1866 in history

1866 events chronologically

Jan 12 The Royal Aeronautical Society is formed in London
Jan 18 Wesley College, Melbourne is established
Feb 16 Spencer Compton Cavendish, Marquess of Hartington becomes British Secretary of State for War
Feb 25 Miners in Calaveras County, California, discover what is now called the Calaveras Skull - human remains that supposedly indicated that man, mastodons, and elephants had co-existed
Mar 31 The Spanish Navy bombs the harbor of Valparaíso, Chile
Apr 4 Alexander II of Russia narrowly escapes an assassination attempt by Dmitry Karakozov in the city of Saint Petersburg
Apr 6 The Grand Army of the Republic, an American patriotic organization composed of Union veterans of the American Civil War, is founded. It lasts until 1956

Top 7 most famous people born in 1866

Jan 13 George Gurdjieff Ivanovich Gurdjieff /ˈɡɜrdʒiˌɛf/ , also commonly referred to as Georges Ivanovich Gurdjieff and I. Gurdjieff, was an influential spiritual teacher of the early to mid-20th century who taught that most humans live their lives in a state of hypnotic "waking sleep", but that it is possible to transcend to a higher state of consciousness and achieve full human potential. Gurdjieff developed a method for doing so, calling his discipline "The Work" or "the Method". According to his principles and instructions, Gurdjieff's method for awakening one's consciousness is different from that of the fakir, monk or yogi, so his discipline is also called the "Fourth Way". At one point, he described his teaching as being "esoteric Christianity"
Jan 29 Romain Rolland a French dramatist, novelist, essayist, art historian and mystic who was awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1915 "as a tribute to the lofty idealism of his literary production and to the sympathy and love of truth with which he has described different types of human beings".
Jul 28 Beatrix Potter an English author, illustrator, natural scientist and conservationist best known for her imaginative children's books, featuring animals such as those in The Tale of Peter Rabbit, which celebrated the British landscape and country life.
Sep 21 H. G. Wells Herbert George "H. G." Wells was a prolific English writer in many genres, including the novel, history, politics, and social commentary, and textbooks and rules for war games. He is now best remembered for his science fiction novels, and Wells is sometimes called the father of science fiction, as are Jules Verne and Hugo Gernsback. His most notable science fiction works include The War of the Worlds, The Time Machine, The Invisible Man, and The Island of Doctor Moreau
Oct 12 Ramsay MacDonald a British statesman who was the first ever Labour Party Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, leading a Labour Government in 1924, a Labour Government from 1929 to 1931, and a National Government from 1931 to 1935.
Nov 12 Sun Yat-sen a Chinese revolutionary, first president and founding father of the Republic of China, and medical practitioner. As the foremost pioneer of Republic of China, Sun is referred to as the "Father of the Nation" in the Republic of China , and the "forerunner of democratic revolution" in the People's Republic of China. Sun played an instrumental role in the overthrow of the Qing dynasty during the years leading up to the Double Ten Revolution. He was appointed to serve as Provisional President of the Republic of China, when it was founded in 1912. He later co-founded the Kuomintang , serving as its first leader. Sun was a uniting figure in post-Imperial China, and remains unique among 20th-century Chinese politicians for being widely revered amongst the people from both sides of the Taiwan Strait
Dec 16 Wassily Kandinsky an influential Russian painter and art theorist. He is credited with painting the first purely abstract works. Born in Moscow, Kandinsky spent his childhood in Odessa. He enrolled at the University of Moscow, studying law and economics. Successful in his profession — he was offered a professorship at the University of Dorpat — he began painting studies at the age of 30

Top 7 most famous people died in 1866

Mar 6 William Whewell an English polymath, scientist, Anglican priest, philosopher, theologian, and historian of science. He was Master of Trinity College, Cambridge. In his time as a student there, he achieved distinction in both poetry and mathematics
Mar 24 Maria Amalia of Naples and Sicily French queen as the wife of Louis Philippe I.
May 29 Winfield Scott a United States Army general, and unsuccessful presidential candidate of the Whig Party in 1852.
Jul 20 Bernhard Riemann an influential German mathematician who made lasting contributions to analysis, number theory, and differential geometry, some of them enabling the later development of general relativity.
Oct 18 Philipp Franz von Siebold a German physician, botanist, and traveler. He taught some pupils Western medicine in Japan. He achieved prominence for his study of Japanese flora and fauna, and was the father of female Japanese doctor, Kusumoto Ine
Nov 14 Miguel I of Portugal the King of Portugal between 1828 and 1834, the seventh child and third son of King João VI and his queen, Carlota Joaquina of Spain.
Dec 1 George Everest a Welsh surveyor and geographer, and the Surveyor General of India from 1830 through 1843.