1864 in history

1864 events chronologically

Jan 21 The Tauranga Campaign begins during the Maori Wars
Feb 17 American Civil War: The H. L. Hunley becomes the first submarine to engage and sink a warship, the USS Housatonic
Feb 20 American Civil War: Battle of Olustee occurs – the largest battle fought in Florida during the war
Feb 27 American Civil War: The first Northern prisoners arrive at the Confederate prison at Andersonville, Georgia
Feb 29 American Civil War: Kilpatrick-Dahlgren Raid fails – plans to free 15,000 Union soldiers being held near Richmond, Virginia are thwarted
Mar 11 The Great Sheffield Flood kills 238 people in Sheffield, England
Mar 12 American Civil War: The Red River Campaign begins as a US Navy fleet of 13 Ironclads and 7 Gunboats and other support ships enter the Red River

Top 7 most famous people born in 1864

Jan 5 George Washington Carver an American scientist, botanist, educator, and inventor. The exact day and year of his birth are unknown; he was born into slavery in Missouri, either in 1861, or January 1864
Apr 21 Max Weber a German sociologist, philosopher, and political economist whose ideas influenced social theory, social research, and the entire discipline of sociology. Weber is often cited, with Émile Durkheim and Karl Marx, as among the three founding creators of sociology
Jun 11 Richard Strauss a leading German composer of the late Romantic and early modern eras. He is known for his operas, which include Der Rosenkavalier and Salome; his lieder, especially his Four Last Songs; and his tone poems Death and Transfiguration, Till Eulenspiegel's Merry Pranks, Also sprach Zarathustra, An Alpine Symphony, and other orchestral works, such as Metamorphosen. Strauss was also a prominent conductor throughout Germany and Austria
Aug 23 Eleftherios Venizelos an eminent Greek leader of Greek national liberation movement and a charismatic statesman of the early 20th century remembered for his promotion of liberal-democratic policies. Elected several times as Prime Minister of Greece, serving from 1910 to 1920 and from 1928 to 1932, Venizelos had such profound influence on the internal and external affairs of Greece that he is credited with being "the maker of modern Greece", and is still widely known as the "Ethnarch"
Oct 31 Cosmo Gordon Lang a Scottish Anglican prelate who served as Archbishop of York and Archbishop of Canterbury. His rapid elevation to Archbishop of York, within 18 years of his ordination, is unprecedented in modern Church of England history. As Archbishop of Canterbury during the abdication crisis of 1936, he took a strong moral stance, and comments he made in a subsequent broadcast were widely condemned as uncharitable towards the departed king
Nov 24 Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec a French painter, printmaker, draughtsman and illustrator whose immersion in the colourful and theatrical life of Paris in the late 19th century yielded a collection of exciting, elegant and provocative images of the modern and sometimes decadent life of those times. Toulouse-Lautrec – along with Cézanne, Van Gogh and Gauguin – is among the most well-known painters of the Post-Impressionist period. In a 2005 auction at Christie's auction house, a new record was set when La blanchisseuse, an early painting of a young laundress, sold for US$22.4 million
Dec 26 Yun Chi-ho an important political activist and thinker during the late 1800s and early 1900s in Joseon Korea. a penname was Jwa-ong. a member of Korean early NGO's Independence Club and People's joint association, Shinminhwae. He was a strong nationalist especially in his early years; pushing for reform and modernization in the Joseon government. He was involved in important organizations such as the Independence Club led by Seo Jae-pil. He also served in various government positions and was a strong supporter of Christianity in Korea

Top 7 most famous people died in 1864

Feb 7 Vuk Stefanović Karadžić a Serbian philologist and linguist who was the major reformer of the Serbian language. He deserves, perhaps, for his collections of songs, fairy tales, and riddles to be called the father of the study of Serbian folklore. He was also the author of the first Serbian dictionary in his new reformed language
May 2 Giacomo Meyerbeer a German opera composer of Jewish birth who has been described as perhaps the most successful stage composer of the nineteenth century. With his 1831 opera Robert le diable and its successors, he gave the genre of grand opera 'decisive character'. Meyerbeer's grand opera style was achieved by his merging of German orchestra style with Italian vocal tradition. These were employed in the context of sensational and melodramatic libretti created by Eugène Scribe and were enhanced by the up-to-date theatre technology of the Paris Opéra. They set a standard which helped to maintain Paris as the opera capital of the nineteenth century
May 12 J. E. B. Stuart a United States Army officer from the U.S. state of Virginia who later became a Confederate States Army general during the American Civil War. He was known to his friends as "Jeb", from the initials of his given names. Stuart was a cavalry commander known for his mastery of reconnaissance and the use of cavalry in support of offensive operations. While he cultivated a cavalier image , his serious work made him the trusted eyes and ears of Robert Lee's army and inspired Southern morale
May 19 Nathaniel Hawthorne an American novelist and short story writer.
Aug 31 Ferdinand Lassalle a German-Jewish jurist, philosopher, and socialist political activist. Lassalle is best remembered as an initiator of international-style socialism in Germany
Dec 8 George Boole an English mathematician, philosopher and logician. He worked in the fields of differential equations and algebraic logic, and is now best known as the author of The Laws of Thought. Boole said
Dec 31 George M. Dallas a U.S. Senator from Pennsylvania and the 11th Vice President of the United States , serving under President James Polk. Dallas also served as the Mayor of Philadelphia from 1828–1829