Died in 1858

Jan 1 Baltazar Mathias Keilhau a Norwegian geologist and mountain pioneer. He was born in Gjøvik. In 1830 he married Christine Kemp. Keilhau is regarded as the founder of geology in Norway. He lectured at the Royal Frederick University in Christiania from 1826, and was appointed professor from 1834
Jan 2 John Forbes Royle born in Kanpur in 1798. Entering the service of the East India Company as assistant surgeon, he devoted himself to studying botany and geology, and made large collections among the Himalaya Mountains. He also investigated the medical properties of the plants of Hindustan and the history of their uses among the native races. The results of these investigations appeared in an essay On the Antiquity of Hindu Medicine. For nearly ten years he held the post of superintendent of the East India Company's botanic garden in the Himalayas at Saharanpur. In 1837 he was appointed to the professorship of materia medica in King's College London, which he held till 1856. From 1838 onwards be conducted a special department of correspondence, relating to vegetable products, at the East India House, and at the time of his death he had just completed there an extensive and valuable museum of technical products from the East Indies. In 1851 he superintended the Indian department of the Great Exhibition. He died at Acton near London on 2 January 1858
Jan 3 Henry Darcy a French engineer who made several important contributions to hydraulics.
Jan 3 Rachel Félix a French actress.
Jan 5 Joseph Radetzky von Radetz a Czech nobleman and Austrian general, immortalised by Johann Strauss I's Radetzky March. General Radetzky was in the military for over 70 years to the age of 90, almost up to his death at age 91, and is known for the victories at the Battles of Custoza and Novara during the First Italian War of Independence
Jan 7 Mustafa Reşid Pasha an Ottoman statesman and diplomat, known best as the chief architect behind the Ottoman government reforms known as Tanzimat.
Jan 8 Friedrich Kühmstedt a German composer. He studied with Johann Nepomuk Hummel in Weimar. His work includes symphonies, fugues and preludes for organ
Jan 9 Anson Jones a doctor, businessman, congressman, and the fourth and last President of the Republic of Texas, sometimes called the "Architect of Annexation".
Jan 14 Mykhajlo Levitsky the Metropolitan Archbishop of the Ukrainian Greek Catholic Church from 1816 until his death in 1858 and a Cardinal of the Catholic Church.
Jan 15 Antoine Maurice Apollinaire d'Argout a French statesman, minister and governor of the Bank of France.
Jan 18 William Cavendish 6th Duke of Devonshire a British peer, courtier and Whig politician. Known as the "Bachelor Duke", he was Lord Chamberlain of the Household between 1827 and 1828 and again between 1830 and 1834
Jan 22 Louis II Grand Duke of Baden the son of Leopold I, Grand Duke of Baden and Sophie of Holstein-Gottorp, Princess of Sweden.
Jan 23 Luigi Lablache an Italian opera singer of French and Irish heritage. He was most noted for his comic performances, possessing a powerful and agile bass voice, a wide range, and adroit acting skills: Leporello in Don Giovanni was one of his signature roles
Jan 29 Pavel Kridener a Russian diplomat. He was the fourth Russian Ambassador to the United States, under John Quincy Adams
Jan 30 Coenraad Jacob Temminck a Dutch aristocrat, zoologist, and museum director.
Jan 31 Václav Mánes a Czech painter. He was the brother of Antonín Mánes and uncle of Quido and Josef Mánes and Amalie Mánesová, all of whom were also painters. Some of his work may today be seen in the collections of the National Gallery in Prague. Little is known of him; even the date of his birth is uncertain. He never married and lived and worked in his brother's household for the duration of his career. He spent three years living and working in Rome, where his chief companions were members of the Nazarenes. Stylistically, his work hovered somewhere between neoclassicism and Romanticism. He served as director of the Prague Academy from 1835 to 1836 and again in 1840. He won some acclaim for his depictions of scenes from the Bible, and painted portraits as well. He died in Prague
Feb 6 Georg Friedrich Creuzer a German philologist and archaeologist.
Feb 13 Hermann Heinrich Gossen often regarded as the first to elaborate a general theory of marginal utility.
Feb 13 Sylvie von Ziegesar a German woman active in the intellectual circles of Weimar Classicism. She was a friend of the painter Louise Seidler and the intellectual Pauline Gotter the subject of Goethe's poem "To Sylvie von Ziegesar"
Feb 26 Thomas Tooke an English economist known for writing on money and his work on economic statistics. After Tooke's death the Statistical Society endowed the Tooke Chair of economics at King's College London, and a Tooke Prize
Mar 3 József Bajza a Hungarian poet and critic.
Mar 4 Matthew C. Perry a Commodore of the U.S. Navy and commanded a number of ships. He served in several wars, most notably in the Mexican-American War and the War of 1812. He played a leading role in the opening of Japan to the West with the Convention of Kanagawa in 1854. Perry was very concerned with the education of naval officers and helped develop an apprentice system that helped establish the curriculum at the United States Naval Academy. With the advent of the steam engine, he became a leading advocate of modernizing the U.S. Navy and came to be considered The Father of the Steam Navy in the US
Mar 8 Rudolf Kohlrausch a German physicist.
Mar 12 William James Blacklock an English landscape painter, painting scenery in Cumbria, the Lake District and the Scottish Borders.
Mar 13 Felice Orsini an Italian revolutionary and leader of the Carbonari who tried to assassinate Napoleon III, Emperor of the French.
Mar 16 Christian Gottfried Daniel Nees von Esenbeck a prolific German botanist, physician, zoologist, and natural philosopher. He was a contemporary of Goethe and was born within the lifetime of Linnaeus. He described approximately 7,000 plant species. His last official act as president of the German Academy of Natural Scientists Leopoldina was to admit Charles Darwin as a member. He was the author of numerous monographs on botany and zoology. His best-known works deal with fungi
Mar 16 Osip Senkovsky a Polish-Russian orientalist, journalist, and entertainer.
Mar 18 James Bannerman a lieutenant and acting governor of the Gold Coast from 4 December 1850 to 14 October 1851.
Mar 20 Johannes Gossner born at Hausen near Augsburg.
Mar 26 John Addison Thomas an American engineer and military officer who served in the United States Army, and later served as United States Assistant Secretary of State.
Mar 29 Antoine Laurent Bayle a French physician born in Le Vernet, Alpes-de-Haute-Provence. He was a nephew to pathologist Gaspard Laurent Bayle
Apr 3 Sigismund von Neukomm an Austrian composer and pianist.
Apr 7 Anton Diabelli an Austrian music publisher, editor and composer. Best known in his time as a publisher, he is most familiar today as the composer of the waltz on which Ludwig van Beethoven wrote his set of thirty-three Diabelli Variations
Apr 7 Vasili Bebutov a Russian-Armenian general. A descendant of a Georgian-Armenian noble house of Bebutashvili/Bebutov, he was in the military since 1809. Served in the Russo-Turkish War of 1806–1812 and the Patriotic War of 1812. Since 1816 he was Adjutant General of the I. Retinue and served with P. Yermolov. During the Russo-Turkish War of 1828–29 he participated in the takeover of Akhaltsikhe, from 1830 he was the governor of the Armenian Oblast. From 1844–47 he was the commander of troops against Imam Shamil. He was awarded the Order of Saint George of the second degree on December 6, 1853 for his services
Apr 9 Joseph Karl Stieler a German painter. From 1820 until 1855 he worked as royal court painter of the Bavarian kings. He is known for his Neoclassical portraits, especially for the Gallery of Beauties at Nymphenburg Palace in Munich
Apr 10 Thomas Hart Benton (politician) a U.S. Senator from Missouri and a staunch advocate of westward expansion of the United States. He served in the Senate from 1821 to 1851, becoming the first member of that body to serve five terms. Benton was an architect and champion of westward expansion by the United States, a cause that became known as Manifest Destiny
Apr 11 Franz Xaver Stöber an Austrian engraver and etcher.
Apr 12 Siegfried Dehn a German music theorist, editor, teacher and librarian.
Apr 13 Ignatius Knoblecher a Slovenian Roman Catholic missionary in Central Africa.
Apr 16 Johann Baptist Cramer an English musician of German origin. He was the son of Wilhelm Cramer, a famous London violinist and musical conductor, one of a numerous family who were identified with the progress of music during the 18th and 19th centuries
Apr 17 James Abercromby 1st Baron Dunfermline a British barrister and Whig politician. He served as Speaker of the House of Commons between 1835 and 1839
Apr 28 Johannes Peter Müller a German physiologist, comparative anatomist, ichthyologist, and herpetologist, known not only for his discoveries but also for his ability to synthesize knowledge.
Apr 28 Émilie Bigottini a French dancer of Italian ancestry.
May 3 Auguste Brizeux a French poet. He was said to belong to a family of Irish origin, long settled in Brittany. He was educated for the law, but in 1827 he produced at the Théâtre Français a one-act verse comedy, Racine, in collaboration with Philippe Busoni
May 11 Aimé Bonpland a French explorer and botanist.
May 17 Duchess Helene of Mecklenburg-Schwerin a French Crown Princess after her marriage in 1837 to the eldest son of Louis Philippe I, Ferdinand Philippe of Orléans.
May 20 Philipp Maximilian Opiz a Czech-German forester and botanist.
May 21 José de la Riva Agüero a Peruvian soldier, politician, historian and twice President of Peru.
May 29 Johann Moritz Rugendas a German painter, famous for his works depicting landscapes and ethnographic subjects in several countries in the Americas, in the first half of the 19th century. Rugendas is also the subject of the 2000 novel by César Aira, An Episode in the Life of a Landscape Painter
Jun 3 Julius Reubke a German composer, pianist and organist. In his short life — he died at the age of 24 — he composed the Sonata on the 94th Psalm, in C minor, which was and still is considered one of the greatest organ works in the repertoire