jan 14 P. J. Kennedy Patrick Joseph "P. J." Kennedy was an Irish-American businessman and politician, a major figure in the Democratic Party in Boston, and the grandfather of President John Kennedy
Jan 15 Giovanni Segantini an Italian painter known for his large pastoral landscapes of the Alps. He was one of the most famous artists in Europe in the late 19th century, and his paintings were collected by major museums. In later life he combined a Divisionist painting style with Symbolist images of nature. He was active in Switzerland for most of his life
Jan 17 Tomás Carrasquilla a Colombian writer who lived in the Antioquia region. He dedicated himself to very simple jobs: tailor, secretary of a judge, storekeeper in a mine, and worker of the Ministry of Public Works. He was an avid reader, and one of the most original Colombian literary writers, greatly influencing the younger generation of his time and later generations. Carrasquilla was little known in his time, according to Federico de Onís, a scholar of Carrasquilla's works. It was only after 1936, when he was already 68 years old, when he was awarded with the National Prize of Literature, that Carrasquilla got a national recognition. Tomás Carrasquilla Library Park is named in his honor
Jan 17 Anton Vasyutinsky Ukrainian and Russian painter, prominent designer of coins and medals in the Russian Empire and Soviet Union, professor of Imperial Academy of Arts in Saint Petersburg.
Jan 19 Eugène Brieux born in Paris of poor parents.
Jan 20 Enrique Reig y Casanova a Cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church and an Archbishop of Toledo and Primate of Spain.
Jan 22 Frederick Lugard 1st Baron Lugard a British soldier, mercenary, explorer of Africa and colonial administrator, who was Governor of Hong Kong and Governor-General of Nigeria.
Jan 22 Beatrice Webb an English sociologist, economist, socialist, labour historian and social reformer. Her husband Sidney became Baron Passfield in 1929. Along with her husband and numerous others, Webb co-founded the London School of Economics and Political Science and played a crucial role in forming the Fabian Society. She coined the term "collective bargaining"
Jan 23 Cesare Gravina an Italian actor of the silent era. He appeared in 60 films between 1912 and 1929. He was born in Naples, Italy
Jan 25 Mikimoto Kōkichi credited with creating the first cultured pearl and subsequently starting the pearl industry with the establishment of his luxury pearl company Mikimoto.
Jan 27 Neel Doff an author of Dutch origin living and working in Belgium and mainly writing in French. She is one of the most important contributors to proletarian literature
Jan 28 Edgeworth David a Welsh Australian geologist and Antarctic explorer. A household name in his lifetime, David's most significant achievements were discovering the major Hunter Valley coalfield in New South Wales and leading the first expedition to reach the South Magnetic Pole. He also served with distinction in World War I
Jan 28 Stoyan Danev a leading Bulgarian liberal politician and twice Prime Minister.
Jan 28 Herbert Adams (sculptor) an American sculptor.
Jan 30 Johanna Wolff a popular German writer.
Jan 31 André Antoine considered the father of modern mise en scène in France.
Feb 5 Ketevan Geladze the mother of Joseph Stalin. She was born to a family of Georgian Orthodox Christian serfs in Gambareuli, Imperial Russia , in 1858. Her father, Glakh Geladze, was a potter belonging to Prince Amilakhvari. He died young and the family was always poor, but somehow her mother Melania ensured that Keke learned to read and write
Feb 7 Amédée-François Lamy a French military officer. He was born at Mougins, in the French département of Alpes-Maritimes on 7 February 1858 and died in the battle of Kousséri on 22 April 1900
Feb 11 Antoni Julian Nowowiejski a Polish bishop of Płock , titular archbishop of Silyum, first secretary of Polish Episcopal Conference , honorary citizen of Płock and historian. He died at the hands of the Germans in Soldau concentration camp near Działdowo on 28 May 1941, and was subsequently beatified by Pope John Paul II in 1999 as one of the 108 Martyrs of World War II
Feb 14 Joseph Thomson (explorer) a Scottish geologist and explorer who played an important part in the Scramble for Africa. Thomson's Gazelle is named for him. Excelling as an explorer rather than an exact scientist, he avoided confrontations among his porters or with indigenous peoples, neither killing any native nor losing any of his men to violence. His motto is often quoted to be "He who goes gently, goes safely; he who goes safely, goes far."
Feb 14 Carl von Marr an American painter. He was born at Milwaukee, Wisconsin, the son of the engraver John Marr and his wife Bertha Bodenstein Marr
Feb 15 Marcella Sembrich the stage name of the Polish coloratura soprano, Prakseda Marcelina Kochańska. She had an important international singing career, chiefly at the New York Metropolitan Opera and the Royal Opera House, Covent Garden, London
Feb 15 William Henry Pickering an American astronomer and the brother of Edward Charles Pickering. He was elected a Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences in 1883
Feb 16 John Addison Fordyce associated with Fordyce's spot, Angiokeratoma of Fordyce, Brooke–Fordyce trichoepithelioma, Fordyce's disease, Fordyce's lesion, and Fox–Fordyce disease.
Feb 18 Alexander Nikolsky a Russian and Ukrainian zoologist born in Astrakhan.
Feb 18 Princess Louise of Belgium the eldest daughter of Leopold II and his wife, Marie Henriette of Austria.
Feb 19 Tobias Matthay an English pianist, teacher, and composer.
Feb 19 Charles Eastman a Native American physician, writer, national lecturer, and reformer. In the early 20th century, he was "one of the most prolific authors and speakers on Sioux ethnohistory and American Indian affairs."
Feb 21 Oldfield Thomas a British zoologist.
Feb 24 Friedrich Schrempf an editor and member of the German Reichstag.
Feb 24 Arnold Dolmetsch a French-born musician and instrument maker who spent much of his working life in England and established an instrument-making workshop in Haslemere, Surrey. He was a leading figure in the 20th century revival of interest in early music
Feb 26 Vladimir Serbsky one of the founders of the forensic psychiatry in Russia. An author of The Forensic Psychopathology, Serbskiy thought delinquency to have no congenital diatheses, considering it to be caused by social reasons
Feb 28 Tore Svennberg a Swedish actor and theatre director whose career spanned more than five decades.
Mar 1 Georg Simmel a German sociologist, philosopher, and critic.
Mar 8 Paul Drews a German Lutheran theologian.
Mar 10 Henry Watson Fowler an English schoolmaster, lexicographer and commentator on the usage of the English language. He is notable for both A Dictionary of Modern English Usage and his work on the Concise Oxford Dictionary, and was described by The Times as "a lexicographical genius"
Mar 12 Egerton Castle a Victorian era author, antiquarian, and swordsman, and an early practitioner of reconstructed historical fencing, as well as the captain of the British épée and saber teams at the 1908 Olympics.