Died in 1863

Jan 4 Roger Hanson a general in the Confederate States Army during the American Civil War. The commander of the famed "Orphan Brigade," he was mortally wounded at the Battle of Murfreesboro. He was nicknamed "Old Flintlock."
Jan 7 Mary Burns a working-class Irish woman, best known as the lifelong partner of Friedrich Engels.
Jan 8 Fyodor Palen a Russian diplomat and administrator.
Jan 10 Lyman Beecher a Presbyterian minister, American Temperance Society co-founder and leader, and the father of 13 children, many of whom became noted figures, including Harriet Beecher Stowe, Henry Ward Beecher, Charles Beecher, Edward Beecher, Isabella Beecher Hooker, Catharine Beecher and Thomas Beecher. He is credited as a leader of the Second Great Awakening of the United States
Jan 15 David Rumph Jones a Confederate general in the American Civil War.
Jan 17 Horace Vernet a French painter of battles, portraits, and Orientalist Arab subjects.
Jan 18 Sa'id of Egypt the Wāli of Egypt and Sudan from 1854 until 1863, officially owing fealty to the Ottoman Sultan but in practice exercising virtual independence. He was the fourth son of Muhammad Ali Pasha. Sa'id was a Francophone, educated in Paris
Jan 18 Mangas Coloradas present-day southwestern New Mexico. He was the father-in-law of the Chiricahua Chief Cochise, the Mimbreño Chief Victorio and the Mescalero Chief Kutbhalla , and is regarded by many historians to be one of the most important native American leaders of the 19th century due to his fighting achievements against Mexicans and Americans
Jan 29 Bear Hunter a Shoshone chief of the Great Basin in the 1860s. He and his Shoshone band were attacked during the Bear River Massacre in an act of Collective Punishment, having allegedly been mistaken for a different, warring band. In 1862, a Californian volunteer infantry led by Patrick Edward Connor established a fort on the Wasatch Range near Salt Lake City. In January 1863, they attacked Bear Hunter's village in an action known as the Bear River Massacre today. Bear Hunter was among those tortured and killed
Feb 4 Giuseppe Lillo an Italian composer. He is best known for his operas which followed in the same vein of Gioachino Rossini. He also produced works for solo piano, a small amount of sacred music, and some chamber music
Feb 5 Jean-Gabriel Eynard a Swiss banker.
Feb 8 Martin Martens a Belgian botanist and chemist born in Maastricht, Netherlands.
Feb 10 Nicholas Longworth (winemaker) born in Newark, New Jersey in 1783. In 1804 he moved to Cincinnati, Ohio, where he became a banker and a successful winemaker as well as founder of the Longworth family in Ohio. Longworth was an influential figure in the early history of American wine, producing sparkling Catawba wine from grapes grown in his Ohio River Valley vineyard
Feb 21 Enrico Marconi an Italian architect who spent most of his life in Congress Poland.
Feb 24 Karl Franzevich Albrecht a German-Russian musician and composer. He was born in Poznań
Feb 25 Laure Cinti-Damoreau a French soprano particularly associated with Rossini roles.
Mar 1 Émile Loubon a French genre painter.
Mar 7 Peter von Meyendorff a Russian diplomat from the Meyendorff family. From 1850 to 1854, he was Russian ambassador to Austria
Mar 11 Sir James Outram 1st Baronet an English general who fought in the Indian Rebellion of 1857.
Mar 14 Princess Maria Augusta of Saxony the daughter of Frederick Augustus I of Saxony and Amalie of Zweibrücken-Birkenfeld.
Mar 17 John Pelham (officer) an artillery officer who served with the Confederate cavalry under J.E.B. Stuart during the American Civil War. Dubbed "The Gallant Pelham" for his military prowess and personal courage, Pelham revolutionized the usage of light artillery as a mobile arm of the cavalry
Mar 20 Ottaviano-Fabrizio Mossotti an Italian physicist exiled from Italy for his liberal ideas. He later taught astronomy and physics at the University of Buenos Aires. His name is associated with a type of multiple-element lens correcting spherical aberration and coma, but not chromatic aberration. The Clausius-Mossotti formula is partly named after him. Mossotti was Chair of Experimental Physics in Buenos Aires and taught numerous Argentinian physicians his views on dielectrics, thereby becoming influential on the Argentine-German neurobiological tradition as regards electricity inside brain tissue, and later on this tradition's models of stationary waves in the interference of neural activity for short-term memory. He returned to Italy, participated in military actions after his age of sixty, and was appointed as Senator. There Mossotti also was influential on Hendrik Lorentz's views on fundamental forces, as well as more than five hundred mathematician students
Mar 21 Edwin Vose Sumner a career United States Army officer who became a Union Army general and the oldest field commander of any Army Corps on either side during the American Civil War. His nicknames "Bull" or "Bull Head" came both from his great booming voice and a legend that a musket ball once bounced off his head
Mar 22 Opothleyahola a Muscogee Creek Indian chief, noted as a brilliant orator. He was a Speaker of the Upper Creek Council and supported traditional culture
Mar 23 William John Burchell an English explorer, naturalist, traveller, artist and author. He was the son of Matthew Burchell, botanist and owner of Fulham Nursery, nine and a half acres of land adjacent to the gardens of Fulham Palace. Burchell served a botanical apprenticeship at Kew and was elected F.L.S. in 1803. At about this time, he became enamoured of a Miss Lucia Green of Fulham, but faced strong disapproval from his parents when he broached the idea of an engagement
Mar 26 Augustus Egg a Victorian artist best known for his modern triptych Past and Present , which depicts the breakup of a middle-class Victorian family.
Mar 26 James Drummond (botanist) a botanist and naturalist who was an early settler in Western Australia.
Mar 30 Auguste Bravais a French physicist known for his work in crystallography, the conception of Bravais lattices, and the formulation of Bravais law. Bravais also studied magnetism, the northern lights, meteorology, geobotany, phyllotaxis, astronomy, and hydrography
Apr 1 José Manuel Restrepo Vélez an investigator of Colombian flora, political figure and historian. The Orchid genus Restrepia was named in his honor
Apr 1 Jakob Steiner a Swiss mathematician who worked primarily in geometry.
Apr 3 Miguel de San Román President of Peru for a brief period between 1862 and 1863.
Apr 3 Heinrich Hübsch a German architect. After studies in Heidelberg and at Friedrich Weinbrenner's school of architecture in Karlsruhe he traveled extensively in Greece and Italy. In 1831 he was appointed Oberbaurat at Karlsruhe. He designed many churches and other public buildings, mainly in the Grand Duchy of Baden, and is also known for his writings
Apr 4 Ludwig Emil Grimm a German painter, art professor, etcher and copper engraver. His brothers were the well-known folklorists Jacob and Wilhelm Grimm
Apr 10 Giovanni Battista Amici an Italian astronomer, microscopist, and botanist.
Apr 10 Dorothea de Ficquelmont a Russian writer and salonist. A granddaughter of the Russian war hero General Prince Kutuzov , she was a Russian aristocrat of German Baltic origin, and later a member of the Austrian nobility as the wife of Count Karl Ludwig von Ficquelmont
Apr 12 Nicolae Vogoride a caimacam who ruled Moldavia between 1857–1858, following the Crimean War.
Apr 12 Stefan Bobrowski a Polish 19th-century politician and an activist for Polish independence. Bobrowski was a participant in the January Uprising and was one of the leaders of the "Red" faction among the insurrectionists as a member of the Central National Committee and the Provisional National Government. He advocated land reform and an end to serfdom in order to rally peasants to the cause, while at the same time he tried to ensure support of the szlachta. He also tried to establish links with potential revolutionaries within Russia who opposed the Tsar. He died in 1863 in a duel with a member of the "White" faction, Count Adam Grabowski, to which he agreed but which he was sure to lose, on account of his extreme near-sightedness
Apr 15 Alfred Moquin-Tandon a French naturalist and doctor.
Apr 17 John Colborne 1st Baron Seaton a British Army officer and Colonial Governor. After taking part as a junior officer in the Anglo-Russian invasion of Holland, Sir Ralph Abercromby's expedition to Egypt and then the War of the Third Coalition, he served as military secretary to Sir John Moore at the Battle of Corunna. He then commanded the 2nd Battalion of the 66th Regiment of Foot and, later, the 52nd Regiment of Foot at many of the battles of the Peninsular War. At the Battle of Waterloo, Colborne on his own initiative brought the 52nd Regiment of Foot forward, took up a flanking position in relation to the French Imperial Guard and then, after firing repeated volleys into their flank, charged at the Guard so driving them back in disorder. He went on to become commander-in-chief of all the armed forces in British North America, personally leading the offensive at the Battle of Saint-Eustache in Lower Canada and defeating the rebel force in December 1837. After that he was high commissioner of the Ionian Islands and then Commander-in-Chief, Ireland
Apr 21 Sir Robert Bateson 1st Baronet an Irish baronet, landowner and Conservative politician.
Apr 29 Gregory Yakhimovich the Metropolitan Archbishop of the Ukrainian Greek Catholic Church, and also a leading figure in the Ukrainian National Revival, from 1860 until his death in 1863.
Apr 30 Jean Danjou a decorated captain in the French Foreign Legion. He commanded the two lieutenants and 62 legionnaires who fought the legendary Battle of Camarón during the French intervention in Mexico. He was killed during the battle
Apr 30 Christian von Steven a Finnish-born Russian botanist and entomologist of Swiss origin.
May 1 Francesco Nullo an Italian patriot, military officer and a merchant, a close friend and confidant of Giuseppe Garibaldi. He supported independence movements in Italy and Poland. He was a participant of the Five Days of Milan and other events of the revolutions of 1848 in the Italian states, Sicilian Expedition of the Thousand in 1860 and the Polish January Uprising in 1863. His military career ended with him receiving the rank of general in Poland, shortly before his death in the Battle of Krzykawka
May 3 Elisha F. Paxton an American lawyer and soldier who served as a general in the Confederate States Army during the American Civil War. He died in combat leading the famed Stonewall Brigade during the Battle of Chancellorsville
May 5 Ludwik Narbutt a Polish noble and a notable military commander during the January Uprising. Son of Teodor Narbutt, he led a large unit of Polish insurgents in the region of the town of Lida, from the start of the uprising till his death in combat on 5 May 1863
May 7 Earl Van Dorn a career United States Army officer, fighting with distinction during the Mexican-American War and against several tribes of Native Americans. He also served as a Confederate general during the American Civil War, noted for his defeats at Pea Ridge and Corinth in 1862, and his murder by a civilian in the spring of 1863
May 10 Stonewall Jackson a Confederate general during the American Civil War, and one of the best-known Confederate commanders after General Robert Lee. His military career includes the Valley Campaign of 1862 and his service as a corps commander in the Army of Northern Virginia under Robert Lee. Confederate pickets accidentally shot him at the Battle of Chancellorsville on May 2, 1863. The general survived with the loss of an arm to amputation, but died of complications from pneumonia eight days later. His death was a severe setback for the Confederacy, affecting not only its military prospects, but also the morale of its army and of the general public. Jackson in death became an icon of Southern heroism and commitment, becoming a mainstay in the pantheon of the "Lost Cause"
May 12 Radama II the son and heir of Queen Ranavalona I and ruled from 1861 to 1863 over the Kingdom of Madagascar, which controlled virtually the entire island. Radama's rule, although brief, was a pivotal period in the history of the Kingdom of Madagascar. Under the unyielding and often harsh 33-year rule of his mother, Queen Ranavalona I, Madagascar had successfully preserved its cultural and political independence from French and British designs. Rejecting the queen's policy of isolationism and Christian persecution, Radama II permitted religious freedom and re-opened Madagascar to European influence. Under the terms of the Lambert Charter, which Radama secretly contracted in 1855 with French entrepreneur Joseph-François Lambert while Ranavalona still ruled, the French were awarded exclusive rights to the exploitation of large tracts of valuable land and other lucrative resources and projects. This agreement, which was later revoked by Prime Minister Rainilaiarivony, was key to establishing France's claim over Madagascar as a protectorate and, in 1896, as a colony
May 14 Émile Prudent a French pianist and composer. His works number about seventy, and include a piano trio, a concerto-symphony, many character pieces, sets of variations, transcriptions and etudes, in addition to his celebrated fantasies on operatic airs. As a teacher, he was very successful and produced several distinguished pupils