Born in 1859

Jan 1 Thibaw Min the last king of the Konbaung Dynasty of Burma and also the last in Burmese history. His reign ended when Burma was defeated by the forces of the British Empire in the Third Anglo-Burmese War, on 29 November 1885, prior to its official annexation on 1 January 1886
Jan 1 Martin Dülfer a German architect.
Jan 2 Billy Mosforth an English football player who played either as an inside or outside left. Born in Sheffield he played for several Sheffield clubs but the majority of his career was spent at The Wednesday. He later joined Sheffield United, playing in their first season in existence before retiring in 1890. He won nine caps for England between 1877 and 1882, which was a record at the time, scoring three goals for his country
Jan 4 Karel Václav Rais a Czech realist novelist, author of the so-called country prose, numerous books for youth and children, and several poems.
Jan 6 Alfred-Henri-Marie Baudrillart a French Cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church. He served as Rector of the Catholic Institute of Paris from 1907 until his death, and was elevated to the cardinalate in 1935
Jan 6 Henry Pellatt a well-known Canadian financier and soldier.
Jan 6 Samuel Alexander an Australian-born British philosopher. He was the first Jewish fellow of an Oxbridge college
Jan 7 Feng Guozhang a key Beiyang Army general and politician in early republican China. He held the office of Vice-President and then President of the Republic of China. He is considered the founder of the Zhili Clique of Warlords that vied for control of northern China during the chaotic Warlord era
Jan 8 Fanny Bullock Workman an American geographer, cartographer, explorer, travel writer, and mountaineer, notably in the Himalaya. She was one of the first female professional mountaineers; she not only explored but also wrote about her adventures. She set several women's altitude records, published eight travel books with her husband, and championed women's rights and women's suffrage
Jan 9 Carrie Chapman Catt an American women's suffrage leader who campaigned for the Nineteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution, which gave U.S. women the right to vote in 1920. Catt served as president of the National American Woman Suffrage Association and was the founder of the League of Women Voters and the International Alliance of Women. She "led an army of voteless women in 1919 to pressure Congress to pass the constitutional amendment giving them the right to vote and convinced state legislatures to ratify it in 1920" and "was one of the best-known women in the United States in the first half of the twentieth century and was on all lists of famous American women"
Jan 10 Nahum Sokolow a Zionist leader, author, translator, and a pioneer of Hebrew journalism.
Jan 10 Alexandros Kontoulis a Greek Army officer who rose to the rank of Lieutenant General. He was among the driving minds behind the Macedonian Struggle and was involved in the Albanian national movement, with the nom de guerre of Kapetan Skourtis. Kontoulis fought with distinction in the Greco-Turkish War of 1897 and the First Balkan War, where he was heavily wounded. In the Greco-Turkish War of 1919–1922, he commanded the I Army Corps on the southern sector of the Greek front from February 1921 to June 1922. After his retirement, he served as ambassador to Albania
Jan 10 Francesc Ferrer i Guàrdia a Spanish anarchist.
Jan 11 George Curzon 1st Marquess Curzon of Kedleston a British Conservative statesman who was the Viceroy of India and the Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs, but who was passed over as Prime Minister in 1923 in favour of Stanley Baldwin. He was a key figure in instituting the 1905 Partition of Bengal, which led to a major political crisis for the British Empire. He drew the Curzon Line in Eastern Europe. His character polarised opinion amongst his contemporaries, "sow gratitude and resentment along his path with equally lavish hands" He quarrelled endlessly and his arrogance and inflexibility made even more enemies. Critics have been negative in contrasting his enormous talents and energy on behalf of British imperialism with his mixed results and unrealized ambitions
Jan 11 John Tengo Jabavu a political activist and the editor of South Africa's first newspaper to be written in Xhosa.
Jan 13 Henry Meynell Rheam a painter from England.
Jan 13 Paul Passy a French linguist, founder of the International Phonetic Association in 1886. He took part in the elaboration of the International Phonetic Alphabet
Jan 13 Maurice Paléologue a French diplomat, historian, and essayist.
Jan 13 Kostis Palamas a Greek poet who wrote the words to the Olympic Hymn. He was a central figure of the Greek literary generation of the 1880s and one of the cofounders of the so-called New Athenian School along with Georgios Drosinis, Nikos Kampas, Ioannis Polemis
Jan 15 Archibald Gracie IV an American writer, amateur historian, real estate investor, and survivor of the sinking of the RMS Titanic. He was the last survivor to leave the ship. He survived the sinking by climbing aboard an overturned collapsible lifeboat, and wrote a popular book about the disaster which is still in print today
Jan 15 Nathaniel Lord Britton an American botanist and taxonomist who co-founded the New York Botanical Garden in the Bronx, New York.
Jan 15 Archibald Peake an Australian politician and the 25th Premier of South Australia, serving on three separate occasions in the 1910s.
Jan 16 Jón Magnússon (politician) an Icelandic politician, and was Prime Minister of Iceland on two occasions. He served his first term, as a member of the Home Rule Party , from 4 January 1917 to 7 March 1922. He served his second term, as a member of the Conservative Party , from 22 March 1924 to 23 June 1926
Jan 18 Frank Johnson Goodnow an American educator and legal scholar, born in Brooklyn, New York.
Jan 19 Erich Haase a German physician and entomologist.
Jan 19 Henry Herbert La Thangue an English realist rural landscape painter associated with the Newlyn School.
Jan 19 Charles Diehl a French historian born in Strasbourg. He was a leading authority on Byzantine art and history
Jan 20 Tony Mullane an Irish Major League Baseball player who pitched for seven teams during his 13-season career. He is best known as a pitcher that could throw left-handed and right-handed, and for having one of the highest career win totals of pitchers not in the Baseball Hall of Fame
Jan 24 Alexander Ilyinsky a Russian music teacher and composer, best known for the Lullaby , 13, 7, from his orchestral suite "Noure and Anitra", and for the opera The Fountain of Bakhchisaray set to Pushkin's poem of the same name.
Jan 27 Pavel Milyukov a Russian historian and liberal politician. He was the founder, leader, and the most prominent member of the Constitutional Democratic party. In the Russian Provisional Government, Milyukov was in charge of the foreign policy and tried hard to prevent Russia's exit from the First World War. His name is sometimes rendered in English as Paul Miliukov or Paul Milukoff
Jan 27 Wilhelm II German Emperor the last German Emperor and King of Prussia, ruling the German Empire and the Kingdom of Prussia from 15 June 1888 to 9 November 1918. He was the eldest grandson of the British Queen Victoria and related to many monarchs and princes of Europe
Jan 29 Charles Axtell an American sport shooter who competed at the 1908 Summer Olympics.
Jan 30 James Gorman (sport shooter) an American sport shooter who competed at the 1908 Summer Olympics.
Feb 1 Victor Herbert an Irish-born, German-raised American composer, cellist and conductor. Although Herbert enjoyed important careers as a cello soloist and conductor, he is best known for composing many successful operettas that premiered on Broadway from the 1890s to World War He was also prominent among the tin pan alley composers and was later a founder of the American Society of Composers, Authors, and Publishers. A prolific composer, Herbert produced two operas, a cantata, 43 operettas, incidental music to 10 plays, 31 compositions for orchestra, nine band compositions, nine cello compositions, five violin compositions with piano or orchestra, 22 piano compositions and numerous songs, choral compositions and orchestrations of works by other composers, among other music
Feb 1 Karel Halíř a Czech violinist who lived mainly in Germany. Karel is also seen as Karol, Karl or Carl; Halíř is also seen as Halir or Haliř
Feb 1 Lydia Maria Adams DeWitt an American pathologist and anatomist.
Feb 2 Walther von Lüttwitz best known for being the driving force between the Kapp-Lüttwitz Putsch of 1920 which attempted to replace the democratic government of the Weimar Republic with a military dictatorship.
Feb 2 Havelock Ellis a British physician, writer, and social reformer who studied human sexuality. He was co-author of the first medical textbook in English on homosexuality in 1897, and also published works on a variety of sexual practices and inclinations, including transgender psychology. He is credited with introducing the notions of narcissism and autoeroticism, later adopted by psychoanalysis. He served as president of the Galton Institute and, like many intellectuals of his era, supported eugenics
Feb 3 Hugo Junkers a German engineer and aircraft designer. As such he is generally credited with pioneering the design of all-metal airplanes and flying wings. As founder of the Junkers Flugzeug- und Motorenwerke AG, he was one of the mainstays of the German aircraft industry in the years between World War I and World War In particular his multi-engined all-metal passenger- and freightplanes helped establish airlines in Germany as well as all over the world. Although his name is also linked to some of the most successful German warplanes of the Second World War, Hugo Junkers himself had nothing to do with their development. He was forced out of his own company by the Nazi government in 1934 and died in 1935
Feb 3 Joseph Henry Blake (chess player) an English chess master.
Feb 3 Urbano Santos da Costa Araújo a Brazilian politician who was Vice President of Brazil from November 15, 1914 to November 15, 1918 under Venceslau Brás.
Feb 5 Jafargulu Khan Nakhchivanski a Russian Imperial officer and later an Azerbaijani statesman. He was the brother of General-Adjutant Huseyn Khan Nakhchivanski and father of Major General Jamshid Nakhchivanski
Feb 6 Elias Disney the father of Roy Disney and Walt Disney. His death at age 82, occurred when Walt was age 39
Feb 6 Wilhelm Cohn a German chess master.
Feb 9 Akiyama Yoshifuru considered the father of modern Japanese cavalry. He was Vice Admiral Akiyama Saneyuki's older brother
Feb 10 Alexandre Millerand a French socialist politician. He was Prime Minister of France 20 January to 23 September 1920 and President of France from 23 September 1920 to 11 June 1924. His participation in Waldeck-Rousseau's cabinet at the start of the 20th century, alongside the marquis de Galliffet who had directed the repression of the 1871 Paris Commune, sparked a debate in the French Section of the Workers' International and in the Second International about the participation of socialists in "bourgeois governments"
Feb 12 Émile Meyerson a Polish-born French epistemologist, chemist, and philosopher of science. Meyerson was born in Lublin, Poland. He died in his sleep of a heart attack at the age of 74
Feb 14 George Washington Gale Ferris Jr. an American engineer. He is mostly known for creating the original Ferris Wheel for the 1893 Chicago World's Columbian Exposition
Feb 15 Louis-Joseph Maurin a Roman Catholic Cardinal and Archbishop of Lyon.
Feb 17 Nikolay Gamaleya a Ukrainian physician and scientist who played a pioneering role in microbiology and vaccine research in the Russian Empire and the Soviet Union.