Born in 1864

Jan 1 Alfred Stieglitz an American photographer and modern art promoter who was instrumental over his fifty-year career in making photography an accepted art form. In addition to his photography, Stieglitz is known for the New York art galleries that he ran in the early part of the 20th century, where he introduced many avant-garde European artists to the U.S. He was married to painter Georgia O'Keeffe
Jan 1 Joseph Bédier a French writer and scholar and historian of medieval France.
Jan 1 Qi Baishi an influential Chinese painter.
Jan 2 Giovanni Battista de Toni an Italian botanist, mycologist and phycologist.
Jan 3 Alexander Khakhanov a Georgian-Russian historian, archaeologist, and one of the most acclaimed scholars of Georgian literature.
Jan 4 George Albert Smith (film pioneer) best known for his controversial work with Edmund Gurney at the Society for Psychical Research, his short films from 1897 to 1903, which pioneered film editing and close-ups, and his development of the first successful colour film process, Kinemacolor.
Jan 5 Bob Caruthers an American right-handed pitcher and right fielder in Major League Baseball who played primarily for the Louis Browns and Brooklyn Bridegrooms. The star pitcher on five league champions in a ten-year career, he was the top pitcher in the American Association, leading that league in wins and shutouts twice each, winning percentage three times, and earned run average once. His 175 wins in the Association were the second most of any pitcher, and his league ERA of 2.62 was the lowest of any pitcher with at least 2,000 innings in the league; he was also the only pitcher to have 40-win seasons for two different Association teams. His career winning percentage was the highest of any pitcher prior to 1950 with at least 250 decisions; some sources recognize him as having compiled the highest winning percentage of any pitcher with at least 200 decisions in major league history
Jan 5 George Washington Carver an American scientist, botanist, educator, and inventor. The exact day and year of his birth are unknown; he was born into slavery in Missouri, either in 1861, or January 1864
Jan 6 Patrick Clune the fourth Roman Catholic Bishop of Perth and first Archbishop of Perth. Clune served continuously in these roles from 1910 to 1935
Jan 6 Thomas Dewar 1st Baron Dewar a Scottish whisky distiller who, along with his brother John Dewar, built their family label, Dewar's, into an international success. They blended their whisky to make it more appealing to the international palate and Dewar demonstrated particular skills in marketing, travelling the world to find new markets and promote his product, exploiting romantic images of Scotland and tartan in his advertising
Jan 7 Seo Jae-pil the anglicized name used by Seo Jae-pil, a noted champion for Korea's independence, journalist, the first Korean to become a naturalized citizen of the United States, and the founder of the first Korean newspaper in Hangul, the Independent News.
Jan 8 Yervand Lalayan ethnographer, archaeologist, folklorist. He was also the founder and the first director of the History Museum of Armenia, from 1919 to 1927
Jan 8 Julie Wolfthorn a German painter. Born as Julie Wolf to a family of Jewish faith, she later styled herself as Julie Wolfthorn after the city of Thorn, where she was born
Jan 8 Prince Albert Victor Duke of Clarence and Avondale the eldest son of Albert Edward, Prince of Wales , and the grandson of the reigning British monarch, Queen Victoria. From the time of his birth, he was second in the line of succession to the British throne, but never became king: he died before his father and his grandmother, the Queen
Jan 9 Vladimir Steklov a Soviet/Russian mathematician, mechanician and physicist.
Jan 10 Grand Duke Peter Nikolaevich of Russia a Russian Grand Duke and a member of the Russian Imperial Family.
Jan 11 Thomas Dixon Jr. a Southern Baptist minister, playwright, lecturer, North Carolina state legislator, lawyer, and author, perhaps best known for writing The Clansman — which was to become the inspiration for W. Griffith's film, The Birth of a Nation. He was a prominent supporter of the Republican Party and donor to Theodore Roosevelt's campaign for Mayor of New York
Jan 13 Wilhelm Wien a German physicist who, in 1893, used theories about heat and electromagnetism to deduce Wien's displacement law, which calculates the emission of a blackbody at any temperature from the emission at any one reference temperature.
Jan 14 Joseph Wright (rower) a famed Canadian rower, municipal politician, and all-round athlete who had success in a variety of sports in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries.
Jan 16 Anna Golubkina a Russian impressionist sculptor. As the first Russian sculptor to receive the Paris Salon prize, she is regarded as the first female Russian sculptor of note. Golubkina also had an exhibition at the prestigious Alexander III Museum. A crater on Venus is named after her
Jan 21 Israel Zangwill a British humorist and writer.
Jan 21 Paul Troje a German politician and from 24 August 1907 until 30 September 1924 mayor of Marburg.
Jan 24 Marguerite Durand a French stage actress, journalist, and a leading suffragette.
Jan 25 Julije Kempf a Croatian historian and writer. Kempf was born in Požega, Slavonia. After graduating from Požega gymnasium, he attended teachers school in Zagreb. Afterwards, he worked in Novi Vinodolski as a teacher, before returning to Požega in 1885 to teach in Elementary school for boys
Jan 26 József Pusztai a Slovene writer, poet, journalist, teacher and cantor in Hungary. He was also known under the pen name of Tibor Andorhegyi
Jan 27 Bela Čikoš Sesija a Croatian painter of historical and allegorical scenes at the turn of the 20th century. He was one of the founders of the Academy of Fine Arts in Zagreb, as well as one of the first representatives of symbolism in Croatia
Jan 28 Charles Williams Nash a United States automobile entrepreneur and served as an executive in the automotive industry.
Jan 28 Herbert Akroyd Stuart noted for his invention of the hot bulb engine, or heavy oil engine.
Jan 30 James Mitchel born in Tipperary, Ireland, and, as an athlete, represented the United States at the 1904 Summer Olympics. Mitchell competed as a member of the New York Athletic Club at the games, which were held in St Louis, Missouri. In the 56 lb weight throw he won the bronze medal. In the hammer throw competition he finished fifth and in the discus throw event he finished sixth
Feb 1 Feodor Kuzmich a Russian Orthodox starets. He has been canonized as a righteous saint by the Russian Orthodox Church in 1984
Feb 5 Zemach Shabad a Jewish doctor and social and political activist. He was a member of the Senate of the Second Polish Republic and a co-founder and vice-president of the YIVO
Feb 5 Carl Teike a German composer who wrote over 100 military marches and twenty concert works.
Feb 6 George Hillyard a male tennis player from the United Kingdom. Under his supervision as secretary of the All England Club from 1907 to 1925, the Wimbledon Championships moved to its current site at Church Road. Hillyard also excelled at cricket and golf
Feb 6 John Henry Mackay an individualist anarchist, thinker and writer. Born in Scotland and raised in Germany, Mackay was the author of Die Anarchisten and Der Freiheitsucher. Mackay was published in the United States in his friend Benjamin Tucker's magazine, Liberty. He was a noted homosexual
Feb 9 Miina Härma a widely recognised Estonian composer. She was the second Estonian musician with higher education
Feb 10 Karl Pohlig a German Bohemian conductor born in Teplitz, Bohemia, Austrian Empire. He studied cello and piano in Weimar, and later taught piano there. In 1901 in Stuttgart he became the first conductor to perform the complete version of Bruckner's Symphony 6. This symphony had been performed before in excerpts and in an edited-down version by Gustav Mahler
Feb 12 Infanta Eulalia of Spain a Spanish infanta known for her controversial books.
Feb 14 Robert E. Park considered to be one of the most influential figures in early U.S. sociology. From 1905 to 1914 Park worked with Booker Washington at the Tuskegee Institute. After Tuskegee, he taught at the University of Chicago, from 1914 to 1933, where he played a leading role in the development of the Chicago School of sociology. Park is noted for his work in human ecology, race relations, migration, assimilation, social movements, and social disorganization
Feb 16 Yevgeniya Mravina a Russian soprano and the aunt of conductor Yevgeny Mravinsky.
Feb 17 Jozef Murgaš a Slovak inventor, architect, botanist, painter, patriot, and Roman Catholic priest. He contributed to wireless telegraphy and help develop mobile communications and wireless transmission of information and human voice
Feb 17 Banjo Paterson an Australian bush poet, journalist, author, and Georgist activist. He wrote many ballads and poems about Australian life, focusing particularly on the rural and outback areas, including the district around Binalong, New South Wales, where he spent much of his childhood. Paterson's more notable poems include "Waltzing Matilda", "The Man from Snowy River" and "Clancy of the Overflow"
Feb 19 Jean Verdier a French Cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church. He served as Archbishop of Paris from 1929 until his death, and was elevated to the cardinalate in 1929
Feb 20 Henry Rawlinson 1st Baron Rawlinson a British First World War general best known for his roles in the Battle of the Somme of 1916 and the Battle of Amiens in 1918.
Feb 22 Jules Renard a French author and member of the Académie Goncourt, most famous for the works Poil de carotte and Les Histoires Naturelles. Among his other works are Le Plaisir de rompre and Huit jours à la campagne
Feb 24 Karl Fritsch an Austrian botanist. He was born in Vienna and educated mainly at the University of Vienna, obtaining his PhD degree in 1886 and his Habilitation in 1890. In 1900 he moved to the University of Graz as professor of Systematic Botany, where he built up the botanical institute. In 1910 he was appointed as director of the university's botanical garden, and in 1916 the new institute acquired its own building. He continued at Graz for the rest of his career, and died there
Feb 24 Ali bey Huseynzade an Azerbaijani writer, thinker, philosopher, artist and doctor, and was the creator of the modern Flag of Azerbaijan.
Feb 24 José Pardo y Barreda a Peruvian politician who twice occupied the Presidency of Peru, from 1904 to 1908 and 1915 to 1919.
Feb 26 John Evershed an English astronomer. He was the first to observe radial motions in sunspots, a phenomenon known as the Evershed effect
Feb 26 Antonín Sova a Czech poet and the director of Prague Municipal Library.
Feb 27 Eemil Nestor Setälä a Finnish politician and once the Chairman of the Senate of Finland, from September 1917 to November 1917.