Died in 1864

Jan 2 Ferdinand-Alphonse Hamelin born in Pont-l'Évêque, Normandy.
Jan 3 John Hughes (archbishop of New York) an Irish-born prelate of the Roman Catholic Church in the United States. He was the fourth Bishop and first Archbishop of the Archdiocese of New York, serving between 1842 and his death in 1864
Jan 3 William Behnes an English sculptor of the early 19th century.
Jan 6 John Clements Wickham a Scottish explorer, naval officer, magistrate and administrator. He was first officer on HMS Beagle during its second survey mission, 1831–1836, under captain Robert FitzRoy. The young naturalist and geologist Charles Darwin was a supernumerary on the ship, and his journal was published as The Voyage of the Beagle. After that expedition, Wickham was promoted to Commander and made captain of the Beagle on its third voyage, from 1837 and conducted various maritime expeditions and hydrographic surveys along the Australian coastline
Jan 7 Caleb Blood Smith an American journalist and politician, serving in the Cabinet of Abraham Lincoln during the American Civil War.
Jan 11 Augustus Chapman Allen along with his younger brother, John Kirby Allen, founded the City of Houston in the U.S. state of Texas. He was born on July 4, 1806, in Canaseraga Village, New York , to Sarah and Roland Allen
Jan 13 Stephen Foster an American songwriter primarily known for his parlor and minstrel music. Foster wrote over 200 songs; among his best-known are "Oh! Susanna," "Camptown Races," "Old Folks at Home," "My Old Kentucky Home," "Jeanie with the Light Brown Hair," "Old Black Joe," and "Beautiful Dreamer." Many of his compositions remain popular more than 150 years after he wrote them
Jan 15 Isaac Nathan an Anglo-Australian composer, musicologist, journalist and self-publicist, who ended an eventful career by becoming the "father of Australian music".
Jan 16 Anton Schindler an associate, secretary, and early biographer of Ludwig van Beethoven. He was born in Medlov, Moravia and died in Bockenheim
Jan 20 Giovanni Antonio Amedeo Plana an Italian astronomer and mathematician.
Jan 23 Johann Lukas Schönlein a German naturalist, and professor of medicine, born in Bamberg. He studied medicine at Landshut, Jena, Göttingen, and Würzburg. After teaching at Würzburg and Zurich, he was called to Berlin in 1839, where he taught therapeutics and pathology. He served as physician to Frederick William IV
Jan 26 Otto Lindblad a Swedish composer. He is most famous for the musical score of Kungssången, the Swedish royal anthem
Jan 26 Leo von Klenze a German neoclassicist architect, painter and writer. Court architect of Bavarian King Ludwig I, Leo von Klenze was one of the most prominent representatives of Greek revival style
Jan 27 Heinrich Rose a German mineralogist and analytical chemist. He was the brother of the mineralogist Gustav Rose and a son of Valentin Rose
Jan 28 Benoît Paul Émile Clapeyron a French engineer and physicist, one of the founders of thermodynamics.
Jan 29 Lucy Aikin a historical writer.
Jan 31 Alexander Druzhinin a Russian writer, translator, and magazine editor.
Feb 1 Princess Louise Marie Thérèse of Artois a duchess and later a regent of Parma. She was the eldest daughter of Charles Ferdinand, Duke of Berry, younger son of King Charles X of France and his wife Carolina of Naples and Sicily, daughter of King Francis I of the Two Sicilies
Feb 7 Vuk Stefanović Karadžić a Serbian philologist and linguist who was the major reformer of the Serbian language. He deserves, perhaps, for his collections of songs, fairy tales, and riddles to be called the father of the study of Serbian folklore. He was also the author of the first Serbian dictionary in his new reformed language
Feb 10 Jean-Joseph Chapuis a French cabinetmaker of the 18th and 19th centuries.
Feb 18 Ludwig Wilhelmy usually credited with publishing the first quantitative study in chemical kinetics.
Feb 20 Alexander Vostokov one of the first Russian philologists.
Feb 23 Peter Kaiser a historian and statesman from Liechtenstein.
Feb 25 Anna Harrison nominally First Lady of the United States during her husband's one-month term in 1841, but she never entered the White House. At the age of 65 years old during her husband's presidential term, she is the oldest woman ever to become First Lady, as well as having the distinction of holding the title for the shortest length of time, and the first person to be widowed while holding the title
Feb 26 Louis-Hippolyte Lafontaine the first Canadian to become Prime Minister of the United Province of Canada and the first head of a responsible government in Canada. He was born in Boucherville, Lower Canada in 1807. A jurist and statesman, Lafontaine was first elected to the Legislative Assembly of Lower Canada in 1830. He was a supporter of Papineau and member of the Parti canadien. After the severe consequences of the Rebellions of 1837 against the British authorities, he advocated political reforms within the new Union regime of 1841
Feb 27 George Vaughan Maddox a nineteenth-century British architect and builder, whose work was undertaken principally in the county of Monmouthshire, Wales.
Mar 2 Ulric Dahlgren served as a Union Army colonel. He was in command of an unsuccessful 1864 raid on the Confederate capital of Richmond, Virginia, and was killed in the raid. The major consequence of the failed raid was the Dahlgren Affair after incriminating documents were discovered on Dahlgren's corpse
Mar 4 Thomas Starr King an American Unitarian minister, influential in California politics during the American Civil War, and Freemason. Starr King spoke zealously in favor of the Union and was credited by Abraham Lincoln with preventing California from becoming a separate republic. He is sometimes referred to as "the orator who saved the nation."
Mar 10 Joseph Alfred Slade a stagecoach and Pony Express superintendent, instrumental in the opening of the American West and the archetype of the Western gunslinger.
Mar 10 Maximilian II of Bavaria king of Bavaria from 1848 until 1864. He was son of Ludwig I and Therese of Saxe-Hildburghausen
Mar 19 Alexandre Calame a Swiss painter.
Mar 21 Luke Howard a British manufacturing chemist and an amateur meteorologist with broad interests in science. His lasting contribution to science is a nomenclature system for clouds, which he proposed in an 1802 presentation to the Askesian Society
Mar 21 Carl Benedict Hase born at Sulza near Naumburg.
Mar 21 Jean-Hippolyte Flandrin a 19th-century French painter. His celebrated 1836 work Jeune Homme Nu Assis au Bord de la Mer is in the Louvre
Mar 24 Konstanty Kalinowski a 19th-century writer, journalist, lawyer and revolutionary. He was one of the leaders of Polish, Belarusian and Lithuanian national revival and the leader of the January Uprising in lands of the former Grand Duchy of Lithuania in the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth
Mar 25 Karl Ernst Claus a Baltic German chemist and naturalist. Claus was a professor at Kazan State University and a member of the Russian Academy of Sciences. He was primarily known as a chemist and discoverer of the chemical element ruthenium, but also as one of the first scientists who applied quantitative methods in botany
Mar 27 Jean-Jacques Ampère a French philologist and man of letters.
Mar 28 Princess Charlotte of Denmark born in Christiansborg Palace to Hereditary Prince Frederick of Denmark and Norway and Sophia Frederica of Mecklenburg-Schwerin.
Mar 30 Louis Schindelmeisser a nineteenth-century German clarinetist, conductor and composer. He was born Königsberg, Prussia, and studied in Berlin and Leipzig. He was an early and enthusiastic partisan of Richard Wagner, arranging his first performances in Wiesbaden and Darmstadt of Tannhäuser, of which he conducted the premiere, Rienzi and Lohengrin
Apr 2 Princess Hildegard of Bavaria the seventh child and fourth daughter of Ludwig I of Bavaria and Therese of Saxe-Hildburghausen.
Apr 4 Joseph Pitty Couthouy an American naval officer, conchologist, and invertebrate palaeontologist. Born in Boston, Massachusetts, he entered the Boston Latin School in 1820. He married Mary Greenwood Wild on 9 March 1832
Apr 5 Alaric Alexander Watts British poet and journalist, born in London. His life was dedicated to newspaper creation and edition and was seen as a conservative writer. Such a life led him to bankruptcy until a pension was awarded to him by a friend, Lord Aberdeen
Apr 14 Charles Lot Church a political figure in Nova Scotia. He represented Lunenburg County in the Nova Scotia House of Assembly from 1820 to 1830
Apr 18 Juris Alunāns a Latvian writer and philologist in the Russian Empire. He was one of the first contributors of Latvian language. He was one of the members of the Young Latvia movement
Apr 24 Franz Wilhelm Junghuhn a German-Dutch botanist and geologist. His father, Friedrich Junghuhn was a barber and a surgeon. His mother was Christine Marie Schiele. Junghuhn studied medicine in Halle and in Berlin from 1827 to 1831, meanwhile publishing a seminal paper on mushrooms in Limnaea. Ein Journal für Botanik
Apr 26 Archduchess Auguste Ferdinande of Austria the daughter of Leopold II, Grand Duke of Tuscany, and his first wife Maria Anna of Saxony, and the wife of Luitpold, Prince Regent of Bavaria.
Apr 29 Abraham Pineo Gesner a Canadian physician and geologist who invented kerosene. Although Ignacy Łukasiewicz developed the modern kerosene lamp, starting the world's oil industry, Gesner is considered a primary founder. Gesner was born in Cornwallis, Nova Scotia. He died in Halifax, Nova Scotia
Apr 29 Charles Julien Brianchon a French mathematician and chemist.
May 2 Giacomo Meyerbeer a German opera composer of Jewish birth who has been described as perhaps the most successful stage composer of the nineteenth century. With his 1831 opera Robert le diable and its successors, he gave the genre of grand opera 'decisive character'. Meyerbeer's grand opera style was achieved by his merging of German orchestra style with Italian vocal tradition. These were employed in the context of sensational and melodramatic libretti created by Eugène Scribe and were enhanced by the up-to-date theatre technology of the Paris Opéra. They set a standard which helped to maintain Paris as the opera capital of the nineteenth century
May 5 John M. Jones a brigadier general in the Confederate States Army during the American Civil War. He fought at the Battle of Gettysburg and was killed in action at the Battle of the Wilderness