1860 events in history

Jan 1 First Polish stamp is issued
Jan 2 The discovery of the planet Vulcan is announced at a meeting of the French Academy of Sciences in Paris, France
Feb 27 Abraham Lincoln makes a speech at Cooper Union in the city of New York that is largely responsible for his election to the Presidency
Mar 5 Parma, Tuscany, Modena and Romagna vote in referendums to join the Kingdom of Sardinia
Mar 17 The First Taranaki War begins in Taranaki, New Zealand, a major phase of the New Zealand land wars
Mar 24 Sakuradamon incident: Assassination of Japanese Chief Minister (Tairō) Ii Naosuke
Mar 28 First Taranaki War: The Battle of Waireka begins
Apr 3 The first successful United States Pony Express run from Saint Joseph, Missouri, to Sacramento, California, begins
Apr 6 The Reorganized Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints—later renamed Community of Christ—is organized by Joseph Smith III and others at Amboy, Illinois
Apr 9 On his phonautograph machine, Édouard-Léon Scott de Martinville makes the oldest known recording of an audible human voice
Apr 14 The first Pony Express rider reaches San Francisco. The pony riders carried additionally, along with the mail, a small personal bible
May 3 Charles XV of Sweden–Norway is crowned king of Sweden
May 5 Giuseppe Garibaldi sets sail from Genoa, leading the expedition of the Thousand to conquer the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies and giving birth to the Kingdom of Italy
May 18 Abraham Lincoln wins the Republican Party presidential nomination over William H. Seward, who later becomes the United States Secretary of State
May 27 Giuseppe Garibaldi begins his attack on Palermo, Sicily, as part of the Italian Unification
Jun 12 The State Bank of the Russian Empire is established
Jun 23 The United States Congress establishes the Government Printing Office
Jun 30 The 1860 Oxford evolution debate at the Oxford University Museum of Natural History takes place
Aug 3 The Second Maori War begins in New Zealand
Aug 5 Charles XV of Sweden of Sweden-Norway is crowned king of Norway in Trondheim
Sep 7 Italian re-unification: Garibaldi enters Naples
Sep 8 The steamship Lady Elgin sinks on Lake Michigan, with the loss of around 300 lives
Sep 20 The Prince of Wales (later King Edward VII of the United Kingdom) visits the United States
Sep 21 Second Opium War: an Anglo-French force defeats Chinese troops at the Battle of Palikao
Sep 30 Britain's first tram service begins in Birkenhead, Merseyside
Oct 8 Telegraph line between Los Angeles and San Francisco opens
Oct 10 The original cornerstone of the University of the South is laid in Sewanee, Tennessee
Oct 17 First The Open Championship (referred to in North America as the British Open)
Oct 18 The Second Opium War finally ends at the Convention of Peking with the ratification of the Treaty of Tientsin, an unequal treaty
Oct 26 Meeting of Teano. Giuseppe Garibaldi, conqueror of the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies, gives it to King Victor Emmanuel II of Italy
Dec 20 South Carolina becomes the first state to attempt to secede from the United States
Dec 26 The first ever inter-club association football match takes place between Hallam F.C. and Sheffield F.C. at the Sandygate Road ground in Sheffield, England, United Kingdom
Dec 29 The first British seagoing ironclad warship, HMS Warrior is launched