Died in 1860

Jan 5 John Neumann Nepomucene Neumann, C.Ss.R. was a native of Bohemia who emigrated to the United States, where he became a Catholic priest, Redemptorist and the fourth Bishop of Philadelphia. He is the first American bishop to be canonized. While Bishop of Philadelphia, Neumann founded the first Catholic diocesan school system in the United States
Jan 10 Ezequiel Zamora a Venezuelan soldier and leader of the Federalists in the Federal War of 1859-1863. His life was marked by the romanticism that characterized liberals of the time
Jan 13 William Mason (U.S. politician) a United States Representative from New York.
Jan 16 Narcisse Girard a French violinist, conductor and composer.
Jan 27 János Bolyai a Hungarian mathematician, one of the founders of non-Euclidean geometry — a geometry that differs from Euclidean geometry in its definition of parallel lines. The discovery of a consistent alternative geometry that might correspond to the structure of the universe helped to free mathematicians to study abstract concepts irrespective of any possible connection with the physical world
Jan 27 Thomas Brisbane Governor of New South Wales , as recommended by the Duke of Wellington, with whom he had seen military service.
Jan 29 Stéphanie de Beauharnais the consort of Karl, Grand Duke of Baden.
Jan 29 Ernst Moritz Arndt a German patriotic author and poet. Early in his life, he fought for the abolition of serfdom, later against Napoleonic dominance over Germany, and had to flee to Sweden for some time due to his anti-French positions. He is one of the main founders of German nationalism and the movement for German unification. After the Carlsbad Decrees, the forces of the restoration counted him as a demagogue and he was only rehabilitated in 1840
Feb 12 Johann Georg Christian Lehmann a German botanist.
Feb 13 Isaac Baer Levinsohn a notable Russian-Hebrew scholar, satirist, writer and Haskalah leader. He was called "the Russian Mendelssohn". In his Bet Yehudah , he formulated a philosophy and described Jewish contributions to civilization in an effort to promote Judeo-Christian understanding
Feb 16 Stephen Whitney one of the wealthiest merchants in New York City in the first half of the 19th century. His fortune was considered second only to that of John Jacob Astor. As a prominent citizen of the rapidly growing city, he helped to build some of its institutions, including the Merchants' Exchange Building, the first permanent home of the New York stock exchange
Feb 18 Yakov Rostovtsev a leading figure in the formulation of statutes which effectively emancipated the Russian serfs.
Feb 20 Christian Ferdinand Friedrich Hochstetter a German botanist and Protestant minister born in Stuttgart. He was the father of geologist Ferdinand Hochstetter
Feb 20 Edward Hallowell (herpetologist) an American herpetologist and physician.
Feb 25 Chauncey Allen Goodrich an American clergyman, educator and lexicographer. He was the son-in-law of Noah Webster and edited his Dictionary after his father-in-law's death
Feb 25 Friedrich Thiersch a German classical scholar and educationist.
Mar 4 Honoré Charles Reille a Marshal of France, born in Antibes.
Mar 6 Friedrich Dotzauer a German cellist and composer.
Mar 14 Carl Ritter von Ghega the designer of the Semmering Railway from Gloggnitz to Mürzzuschlag. During his time, he was the most prominent of Austrian railway engineers and architects
Mar 14 Louis-Antoine Jullien a French conductor and composer of light music.
Mar 17 Anna Brownell Jameson a British writer.
Mar 24 Ii Naosuke daimyo of Hikone and also Tairō of Tokugawa Shogunate, Japan, a position he held from April 23, 1858 until his death on March 24, 1860. He is most famous for signing the Harris Treaty with the United States, granting access to ports for trade to American merchants and seamen and extraterritoriality to American citizens. He was also an enthusiastic and accomplished practitioner of the Japanese tea ceremony, in the Sekishūryū style, and his writings include at least two works on the tea ceremony
Mar 25 James Braid (surgeon) a Scottish surgeon and "gentleman scientist". He was a significant innovator in the treatment of club-foot and an important and influential pioneer of hypnotism and hypnotherapy. He is regarded by many as the first genuine "hypnotherapist" and the "Father of Modern Hypnotism"
Mar 25 Julia Pastrana a woman born with hypertrichosis, who took part in 19th-century exhibition tours in North America and Europe. Pastrana, an indigenous woman from Mexico, was born in 1834, somewhere in the Sierra of Sinaloa State. She was born with a genetic condition, hypertrichosis terminalis ; her face and body were covered with straight black hair. Her ears and nose were unusually large, and her teeth were irregular. The latter condition was caused by a rare disease, undiagnosed in her lifetime, Gingival hyperplasia, which thickened her lips and gums. Charles Darwin described her as: "Julia Pastrana, a Spanish dancer, was a remarkably fine woman, but she had a thick masculine beard and a hairy forehead; she was photographed, and her stuffed skin was exhibited as a show; but what concerns us is, that she had in both the upper and lower jaw an irregular double set of teeth, one row being placed within the other, of which Purland took a cast. From the redundancy of the teeth her mouth projected, and her face had a gorilla-like appearance"
Apr 6 James Kirke Paulding an American writer and, for a time, the United States Secretary of the Navy.
Apr 8 István Széchenyi a Hungarian politician, theorist and writer, one of the greatest statesmen of Hungarian history. István is a Hungarian name equivalent of the name Stephen
Apr 11 Camille Alphonse Trézel a French général de division, Minister for War and peer of France during the July Monarchy. He was Assistant Chief of the General Staff on the Morea expedition, and served in the 1830s in the French conquest of Algeria, where he suffered a disastrous defeat at the Battle of Macta
Apr 14 Eduard Friedrich Eversmann a biologist and explorer.
Apr 16 Bartolomeo Borghesi an Italian antiquarian who was a key figure in establishing the science of numismatics.
Apr 19 Karol Podczaszyński a Polish architect, a representative of the neoclassical architecture and a professor of the Imperial University of Vilna, as well as one of the pioneers of industrial design.
Apr 24 Konstanty Adam Czartoryski a Polish szlachcic. Colonel since 1809 in the Duchy of Warsaw and Brigadier General since 1815 in Congress Poland
Apr 26 Theoklitos Farmakidis a Greek scholar and journalist. He was a notable figure of the Modern Greek Enlightenment
May 1 Giacomo Panizza conductor at La Scala, Milan for 13 years, during which time, he composed two operas and thirteen ballets.
May 1 Anders Sandøe Ørsted a Danish politician and jurist. He served as the Prime Minister of Denmark in 1853-1854
May 5 Jean-Charles Prince a Canadian Roman Catholic priest, teacher, seminary administrator, editor, and Bishop of Saint-Hyacinthe from 1852 to 1860.
May 8 Horace Hayman Wilson an English orientalist. He studied medicine at St Thomas's Hospital, and went out to India in 1808 as assistant-surgeon on the Bengal establishment of the British East India Company. His knowledge of metallurgy caused him to be attached to the mint at Calcutta, where he was for a time associated with John Leyden
May 12 Charles Barry an English architect, best known for his role in the rebuilding of the Palace of Westminster in London during the mid-19th century, but also responsible for numerous other buildings and gardens. He is known for his major contribution to the use of Italianate architecture in Britain, especially the use of the Palazzo as basis for the design of country houses, city mansions and public buildings. He also developed the Italian Renaissance garden style for the many gardens he designed around country houses
May 13 Christian Gmelin a German chemist.
May 14 Ludwig Bechstein a German writer and collector of folk fairy tales.
May 19 Philippe Le Bas a French hellenist, archaeologist and translator. He was the son of Philippe Le Bas and Elisabeth Duplay, the daughter of Robespierre's landlord Maurice Duplay. He was only 6 weeks old when his father committed suicide on Robespierre's fall on 27 July 1794 in the Thermidorian Reaction
May 21 Phineas Gage an American railroad construction foreman remembered for his improbable:19 survival of a rock-blasting accident in which a large iron rod was driven completely through his head, destroying much of his brain's left frontal lobe, and for that injury's reported effects on his personality and behavior over the remaining twelve years of his life—​effects so profound that friends saw him as "no longer Gage.".
May 25 Abramo Bartolommeo Massalongo an Italian paleobotanist and lichenologist. He was born in Tregnago in the Province of Verona and took a great interest in botany as a young man. Massalongo joined the faculty of medicine at the University of Padua in 1844. Along with Gustav Wilhelm Körber, he founded the "Italian-Silesian" school of lichenology. He was the husband of Maria Colognato and the father of hepaticalogist Caro Benigno Massalongo
May 31 Peter Vivian Daniel an American jurist who served as an Associate Justice on the Supreme Court of the United States.
Jun 1 José María Melo a Colombian general and politician of Pijao ancestry, who fought in the South American wars of independence, and who in 1854 rose to power and held the presidency of Colombia.
Jun 5 Samuel D. Ingham a U.S. Congressman and U.S. Treasury Secretary under President Andrew Jackson
Jun 10 Alexandre Ferdinand Parseval-Deschenes a French admiral and senator.
Jun 16 Daniel Chonkadze a Georgian novelist primarily known for his resonant novella Suramis tsikhe.
Jun 21 Mykola Markevych a Ukrainian musician, composer, historian, ethnographer, and poet.
Jun 24 Jérôme Bonaparte the youngest brother of Napoleon I and served as Jerome I, King of Westphalia between 1807 and 1813. After 1848, when his nephew, Louis Napoleon, became President of the second French Republic, he served in several official roles, being created first Prince of Montfort
Jun 25 Pōtatau Te Wherowhero a Māori warrior, leader of the Waikato iwi , the first Māori King and founder of the Te Wherowhero royal dynasty. He was first known just as Te Wherowhero and took the name Pōtatau after he became king in 1858. As disputes over land grew more severe Te Wherowhero found himself increasingly at odds with the Government and its policies