Born in 1861

Jan 1 Jacques-Émile Blanche a French artist.
Jan 2 Wilhelm Bölsche a German author, editor and publicist.
Jan 3 William Renshaw a former World 1 British tennis player active during the late 19th century. He was one of the most successful male players in the history of the Wimbledon Championships, winning the singles title a record seven times. Additionally he won the doubles title five times together with his brother Ernest. The right-hander was known for his power and technical ability which put him ahead of competition at the time. He was the first president of the British Lawn Tennis Association
Jan 3 Ernest Renshaw a former World 1 English tennis player.
Jan 4 Ludwig von Sarnthein an Austrian government administrator and botanist.
Jan 6 János Zsupánek a Slovene writer and poet in Hungary, son of the poet and writer Mihály Zsupánek. His son Vilmos Zsupánek was also a writer and poet. The three Zsupáneks few old hymn not down for prosterity and wrote also new hymns and poems in Prekmurian language
Jan 6 George Lloyd (bishop of Saskatchewan) an Anglican bishop and theologian who helped found Lloydminster, a city that straddles the border between the provinces of Alberta and Saskatchewan in Canada. He served as Bishop of Saskatchewan between the years 1922 and 1931
Jan 6 Victor Horta a Belgian architect and designer. John Julius Norwich described him as "undoubtedly the key European Art Nouveau architect." Horta is considered one of the most important names in Art Nouveau architecture. With the construction of his Hôtel Tassel in Brussels in 1892-3, he is sometimes credited as the first to introduce the style to architecture from the decorative arts. Additionally, the French architect Hector Guimard was deeply influenced by Horta and further spread the "whiplash" style that Horta purported in France and abroad
Jan 12 James Mark Baldwin an American philosopher and psychologist who was educated at Princeton under the supervision of Scottish philosopher James McCosh and who was one of the founders of the Department of Psychology at the university. He made important contributions to early psychology, psychiatry, and to the theory of evolution
Jan 13 Max Nonne a German neurologist.
Jan 15 Vasily Andreyev considered the father of the academic folk instrument movement in Eastern Europe. His accomplishments included:
Jan 15 Saint-Pol-Roux a French Symbolist poet.
Jan 20 Mikhail Aleksandrovich Stakhovich a Russian politician.
Jan 20 Aleksandr Leonidovich Vishnevsky a Russian actor and one of the founding members of the Moscow Art Theatre.
Jan 21 Petr G. Krawtzoff an officer of the Russian Imperial Army and Major General of the Don Army. During the First World War he was a commander of the Sixteenth Special Don Cossack Regiment, and after his promotion to Major General from April 1917 to January 1918 Commander of the 3rd Don Cossack Division
Jan 26 Louis Anquetin a French painter.
Jan 27 Constantin Prezan a Romanian general during World War I and a Marshal of Romania afterward.
Jan 28 Julián Felipe the composer of the music of the Filipino national anthem, formerly known as "Marcha Nacional Magdalo", now known as Lupang Hinirang.
Jan 30 Wilhelm Meyer-Lübke a Swiss philologist of the Neogrammarian school of linguistics.
Jan 30 Charles Martin Loeffler a German-born American violinist and composer.
Feb 1 Robert Sterling Yard an American writer, journalist, and wilderness activist. Born in Haverstraw, New York, Yard graduated from Princeton University and spent the first twenty years of his career in the editing and publishing business. In 1915, he was recruited by his friend Stephen Mather to help publicize the need for an independent national park agency. Their numerous publications were part of a movement that resulted in legislative support for a National Park Service in 1916. Yard served as head of the National Parks Educational Committee for several years after its conception, but tension within the NPS led him to concentrate on non-government initiatives. He became executive secretary of the National Parks Association in 1919
Feb 1 Carlos Meléndez (politician) born in San Salvador, El Salvador to Rafael Meléndez and Mercedes Ramírez. He was President of El Salvador 9 February 1913 - 29 August 1914 and 1 March 1915 - 21 December 1918. He was the older brother of president Jorge Meléndez
Feb 2 Mehmed VI the 36th and last Sultan of the Ottoman Empire, reigning from 1918 to 1922. The brother of Mehmed V, he succeeded to the throne as the eldest male member of the House of Osman after the 1916 suicide of Abdülaziz's son Yusuf Izzettin Efendi, the heir to the throne. He was girded with the Sword of Osman on 4 June 1918, as the thirty-sixth padishah. His father was Sultan Abdülmecid I and mother was Gülüstü , an ethnic Abkhazian, daughter of Prince Tahir Bey Çaçba and his wife Afişe Lakerba, originally named Fatma Çaçba. Mehmed was removed from the throne when the Ottoman sultanate was abolished in 1922
Feb 2 Solomon R. Guggenheim an American businessman, art collector, and philanthropist. He is best known for establishing the Solomon Guggenheim Foundation and the Solomon Guggenheim Museum in New York City
Feb 3 Alexander Maunder a British sport shooter who competed at the 1908 Summer Olympics and the 1912 Summer Olympics.
Feb 6 Nikolay Zelinsky Dimitrievich Zelinsky , Russian and Soviet chemist, academician of the Academy of Sciences of USSR.
Feb 10 Matija Murko a Slovene scholar, known mostly for his work on oral epic traditions in Serbian, Bosnian and Croatian.
Feb 10 James Mooney an American ethnographer who lived for several years among the Cherokee. He did major studies of Southeastern Indians, as well as those on the Great Plains. His most notable works were his ethnographic studies of the Ghost Dance after Sitting Bull's death in 1890, a widespread 19th-century religious movement among various Native American culture groups, and the Cherokee: The Sacred Formulas of the Cherokees , and Myths of the Cherokee , all published by the US Bureau of American Ethnology. Artifacts from Mooney are in the collections of the Department of Anthropology, National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution and the Department of Anthropology, Field Museum of Natural History. Papers and photographs from Mooney are in the collections of the National Anthropological Archives, Department of Anthropology, Smithsonian Institution
Feb 10 Carl Grünberg a German Marxist philosopher. He was the first director of the Institute for Social Research, later known as the Frankfurt School. He established and edited a journal of labour and socialist history today known as Grünbergs Archiv. He retired in 1929 and left the Institute to Max Horkheimer
Feb 11 Jurji Zaydan a prolific Lebanese novelist, journalist, editor and teacher most noted for his creation of the journal al-Hilal, which he used to serialize his 23 historical novels.
Feb 12 Lou Andreas-Salomé a Russian-born psychoanalyst and author. Her diverse intellectual interests led to friendships with a broad array of distinguished western thinkers, including Nietzsche, Freud, and Rilke
Feb 14 Andrew C. McLaughlin an American historian born to Scottish immigrant parents.
Feb 15 Martin Burns an American world champion "catch-as-catch-can" wrestler as well as wrestling coach and teacher. Born in Cedar County, Iowa he started wrestling as a teenager and made money traveling around the Midwest wrestling in carnivals and fairs. As a professional he claimed the American Heavyweight Championship by defeating Evan "Strangler" Lewis in 1895 and held the title for two years. Martin Burns himself claimed to have wrestled in more than 6,000 matches and is said to have lost only seven. After the end of his active wrestling career he started a successful wrestling school in Omaha and later coached Cedar Rapids' Washington high school to the very first Iowa high school state wrestling tournament title. He died in Council Bluffs in 1937. In 2001 Martin "Farmer" Burns was inducted into the International Wrestling Institute and Museum Hall of Fame. He was also inducted into the Wrestling Observer Newsletter Hall of Fame in 2002. The Professional Wrestling Hall of Fame inducted Martin Burns in 2003
Feb 15 Halford Mackinder regarded as one of the founding fathers of both geopolitics and geostrategy.
Feb 15 Alfred North Whitehead an English mathematician and philosopher. He is best known as the defining figure of the philosophical school known as process philosophy, which today has found application to a wide variety of disciplines, including ecology, theology, education, physics, biology, economics, and psychology, among other areas
Feb 15 Charles Édouard Guillaume a Swiss physicist who received the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1920 in recognition of the service he had rendered to precision measurements in physics by his discovery of anomalies in nickel steel alloys.
Feb 16 Antonietta Dell'Era an Italian prima ballerina best known for originating the role of the Sugar Plum Fairy in Tchaikovsky's ballet, The Nutcracker. The Petersberg premiere sold out. She received five curtain calls and good reviews. Modest Tchaikovsky described her as "pudgy and unattractive". From 1879 until 1909, Dell'Era had a successful career at the Berlin Opera, being adored by many critics and writers, among them Theodor Fontane. Between 1886 and 1894, she also performed in Russia, mainly in Petersberg, along with the "Italian Invasion" - an influx of talented Italian dancers to Russia that included Pierina Legnani, Enrico Cecchetti, and Virginia Zucchi
Feb 17 Princess Helena of Waldeck and Pyrmont the daughter of George Victor, Prince of Waldeck and Pyrmont and his wife Princess Helena of Nassau.
Feb 21 Charles Vere Ferrers Townshend a British Army officer who led the ultimately disastrous first British Expedition against Baghdad during the First World War, and was later elected to Parliament.
Feb 22 Katō Tomosaburō a career officer in the Imperial Japanese Navy, cabinet minister, and Prime Minister of Japan from 12 June 1922 to 24 August 1923.
Feb 22 Anastasiya Verbitskaya a Russian novelist, playwright, screenplay writer, publisher and feminist.
Feb 22 Zoltán Ambrus a Hungarian writer and translator. He completed gymnasium in Debrecen and Budapest and then studied law in Budapest. At the age of 18, his father died leaving him responsible for his family. He tutored and wrote theater criticism and articles for such publications as Pesti Napló, Fővárosi Lapok, and Budapesti Szemle. In 1885, he moved to Paris where he studied literature at the Collège de France and the Sorbonne. He became a contributor to A Hét upon his return to Pest and wrote a substantial quantity of short stories. In 1900, he became editor of Új Magyar Szemle, and wrote some pieces for Nyugat, as well as serving as director of the National Theater
Feb 25 Santiago Rusiñol a Spanish painter, poet, and playwright. He was one of the leaders of the Catalan modernisme movement
Feb 25 Feodor Yulievich Levinson-Lessing a Russian geologist.
Feb 25 Meir Dizengoff a Zionist politician and the first mayor of Tel Aviv.
Feb 26 Ferdinand I of Bulgaria the ruler of Bulgaria from 1887 to 1918, first as knyaz and later as tsar. He was also an author, botanist, entomologist and philatelist
Feb 27 Prince Carl Duke of Västergötland the third son of King Oscar II of Sweden-Norway and Sophia of Nassau.
Mar 1 Herbert Sharpe a British pianist, composer and music professor of the late 19th and early 20th centuries. He studied piano at the Royal College of Music in London later becoming professor there. He composed songs, chamber music and orchestral pieces. He was one of the founding professors of the Royal College of Music
Mar 1 Andrew Anderson (draughts) a champion draught-player from Scotland. He was a stocking weaver by trade, and continued to work at his business until within a short period of his death, which occurred at Braidwood, near Carluke, Lanarkshire, 1 March 1861. He published ‘The Game of Draughts simplified and illustrated with practical diagrams,’ Lanark, 1848; second edition, Glasgow, 1852—a work which was regarded as an authority on the subject of which it treats. A third edition, revised and extended by Robert McCulloch, was published at Glasgow and New York City in 1878
Mar 3 Racho Petrov a leading Bulgarian general and politician.