Died in 1862

Jan 1 Mikhail Ostrogradsky a Ukrainian mathematician, mechanician and physicist. Ostrogradsky is considered to be a disciple of Leonhard Euler and one of the leading mathematicians of Imperial Russia
Jan 4 John Hemphill (senator) Chief Justice of the Texas Supreme Court, and a United States Senator.
Jan 9 Pauline-Marie Jaricot a French laywoman, the foundress of the Society of the Propagation of the Faith and the Living Rosary Association.
Jan 10 Samuel Colt an American inventor and industrialist from Hartford, Connecticut. He founded Colt's Patent Fire-Arms Manufacturing Company , and made the mass production of the revolver commercially viable
Jan 16 Denis Zubrytsky the first Ukrainian historian in Galicia and a major early figure in the Galician Russophile movement.
Jan 18 John Tyler the tenth President of the United States. He was elected vice president on the 1840 Whig ticket with William Henry Harrison, and became president after his running mate's death in April 1841. Tyler was known as a supporter of states' rights, which endeared him to his fellow Virginians, yet his acts as president showed that he was willing to support nationalist policies as long as they did not infringe on the rights of the states. Still, the circumstances of his unexpected rise to the presidency and his possible threat to the ambitions of other potential presidential candidates left him estranged from both major parties in Washington. A firm believer in manifest destiny, President Tyler sought to strengthen and preserve the Union through territorial expansion, most notably the annexation of the independent Republic of Texas in his last days in office
Jan 21 Božena Němcová a Czech writer of the final phase of the Czech National Revival movement.
Jan 23 Willem Hendrik de Vriese a Dutch botanist and physician born in Oosterhout, North Brabant.
Jan 24 Zinaida Volkonskaya a Russian writer, poet, singer, composer, salonist and lady in waiting.
Jan 26 Marie Melchior Joseph Théodore de Lagrené a French legislator and diplomat, who hailed from an old family from Picardie. He joined the French diplomatic service at a young age and served in the foreign ministry under Mathieu de Montmorency and accompanied him to the Congress of Verona in 1822. The following year, Lagrené became an envoy at the French embassy in Russia and he subsequently fulfilled the same function at the French embassy in Constantinople. In 1828, he obtained the rank of ambassador while serving at the French embassy in Madrid. Lagrené remained in office after the establishment of the July Monarchy in 1830 and held a number of prominent position in the French foreign service
Feb 2 Rudolph Suhrlandt a German portrait painter and lithographer.
Feb 3 Jean-Baptiste Biot a French physicist, astronomer, and mathematician who established the reality of meteorites, made an early balloon flight, and studied the polarization of light. Biot also discovered the mineral biotite
Feb 3 Carl Ludwig Blume a German-Dutch botanist.
Feb 5 Ignaz Franz Castelli an Austrian dramatist born in Vienna. He studied law at the university, and then entered the government service
Feb 7 Francisco de Paula Martínez de la Rosa y Berdejo a Spanish statesman and dramatist.
Feb 7 František Škroup a Czech composer and conductor. His brother Jan Nepomuk Škroup was also a successful composer and his father, Dominik Škroup, and other brother Ignác Škroup were lesser known composers
Feb 11 Elizabeth Siddal an English artists' model, poet and artist. She was painted and drawn extensively by artists of the Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood, including Walter Deverell, William Holman Hunt, John Everett Millais and her husband, Dante Gabriel Rossetti. She featured prominently in Rossetti's early paintings of women
Feb 13 Leopold Schefer born in a small town in Upper Lusatia , only child of a poor country doctor.
Feb 18 Pierre Bretonneau a French medical doctor.
Feb 19 Lucy Yi Zhenmei a Chinese Roman Catholic saint from Mianyang in Sichuan, China. She was born on December 9, 1815, and was the youngest member in her family
Feb 20 William Wallace Lincoln the third son of Abraham Lincoln and Mary Todd Lincoln. He died of an illness at the age of 11. He was named after Mary's brother-in-law William Wallace
Feb 20 Francisco Balagtas widely considered as one of the greatest Filipino literary laureate for his impact on Filipino literature. The famous epic, Florante at Laura, is regarded as his defining work
Feb 21 Justinus Kerner a German poet, practicing physician, and medical writer.
Feb 22 Baron Franz von Pillersdorf an Austrian statesman.
Feb 24 Bernhard Severin Ingemann a Danish novelist and poet.
Feb 24 Franz Jakob Clemens a German Catholic philosopher, a layman who defended the Catholic Church even on theological questions.
Feb 27 Gabriel of Our Lady of Sorrows an Italian Passionist clerical student. Born to a professional family, he gave up ambitions of a secular career to enter the Passionist Congregation. His life in the monastery was not extraordinary, yet he followed the rule of the congregation perfectly and was known for his great devotion to the sorrows of the Virgin Mary. He died from tuberculosis at the age of 24 in Isola del Gran Sasso, in the province of Teramo. He was canonized by Pope Benedict XV in 1920
Mar 1 Peter Barlow (mathematician) an English mathematician and physicist.
Mar 2 Ivan Panaev a Russian writer, literary critic, journalist and magazine publisher.
Mar 3 Princess Augusta Reuss of Köstritz the consort and first wife of Frederick Francis II, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin.
Mar 12 Gustave Vaëz a Belgian playwright, librettist and translator of opera librettos. Born in Brussels, he studied law and earned a doctorate at the State University of Leuven. Since he had no desire to work as a lawyer, he devoted himself to a career as a playwright. He published a large number of plays. His first plays were staged from 1829 to 1834 in Brussels, which he left for Paris to work with librettist Alphonse Royer. Operas where Vaëz was involved as a librettist and translator are Lucia di Lammermoor , La favorite and Rita, ou Le mari battu by Gaetano Donizetti , and Jérusalem by Giuseppe Verdi. He died in Paris on 12 March 1862
Mar 13 Christian Friedrich Lessing a German botanist who was a native of Groß Wartenberg, Niederschlesien. He was a brother to painter Carl Friedrich Lessing , and a grandnephew of poet Gotthold Ephraim Lessing
Mar 15 Hendrik Scheffer a Dutch painter in the Romantic tradition who lived in France for most of his life. In France he is usually known as Henri Scheffer
Mar 16 Joseph Christian Freiherr von Zedlitz an Austrian dramatist and epic poet.
Mar 17 Franz Schlik an Earl and general in the Austrian Empire's army. He was one of the most successful Austrian generals during the Hungarian Revolution of 1848
Mar 17 Jan Adam Kruseman a 19th-century portrait painter from the Northern Netherlands.
Mar 17 Fromental Halévy a French composer. He is known today largely for his opera La Juive
Mar 18 Charles Bird King an American portrait artist, best known for his portrayals of significant Native American leaders and tribesmen.
Mar 19 Friedrich Wilhelm Schadow a German Romantic painter.
Mar 21 Alfred I Prince of Windisch-Grätz a member of the Bohemian noble Windisch-Graetz family, originally from Styria. He started service in the Habsburg imperial army in 1804. As an Austrian army officer he distinguished himself throughout the wars fought by the Habsburg Monarchy in the 19th century
Mar 22 Ludwig von Wallmoden-Gimborn an Austrian "General of the Cavalry", best known for his training of light infantry and the refinement of the Tirailleur system.
Mar 24 Joachim Steetz a German botanist. His herbarium, comprising more than 5000 specimens from over 160 collectors and 50 countries was purchased in 1863 by Victorian Government Botanist Ferdinand von Mueller for the sum of 80 pounds
Mar 26 Uriah P. Levy a naval officer, real estate investor, and philanthropist. He was a veteran of the War of 1812 and the first Jewish Commodore of the United States Navy. He was instrumental in helping to end the Navy's practice of flogging, and during his half-century-long service prevailed against the antisemitism he faced among some of his fellow naval officers
Apr 3 James Clark Ross a British naval officer and explorer remembered today for his exploration of the Arctic with his uncle Sir John Ross and Sir William Parry and, in particular, his own expedition to Antarctica.
Apr 5 Jakob Robert Steiger a Swiss politician and President of the Swiss National Council.
Apr 5 Barend Cornelis Koekkoek a Dutch landscape artist and father of Johannes Hermanus Barend Koekkoek.
Apr 6 Albert Sidney Johnston served as a general in three different armies: the Texian Army, the United States Army, and the Confederate States Army. He saw extensive combat during his military career, fighting actions in the Texas War of Independence, the Mexican-American War, the Utah War, and the American Civil War
Apr 6 Fitz James O'Brien often considered a forerunner of today's science fiction.
Apr 10 W. H. L. Wallace William Hervey Lamme Wallace , more commonly known as W.H.L. Wallace, was a lawyer and a Union general in the American Civil War, considered by Ulysses Grant to be one of the Union's greatest generals
Apr 13 Viktor Nikitich Panin conservative Russian Minister of Justice.