Died in 1867

Jan 5 Alexander Smith (poet) a Scottish poet, labelled as one of the Spasmodic School, and essayist.
Jan 11 Stuart Donaldson the first Premier of the Colony of New South Wales.
Jan 14 Jean-Auguste-Dominique Ingres a French Neoclassical painter. Although he considered himself to be a painter of history in the tradition of Nicolas Poussin and Jacques-Louis David, by the end of his life it was Ingres's portraits, both painted and drawn, that were recognized as his greatest legacy
Jan 14 Victor Cousin a French philosopher. He was a proponent of Scottish Common Sense Realism and had an important influence on French educational policy
Jan 20 Nathaniel Parker Willis also known as P. Willis, was an American author, poet and editor who worked with several notable American writers including Edgar Allan Poe and Henry Wadsworth Longfellow. He became the highest-paid magazine writer of his day. For a time, he was the employer of former slave and future writer Harriet Jacobs. His brother was the composer Richard Storrs Willis and his sister Sara wrote under the name Fanny Fern
Jan 26 Alexandre Pierre Freslon a French Lawyer who became a representative in the Constituent Assembly and Minister of Public Education and Religion in 1848.
Jan 30 Emperor Kōmei the 121st emperor of Japan, according to the traditional order of succession.
Jan 30 Heinrich Friedrich Theodor Kohlrausch a German educator and historian.
Feb 2 Forceythe Willson a nineteenth-century American poet. He was the brother of Kentucky governor Augustus Willson
Feb 3 Prince Maximilian of Wied-Neuwied a German explorer, ethnologist and naturalist. He led a pioneering expedition to southeast Brazil between 1815–1817, from which the album Reise nach Brasilien, which first revealed to Europe real images of Brazilian Indians, was the ultimate result. It was translated into several languages and recognized as one of the greatest contributions to the knowledge of Brazil at the beginning of the nineteenth century. In 1832 he embarked on another expedition, this time to North America, together with the Swiss painter Karl Bodmer
Feb 5 Serafín Estébanez Calderón a Spanish author, best known by the pseudonym of El Solitario. He was born in Málaga. His first literary effort was El Listen verde, a poem signed "Safinio" and written to celebrate the revolution of 1820. He was called to the bar, and settled for some time in Madrid, where he published a volume of verses in 1831 under the assumed name of "El Solitario." He obtained an exaggerated reputation as an Arabic scholar, and played a minor part in the political movements of his time. He died in Madrid in 1867. His most interesting work, Escenas andaluzas , is in an affected style, the vocabulary being partly archaic and partly provincial; but, despite its eccentric mannerisms, it is a vivid record of picturesque scenes and local customs. Estebanez Calderon is also the author of an unfinished history, De la conquista y pirdida de Portugal , issued posthumously under the editorship of his nephew, Antonio Canovas del Castillo
Feb 7 José E. Díaz a celebrated Paraguayan general. Díaz was born in the town of Cerro Verá east of Pirayú in the department of Paraguarí. His parents were named Juan Andrés Díaz and Dolores Vera
Feb 9 Filippo de Filippi an Italian doctor, traveler and zoologist.
Feb 17 Alexander Dallas Bache an American physicist, scientist and surveyor who erected coastal fortifications and conducted a detailed survey mapping of the United States coastline.
Feb 19 Archduke Stephen Palatine of Hungary a member of the House of Habsburg-Lorraine.
Feb 23 George Thomas Smart an English musician.
Feb 27 Christian Ernst Bernhard Morgenstern a German landscape painter. Morgenstern is regarded as one of the pioneers in Germany of early Realism in painting. He gained this reputation in Hamburg 1826-1829 together with his contemporary Adolph Friedrich Vollmer while both were still studying; from 1830 onwards, Morgenstern, together with Friedrich Wasmann, Johan Christian Dahl and Adolph Menzel, introduced Munich to Realist painting
Feb 28 Jacques Raymond Brascassat a French painter noted for his paintings of animals.
Mar 2 Frans-Andries Durlet a Belgian architect, sculptor and printmaker.
Mar 6 Charles Farrar Browne a United States humor writer, better known under his nom de plume, Artemus Ward. At birth, his surname was "Brown." He added the "e" after he became famous
Mar 6 Peter von Cornelius a German painter.
Mar 9 Princess Sophie of Saxony the eighth and youngest child of John of Saxony and his wife Amalie Auguste of Bavaria and a younger sister of Albert of Saxony and George of Saxony. Through her marriage to Duke Karl-Theodor in Bavaria, Sophie was a member of the House of Wittelsbach and a Duchess in Bavaria
Mar 13 Princess Louise Caroline of Hesse-Kassel the consort of Friedrich Wilhelm, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg and the matriarch of the House of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg, which would eventually become the ruling house of the kingdoms of Denmark, Greece, Norway, and, barring unforeseen circumstances, the United Kingdom.
Mar 23 Charles Deas an American painter noted for his oil paintings of Native Americans and fur trappers of the mid-19th century.
Mar 24 John D. Barry a brigadier general in the Confederate States Army during the American Civil War.
Mar 25 Friedlieb Ferdinand Runge a German analytical chemist.
Mar 27 Prideaux John Selby an English ornithologist, botanist and natural history artist.
Apr 8 Valerian Safonovich a Russian statesman and politician who served as ruler of Oryol Governorate from 1854 to 1861.
Apr 8 Emil Adolf Rossmässler a German biologist.
Apr 13 Jan Ksawery Kaniewski a Polish painter trained in Petersburg who spent several years in Rome. He was particularly known for his portraits and his depictions of historical and Biblical scenes
Apr 14 Ferdinand August Maria Franz von Ritgen a German obstetrician born in the Westphalian village of Wulfen. He is remembered for instruction in the field of midwifery
Apr 18 Robert Smirke (architect) an English architect, one of the leaders of Greek Revival architecture, though he also used other architectural styles. As architect to the Board of Works he designed several major public buildings including the main block and facade of the British Museum, He was a pioneer of the use of concrete foundations
Apr 20 John Bozeman born in Pickens County, Georgia. He was an early Montana pioneer and helped create the Bozeman Trail through Wyoming Territory into the gold fields of southwest Montana Territory. He helped found his namesake city of Bozeman, Montana in 1864
Apr 22 Alexander Petrov (chess player) a Russian chess player, chess composer, and chess writer.
Apr 25 Gavriil Antonovich Katakazi a Russian diplomat and privy councillor, also notable as the father of Konstantin Katakazi, Russian ambassador to the United States.
Apr 27 Benjamin Hall 1st Baron Llanover a British civil engineer and politician.
Apr 30 Ignatius Bryanchaninov a bishop and theologian of the Russian Orthodox Church.
May 3 Fanny Tacchinardi Persiani an Italian soprano particularly associated with bel canto composers, such as Rossini, Donizetti, Bellini, and early Verdi. Her 'golden' period in Paris and London was between 1837 and 1848
May 6 Johann Caspar Aiblinger a German composer.
May 9 Jacques Joseph Champollion-Figeac a French archaeologist, elder brother of Jean-François Champollion.
May 12 Friedrich Wilhelm Eduard Gerhard a German archaeologist. He was co-founder and secretary of the first international archaeological society
May 14 Joseph Toussaint Reinaud a French orientalist.
May 17 Julius Léopold Eduard Avé-Lallemant a German botanist who was a native of Lübeck.
May 17 Takasugi Shinsaku a samurai from the Chōshū Domain of Japan who contributed significantly to the Meiji Restoration.
May 22 Edward Hodges Baily an English sculptor who was born in Downend in Bristol.
May 27 Thomas Bulfinch an American writer born in Newton, Massachusetts. Bulfinch belonged to a well-educated Bostonian merchant family of modest means. His father was Charles Bulfinch, the architect of the Massachusetts State House in Boston and parts of the U.S. Capitol in Washington, D.C.. Bulfinch supported himself through his position at the Merchants' Bank of Boston
May 30 Ramón Castilla a Peruvian caudillo and President of Peru two times. His earliest prominent appearance in Peruvian history began with his participation in a commanding role of the army of the Libertadores that helped Peru become an independent nation. Later, he led the country when the economy boomed due to the exploitation of guano deposits. Castilla's government abolished slavery and modernized the state
May 31 Théophile-Jules Pelouze a French chemist. He was born at Valognes, and died in Paris
Jun 1 Karl Georg Christian von Staudt now called Rothenburg ob der Tauber in Germany. From 1814 he studied in Gymnasium in Ausbach. He attended the University of Göttingen from 1818 to 1822 where he studied with Gauss who was director of the observatory. Staudt provided an ephemeris for the orbits of Mars and the asteroid Pallas. When in 1821 Comet Nicollet-Pons was observed, he provided the elements of its orbit. These accomplishments in astronomy earned him his doctorate from University of Erlangen in 1822
Jun 6 Archduchess Mathilda of Austria an Austrian noblewoman. She was the second daughter of Archduke Albert, Duke of Teschen and Princess Hildegard of Bavaria