Born in 1860

Jan 1 John Cassidy (artist) born in Littlewood Commons, Slane, County Meath. He moved to Dublin at the age of 20 to find work. In Dublin he attended art classes at night and won a scholarship to study in Milan, Italy. After two years he moved to Manchester, England where he lived for the rest of his life. He created many public sculptures, especially war memorials and exhibited at the Royal Academy, the Royal Hibernian Academy and in Manchester City Art Gallery
Jan 1 Dan Katchongva a Hopi Native American traditional leader. Son of Yukiuma, keeper of the Fire Clan tablets, who founded Hotevilla in 1906. He is one of four Hopis who decided or were appointed to reveal Hopi traditional wisdom and teachings, including the Hopi prophecies for the future, to the general public in 1946, after the use of the first two nuclear weapons on Japan. Katchongva was the eldest of the group of four knowledgeable Hopis, and the first to die. Kachongva was a member of the Sun Clan
Jan 1 Afanasy Seredin-Sabatin best known as the first European architect to live and work in the Korean Empire from 1890 to 1904. He built a number of palaces in European style within the city of Seoul. He also built the first Russian Legation building, also in the city of Seoul. This building is a historical site because shortly after the Japanese invasion of Korea, in 1895, when the Korean Queen Min was assassinated by the Japanese, King Gojong and his son were given refuge in the Russian Legation for a year
Jan 1 Michele Lega S.T.D. J.U.D. was a Cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church who served as Prefect of the Congregation for the Discipline of Sacraments
Jan 1 Jan Vilímek a Czech illustrator and painter.
Jan 2 Dugald Campbell Patterson recognized in Vancouver, Burnaby, and New Westminster, British Columbia as a significant pioneer. He arrived in Canada on July 1, 1884 and engaged in the building trade while living in Victoria. In 1894 he moved to Burnaby where he acquired a five acre parcel of land which today forms the north east section of Central Park. Patterson worked as an engineer for Armstrong Morrison & Balfour and later became foreman boilermaker for the Vancouver Engineering Works. He founded Vulcan Iron Works of New Westminster in 1903, was the first postmaster of the Edmonds district in 1909 and was a member of the New Westminster Board of Trade in 1911. He was elected a Burnaby school trustee in 1912, was a director of the British Columbia Electric and Water Heat Company and owned and operated a real estate business where he purchased and developed properties as far away as Barkerville. He also founded and operated an insurance company for many years. Patterson Avenue, which he originally cleared as a trail, and Patterson Station, where he built the original interurban stop along the British Columbia Electric Railway, are named for the family
Jan 2 William Corless Mills a US museum curator.
Jan 3 Katō Takaaki a Japanese politician and the 24th Prime Minister of Japan from 11 June 1924 to 28 January 1926. He was also known as Katō Kōmei
Jan 4 Victor Westerholm a Finnish landscape painter.
Jan 7 Emanuil Manolov a Bulgarian composer.
Jan 8 Emma Booth (The Salvation Army) the fourth child and second daughter of Catherine and William Booth, the Founder of The Salvation Army.
Jan 8 Carl Lebrecht Udo Dammer a German botanist. Dammer was also interested in entomology
Jan 9 Valborg Aulin a Swedish pianist and composer. She was the sister of Tor Aulin and studied music with Benjamin Godard and Niels Wilhelm Gade. Besides many lieder and pieces for solo piano, her compositions included two string quartets and organ music
Jan 10 Charles G. D. Roberts known as the Father of Canadian Poetry. He was "almost the first Canadian author to obtain worldwide reputation and influence; he was also a tireless promoter and encourager of Canadian literature.... He published numerous works on Canadian exploration and natural history, verse, travel books, and fiction." "At his death he was regarded as Canada's leading man of letters."
Jan 12 Louis Dutfoy a French sport shooter who competed in the late 19th century and early 20th century. He participated in Shooting at the 1900 Summer Olympics in Paris and won a silver medal with the French military pistol team
Jan 12 Henry Larkin played Major League Baseball for 10 seasons.
Jan 13 Emil Kemény a Hungarian–American chess master, editor and publisher.
Jan 15 Eleanor Hull a writer, journalist and scholar of Old Irish.
Jan 17 Carlos José Solórzano the President of Nicaragua between 1 January 1925 and 14 March 1926.
Jan 17 Douglas Hyde an Irish scholar of the Irish language who served as the first President of Ireland from 1938 to 1945. He was a leading figure in the Gaelic revival, and first president of the Gaelic League, one of the most influential cultural organisations in Ireland at the time
Jan 21 Karl Staaff a Swedish liberal politician and lawyer. He was chairman of the Liberal Coalition Party and served twice as Prime Minister of Sweden
Jan 25 Charles Curtis a Kaw Nation Native American Indian who served as a Republican Vice President of the United States. After serving as a United States Representative, and then a longtime United States Senator from Kansas, Curtis was later chosen as Senate Majority Leader by his Republican colleagues, and the 31st Vice President of the United States. He was the first person with significant acknowledged Native American ancestry and the first person with significant acknowledged non-European ancestry to reach either of the two highest offices in the United States government's executive branch. He was enrolled in the Kaw tribe and his maternal ancestry was three-quarters Native American: Kaw, Osage and Potawatomi. His father was European-American. Curtis spent years of childhood living with his maternal grandparents on their Kaw reservation
Jan 26 Emilio Diena an Italian philatelist who specialized in the postage stamps of Italy and published substantial research on the subject. Many regard him as Italy’s greatest philatelist
Jan 29 Anton Chekhov considered to be among the greatest writers of short stories in history. His career as a dramatist produced four classics and his best short stories are held in high esteem by writers and critics. Chekhov practised as a medical doctor throughout most of his literary career: "Medicine is my lawful wife", he once said, "and literature is my mistress." Along with Henrik Ibsen and August Strindberg, Chekhov is often referred to as one of the three seminal figures in the birth of early modernism in the theater
Feb 1 Michel Zevaco a French journalist, novelist, publisher, film director, and anti-clerical as well as anarchist activist.
Feb 2 Curtis Guild Jr. the 43rd Governor of Massachusetts in the United States, serving from 1906 to 1909. Prior to his election as governor, Guild served in the Massachusetts Volunteer Militia, seeing active duty in Cuba during the Spanish-American War. He was a friend of Theodore Roosevelt, with whom he attended Harvard University
Feb 3 Otto Schmeil a German zoologist, botanist and educator. He is remembered for his reform efforts in regards to biology education; as a zoologist, he specialized in research of copepods
Feb 5 Jackson Showalter a five-time U.S. Chess Champion: 1890, 1892, 1892–1894, 1895-1896 and 1906–1909
Feb 10 Helen Bosanquet an English social theorist and social reformer.
Feb 11 Rachilde the pen name of Marguerite Vallette-Eymery , a French author who was born near Périgueux, Dordogne, Aquitaine, France during the Second French Empire.
Feb 11 Karl Denke a serial killer from Germany.
Feb 13 Nienke van Hichtum a well-known Frisian Dutch children's author. From 1888 to 1904, she was married to famous politician Pieter Jelles Troelstra
Feb 14 Eugen Schiffer a German lawyer and liberal politician. He served as Minister of Finance and deputy head of government from February to April 1919. From October 1919 to March 1920, he was again deputy head of government and Minister of Justice. In 1921, he once more became Minister of Justice. Schiffer was co-founder of two liberal parties, the German Democratic Party in 1918/19 and the Liberal Democratic Party of Germany in 1946
Feb 14 Waldemar Lindgren a Swedish-American geologist. Lindgren was one of the founders of modern economic geology
Feb 14 Daniel Berkeley Updike an American printer and historian of typography. In 1880 he joined the publishers Houghton, Mifflin & Company, of Boston as an errand boy. He worked for the firm's Riverside Press and trained as a printer but soon moved to typographic design. In 1896 he founded the Merrymount Press
Feb 16 Jean-Baptiste Chabot a Roman Catholic secular priest and the leading French Syriac scholar in the first half of the twentieth century.
Feb 17 Tom Seeberg a Norwegian rifle shooter who competed in the early 20th century in rifle shooting. He participated in Shooting at the 1900 Summer Olympics in Paris and won the silver medal with the Norwegian Military Rifle team
Feb 18 Anders Zorn one of Sweden’s foremost artists. He obtained international success as a painter, sculptor and printmaker in etching
Feb 20 Karl Mantzius a Danish stage and film actor, theater director, film director and writer. Son of the actor Kristian Mantzius, he first played small roles in amateur comedy plays at the Court Theatre in Copenhagen, including 'Vielgeschrey' of Den stundeslØse by Ludvig Holberg, which brought him so much success that the theater manager Edvard Fallesen advised him to become an actor. His last performance was as Petermann in Det gamle Hjem. on 28 April 1921
Feb 20 Alexey Favorsky a Soviet/Russian chemist.
Feb 20 Paul Margueritte born in French Algeria, the son of General Jean Auguste Margueritte , who was mortally wounded in the Battle of Sedan. An account of his life was published by Paul Margueritte as Mon père. Paul's name is generally associated with that of his brother, Victor, because of their frequent collaboration
Feb 20 Mathias Lerch an eminent Czech mathematician who published about 250 papers, largely on mathematical analysis and number theory. He studied in Prague and Berlin, and held teaching positions at the Czech Technical Institute in Prague, the University of Fribourg in Switzerland, the Czech Technical Institute in Brno, and Masaryk University in Brno; he was the first mathematics professor at Masaryk University when it was founded in 1920. In 1900, he was awarded the Grand Prize of the French Academy of Sciences for his number-theoretic work. The Lerch zeta-function is named after him as is the Appell–Lerch sum
Feb 21 Karel Matěj Čapek-Chod a Czech naturalistic writer and a journalist.
Feb 21 Goscombe John Sir William Goscombe John R.A. was a Welsh sculptor
Feb 23 Joseph Cowgill an English prelate of the Roman Catholic Church. He served as the third Bishop of Leeds
Feb 23 William Louis Abbott an American medical doctor, explorer, ornithologist and field naturalist. He complied prodigious collections of biological specimens and ethnological artefacts from around the world, especially from Maritime Southeast Asia, and was a significant financial supporter of the United States National Museum collecting expeditions
Feb 24 Max Waller (writer) a Belgian poet, critic, novelist, and playwright, best known under his pseudonym, Max Waller.
Feb 25 Robert Emil Hansen a Danish composer and cellist. He was the brother of Agnes Adler
Feb 25 William Ashley (economic historian) an influential English economic historian. His greatest work of note is The Economic Organisation of England, still a set text on many A-level and University syllabuses
Feb 27 Vardges Sureniants an Armenian painter, sculptor, illustrator, translator, art critic, and theater artist. He is considered the founder of Armenian historical painting. His paintings feature scenes from Armenian fairy-tales and various historical events. Although Sureniants had one exhibition dedicated to his works in his lifetime, he was admired by many of his contemporaries which include many well-known figures in Russian and Armenian society including Martiros Saryan, Ilya Repin, and Vladimir Stasov