Born in 1862

Jan 1 Cecilio Báez provisional President of Paraguay from December 8, 1905 to November 25, 1906. He was a member of the Liberal Party
Jan 2 Mikhail Dolivo-Dobrovolsky a Russian engineer, electrician, and inventor. Born in a mixed family between a Polish noble family originating from Mazowsze, and a Russian noble family. Emigrated to Germany due to political persecution after the assassination of Alexander II of Russia. He studied at the Darmstadt University of Technology in Germany. From 1887 he worked for AEG
Jan 3 Matthew Nathan a British soldier and civil servant, who variously served as the Governor of Sierra Leone, Gold Coast, Hong Kong, Natal and Queensland. He was Under-Secretary for Ireland from 1914 to 1916, and was responsible, with the Chief Secretary, Augustine Birrell, for co-ordinating the British response to the Easter Rising in Ireland
Jan 8 Charles Eliot (diplomat) a British knight diplomat, colonial administrator and botanist. He served as Commissioner of British East Africa in 1900–1904. He was British Ambassador to Japan in 1919–1925
Jan 8 Frank Nelson Doubleday known to friends and family as “Effendi”, founded the eponymous Doubleday & McClure Company in 1897, which later operated under other names. Starting work at the age of 14 after his father's business failed, Doubleday began with Charles Scribner's Sons in New York
Jan 11 Joseph Nelson Rose an American botanist. He was born in Union County, Indiana. His father died serving during the Civil War when Joseph Rose was a young boy. He later graduated from high school in Liberty, Indiana
Jan 13 Prince Arisugawa Takehito the 10th head of a cadet branch of the Japanese imperial family and a career officer in the Imperial Japanese Navy.
Jan 15 Loie Fuller a pioneer of both modern dance and theatrical lighting techniques.
Jan 21 Valerian Gunia a Georgian dramatist, actor, director, critic, and translator. His contribution to the Georgian scene won him the title of People's Artist in 1934
Jan 22 Vito Cascioferro a prominent member of the Sicilian Mafia. He also operated for several years in the United States. He is often depicted as the "boss of bosses", although such a position does not exist in the loose structure of Cosa Nostra in Sicily
Jan 22 Arsenius (Stadnitsky) a Russian Orthodox prelate who helped lead the church in the late Imperial and early Soviet periods. He was a member of the Holy Governing Synod from 1906 and a candidate for Patriarch of All Rus' in 1917
Jan 23 David Hilbert a German mathematician. He is recognized as one of the most influential and universal mathematicians of the 19th and early 20th centuries. Hilbert discovered and developed a broad range of fundamental ideas in many areas, including invariant theory and the axiomatization of geometry. He also formulated the theory of Hilbert spaces, one of the foundations of functional analysis
Jan 24 Edith Wharton a Pulitzer Prize-winning American novelist, short story writer, and designer. She was nominated for the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1927, 1928 and 1930. Wharton combined her insider's view of America's privileged classes with a brilliant, natural wit to write humorous, incisive novels and short stories of social and psychological insight. She was well acquainted with many of her era's other literary and public figures, including Theodore Roosevelt
Jan 24 Prince Alfons of Bavaria a member of the Bavarian Royal House of Wittelsbach and a General of Cavalry.
Jan 26 E. H. Moore an American mathematician.
Jan 27 Eustaquio de Escandón a Mexican polo player in the 1900 Summer Olympics.
Jan 29 Frederick Delius an English composer. Born in the north of England to a prosperous mercantile family, he resisted attempts to recruit him to commerce. He was sent to Florida in the United States in 1884 to manage an orange plantation. There he soon neglected his managerial duties, and in 1886 returned to Europe. Having been influenced by African-American music during his short stay in Florida, he began composing. After a brief period of formal musical study in Germany beginning in 1886, he embarked on a full-time career as a composer in Paris and then in nearby Grez-sur-Loing, where he and his wife Jelka lived for the rest of their lives, except during the First World War
Jan 30 Walter Damrosch a German-born American conductor and composer. He is best remembered today as long-time director of the New York Symphony Orchestra and for conducting the world premiere performances of George Gershwin's Piano Concerto in F , and An American in Paris
Feb 2 Émile Coste a French fencer who competed in the late 19th century and early 20th century. He participated in Fencing at the 1900 Summer Olympics in Paris and won the gold medal in the foil, defeating fellow French fencer Henri Masson in the final
Feb 2 Antoni Maria Alcover i Sureda a modernist Majorcan writer, who wrote on a wide range of subjects including the Catholic Church, folklore and linguistics. He is chiefly associated with efforts to revive interest in the Catalan language and its dialects. Among his works was a Catalan-Valencian-Balearic dictionary
Feb 3 James Clark McReynolds an American lawyer and judge who served as United States Attorney General under President Woodrow Wilson and as an Associate Justice of the United States Supreme Court. He served on the Court from October 12, 1914 to his retirement on January 31, 1941, and was known for his conservative opinions opposing much of President Franklin Roosevelt's New Deal legislation
Feb 3 Joaquín Dicenta a Spanish journalist, novelist, playwright and poet. His 1895 play Juan José was the second-most performed in the Spanish repertory between then and 1939
Feb 4 Hjalmar Hammarskjöld a Swedish politician, scholar, cabinet minister, Member of Parliament from 1923 to 1938 , and Prime Minister of Sweden from 1914 to 1917.
Feb 5 Aleksander Kakowski a Polish politician and member of the Regency Council, and as Cardinal Archbishop of Warsaw was the last titular Primate of the Kingdom of Poland, before Poland regained its independence in 1918.
Feb 6 Joseph Friedrich Nicolaus Bornmüller a German botanist born in Hildburghausen, Thuringia.
Feb 7 Edward Granville Browne a British orientalist. He published numerous articles and books, mainly in the areas of history and literature
Feb 8 Károly Ferenczy a Hungarian painter and leading member of the Nagybánya artists' colony.
Feb 12 Alexandru Davila a Romanian dramatist, diplomat, public administrator, and memoirist.
Feb 14 Agnes Pockels a German pioneer in chemistry. Her work was fundamental in establishing the modern discipline known as surface science, which describes the properties of liquid and solid surfaces
Feb 15 Savva Timofeyevich Morozov a Russian businessman and philanthropist.
Feb 17 Eduard Bornhöhe an Estonian writer.
Feb 17 Eugen Schmidt a Danish shooter, athlete, and tug of war competitor. He competed at the 1896 Summer Olympics in Athens and at the 1900 Summer Olympics in Paris
Feb 17 Mori Ōgai a Japanese Army Surgeon general officer, translator, novelist and poet. Gan is considered his major work
Feb 18 Charles M. Schwab an American steel magnate. Under his leadership, Bethlehem Steel became the second largest steel maker in the United States, and one of the most important heavy manufacturers in the world
Feb 19 Lev Kekushev a Russian architect, notable for his Art Nouveau buildings in Moscow, built in the 1890s and early 1900s in the original, Franco-Belgian variety of this style. Kekushev's buildings are notable for his skillful use of metal ornaments and his signature with a lion ornament or sculpture
Feb 27 Anastasios Metaxas a Greek architect and shooter.
Feb 28 Edwin Sidney Savage an English cleric.
Mar 2 Boris Borisovich Galitzine a prominent Russian physicist who invented the first electromagnetic seismograph in 1906. He was one of the founders of modern Seismology. In 1911 he was chosen to be the president of the International Seismology Association. He was a plenary speaker on the International Congress of mathematicians in Cambridge 1912 He belonged to the Galitzine family, one of the leading noble houses of Imperial Russia
Mar 2 John Jay Chapman an American author.
Mar 5 Siegbert Tarrasch one of the strongest chess players and most influential chess teachers of the late 19th century and early 20th century.
Mar 6 Alfred Douglas-Hamilton 13th Duke of Hamilton a Scottish nobleman and sailor.
Mar 7 Josef Strzygowski a Polish-Austrian art historian known for his theories promoting influences from the art of the Near East on European art, for example that of Early Christian Armenian architecture on the early Medieval architecture of Europe, outlined in his book, Die Baukunst der Armenier und Europa. He is considered a member of the Vienna School of Art History
Mar 9 Sidney Frederic Harmer a British zoologist. He was President of the Linnean Society 1927-1931 and was awarded the Linnean Medal in 1934
Mar 9 Mykola Pymonenko a Ukrainian painter. One of the most eminent Ukrainian genre painters Pymonenko was widely acclaimed in the Russian Empire; A member of the Imperial Academy of Arts since 1904 and of a progressive Peredvizhniki artistic movement and the turn of the century
Mar 9 Georges-Fernand Widal a French physician.
Mar 13 Paul Prosper Henrys a French general.
Mar 14 Vilhelm Bjerknes a Norwegian physicist and meteorologist who did much to found the modern practice of weather forecasting.
Mar 15 Alejandro Sawa a Spanish bohemian novelist, poet, and journalist.
Mar 16 Wil van Gogh the youngest sister of the artist Vincent van Gogh and the art dealer Theo van Gogh. She was amongst the earliest feminists
Mar 16 Reuben Brainin a Russian Jewish publicist, biographer and literary critic.