Born in 1866

Jan 2 Gilbert Murray an Australian-born British classical scholar and public intellectual, with connections in many spheres. He was an outstanding scholar of the language and culture of Ancient Greece, perhaps the leading authority in the first half of the twentieth century. He is the basis for the character of Adolphus Cusins in his friend George Bernard Shaw's play Major Barbara, and also appears as the chorus figure in Tony Harrison's play Fram
Jan 3 Mikhail Kvetsinsky a Russian officer and a military administrator. He became a Lieutenant-General on February 28, 1915
Jan 4 Ernest Mangnall the only man to date to have managed both clubs.
Jan 5 Dimitrios Gounaris the Prime Minister of Greece from March 10, 1915 to August 23, 1915 and April 8, 1921 to May 16, 1922. Leader of the People's Party, he was the main right-wing opponent of his contemporary Eleftherios Venizelos
Jan 6 Tokonami Takejirō a Japanese was a statesman, politician and cabinet minister in Taishō and early Shōwa period Japan. Tokonami was involved in several government agencies throughout his career, and served in the leadership of different political parties. He was regarded by his contemporaries as a rather opportunistic politician eager for an opportunity to become prime minister
Jan 8 William G. Conley an American politician who served as the 18th Governor of West Virginia as a Republican from 1929 to 1933.
Jan 10 Ludwig Aschoff a German physician and pathologist. He is considered to be one of the most influential pathologists of the early 20th century and is regarded as the most important German pathologist after Rudolf Virchow
Jan 13 George Gurdjieff Ivanovich Gurdjieff /ˈɡɜrdʒiˌɛf/ , also commonly referred to as Georges Ivanovich Gurdjieff and I. Gurdjieff, was an influential spiritual teacher of the early to mid-20th century who taught that most humans live their lives in a state of hypnotic "waking sleep", but that it is possible to transcend to a higher state of consciousness and achieve full human potential. Gurdjieff developed a method for doing so, calling his discipline "The Work" or "the Method". According to his principles and instructions, Gurdjieff's method for awakening one's consciousness is different from that of the fakir, monk or yogi, so his discipline is also called the "Fourth Way". At one point, he described his teaching as being "esoteric Christianity"
Jan 15 Nathan Söderblom a Swedish clergyman, Archbishop of Uppsala in the Church of Sweden, and recipient of the 1930 Nobel Peace Prize. He is commemorated in the Calendar of Saints of the Lutheran Church and in the liturgical calendar of the Episcopal Church on July 12
Jan 16 Alfredo Trombetti an Italian linguist active in the early 20th century.
Jan 16 Percy Pilcher a British inventor and pioneer aviator who was his country's foremost experimenter in unpowered flight at the end of the nineteenth century.
Jan 18 Emich 5th Prince of Leiningen the son of Ernst Leopold, 4th Prince of Leiningen. He was the titular Prince of Leiningen from 1904 until his death
Jan 20 Euclides da Cunha a Brazilian journalist, sociologist and engineer. His most important work is Os Sertões , a non-fictional account of the military expeditions promoted by the Brazilian government against the rebellious village of Canudos, known as the War of Canudos. This book was a favorite of Robert Lowell, who put it above Tolstoy, the Russian writer. Jorge Luis Borges also commented on it in his short story "Three Versions of Judas". The book was translated into English by Samuel Putnam and published by the University of Chicago Press in 1944. It remains in print
Jan 23 Lydia Field Emmet an American artist best known for her work as a portraitist. She studied with, among others, prominent artists such as William Merritt Chase, Harry Siddons Mowbray, Kenyon Cox and Tony Robert-Fleury. Emmet exhibited widely during her career, and her paintings can now be found hanging in the White House, and many prestigious art galleries, including the Metropolitan Museum of Art
Jan 24 Jaan Poska an Estonian barrister and politician.
Jan 25 Emile Vandervelde a Belgian statesman. He was born and died at Ixelles. He studied law at the Free University of Brussels and became doctor of laws in 1885 and doctor of social science in 1888
Jan 26 John Cady (golfer) an American golfer who competed in the 1904 Summer Olympics. He was the grandson of John Deere and the great-grandson of Linus Yale, Sr
Jan 27 Frank Tudor an Australian-born felt hatter and politician. He was the leader of the Australian Labor Party from 1916 until his death
Jan 28 Carl Seashore a prominent American psychologist.
Jan 29 Soter Ortynsky the first Bishop of all Greek Catholics in the United States.
Jan 29 Romain Rolland a French dramatist, novelist, essayist, art historian and mystic who was awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1915 "as a tribute to the lofty idealism of his literary production and to the sympathy and love of truth with which he has described different types of human beings".
Jan 29 Julio Peris Brell a Valencian painter. Peris Brell's paintings are distinguished by the power of his technique for analysing and translating different light aspects, specially in landscapes genres, portrait and still life
Jan 30 Gelett Burgess an artist, art critic, poet, author and humorist. An important figure in the San Francisco Bay Area literary renaissance of the 1890s, particularly through his iconoclastic little magazine, The Lark, he is best known as a writer of nonsense verse. He was the author of the popular Goops books, and he coined the term blurb
Jan 31 Henry Forster 1st Baron Forster a British Conservative Party politician who became the seventh Governor-General of Australia.
Feb 2 Enrique Simonet a Spanish painter.
Feb 3 Francis Pelham-Clinton-Hope 8th Duke of Newcastle an English nobleman.
Feb 4 Władysław Podkowiński a Polish master painter and illustrator associated with the Young Poland movement during Partitions.
Feb 5 Domhnall Ua Buachalla an Irish politician, shopkeeper and member of the First Dáil who served as third and final Governor-General of the Irish Free State and later served as a member of the Council of State.
Feb 6 Grigory Spiridonovich Petrov a priest, public figure and publicist.
Feb 8 Moses Gomberg a chemistry professor at the University of Michigan.
Feb 9 George Ade an American writer, newspaper columnist, and playwright.
Feb 10 Rafael Altamira y Crevea a Spanish historian and jurist.
Feb 13 Lev Shestov a Russian existentialist philosopher. Born in Kiev on February 13 1866, he emigrated to France in 1921, fleeing from the aftermath of the October Revolution. He lived in Paris until his death on November 19, 1938
Feb 14 William Townley an English Football player and coach.
Feb 15 Paolo Troubetzkoy an artist and a sculptor who was described by G.B. Shaw as "the most astonishing sculptor of modern times"
Feb 16 Billy Hamilton (baseball born 1866) a 19th-century Major League Baseball player who holds a number of baseball records. He played for the Kansas City Cowboys, Philadelphia Phillies and Boston Beaneaters between 1888 and 1901. He was elected to the National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum in 1961. As of 2014, he is third on the all-time list of career stolen bases leaders
Feb 16 Johann Strauss III an Austrian composer whose father was Eduard Strauss, whose uncles were Johann Strauss II & Josef Strauss, and whose grandfather was Johann Strauss He was unofficially entrusted with the task of upholding his family's tradition after the dissolution of the Strauss Orchestra by his father in 1901. His talents were not fully realised during his lifetime as musical tastes had changed in the Silver Age with more popular composers such as Franz Lehár and Oscar Straus dominating the Viennese musical scene with their operettas, although his uncle, Johann Strauss II, supervised his development as a musician, a fact disputed by Eduard Strauss
Feb 16 David Mannes an American violinist, conductor, and educator.
Feb 17 David F. Houston an American academic, businessman and politician. He served under President Wilson as the 5th Secretary of Agriculture and the 48th United States Secretary of the Treasury
Feb 18 Janko Vukotić a Serdar, general in the armies of the Principality and Kingdom of Montenegro in the Balkan Wars and World War He also served as Montenegro's minister of defence in periods 1905-1907, 1911–1912 and 1913–1915 and as the Prime Minister of Montenegro 1913-1915. He is famous for commanding the Sandžak Army of Montenegrin forces during the Battle of Mojkovac, in which his daughter Vasilija Vukotić was a courier - the only woman participant in that battle
Feb 19 Thomas Jefferson Jackson See an American astronomer of high potential who ended a colorful life with no real accomplishment in astronomy or physics. He is known for a career dogged by plagiarism, being fired from two observatory staffs, grand egotistical claims, being 'exiled' to an isolated outpost, and his vitriolic attacks on relativity
Feb 20 Carl Westman a Swedish architect and interior designer. He was an early adopter of the National Romantic Style, but turned later to the neo-classical style of the 1920s
Feb 21 August von Wassermann a German bacteriologist and hygienist.
Feb 22 Frederick Hughes (sailor) a British sailor who competed in the 1908 Summer Olympics.
Feb 22 Jalil Mammadguluzadeh an Azerbaijani satirist and writer.
Feb 24 Hubert Van Innis a Belgian competitor in the sport of archery. Van Innis competed in four events and won two first prizes and a second prize, and is now considered by the International Olympic Committee to have won two gold medals and a silver medal. His wins came in the shorter events, the 33 metre sections of each of the Au Chapelet and Au Cordon Doré competitions. In the 50 metre Au Cordon Doré, van Innis finished second to Henri Hérouin by a score of 31–29, with Émile Fisseux close behind at 28 points
Feb 24 Pyotr Lebedev a Russian physicist. His name was also transliterated as Peter Lebedew and Peter Lebedev
Feb 25 Benedetto Croce an Italian idealist philosopher, and occasionally also politician. He wrote on numerous topics, including philosophy, history, methodology of history writing and aesthetics. He was a prominent liberal, although he opposed laissez-faire free trade, and had considerable influence on other prominent Italian intellectuals including both Marxist Antonio Gramsci and fascist Giovanni Gentile
Feb 26 Herbert Henry Dow a Canadian born, American chemical industrialist. He was a graduate of Case School of Applied Science in Cleveland, Ohio. His most significant achievement was the founding of the Dow Chemical Company in 1897. He was a prolific inventor of chemical processes, compounds, and products, and was a successful businessman
Feb 26 Stanisław Chełchowski a Polish naturalist , ethnographer and activist. Founder and activist of various educational and agricultural organizations, author of many works from areas of mycology, agriculture and ethnography