Born in 1868

Jan 1 Snitz Edwards a character actor of the early years of the silent film era into the 1930s.
Jan 2 Arthur Gore (tennis) a former World 1 male tennis player from Great Britain. He is best known for his two Gold medals at the London Olympics in 1908 winning the Men's Indoor Singles and the Men's Indoor Doubles. He also competed at the 1912 Summer Olympics. His Wimbledon win at age 41 in 1909 makes him the oldest player to date to win the Wimbledon Men's Singles final
Jan 6 Ștefan Luchian a Romanian painter, famous for his landscapes and still life works.
Jan 6 Vittorio Monti an Italian composer, violinist, mandolinist and conductor. His most famous work is his Csárdás, written around 1904 and played by almost every gypsy orchestra
Jan 8 Frank Watson Dyson remembered today largely for introducing time signals from Greenwich, England, and for the role he played in proving Einstein's theory of general relativity.
Jan 9 S. P. L. Sørensen a Danish chemist, famous for the introduction of the concept of pH, a scale for measuring acidity and basicity. He was born in Havrebjerg, Denmark
Jan 11 Cai Yuanpei a Chinese educator, Esperantist, president of Peking University, and founder of the Academia Sinica. He was known for his critical evaluation of Chinese culture and synthesis of Chinese and Western thinking, including anarchism. At Peking University he assembled influential figures in the New Culture and May Fourth Movements
Jan 14 Noe Zhordania a Georgian journalist and Menshevik politician. He played an eminent role in the Social Democratic revolutionary movement in Imperial Russia, and later chaired the government of the Democratic Republic of Georgia from July 24, 1918 until March 18, 1921, when the Bolshevik Soviet Russian Red Army invasion of Georgia forced him into exile to France. There Zhordania led the government-in-exile until his death in 1953
Jan 16 Vladimir Andreevich Tranzschel a Russian botanist, mycologist and plant pathologist, especially an expert on rust fungi.
Jan 16 Armin Otto Leuschner an American astronomer and educator.
Jan 17 Louis Couturat a French logician, mathematician, philosopher, and linguist.
Jan 18 Huo Yuanjia a Chinese martial artist and a co-founder of the Chin Woo Athletic Association, a martial arts school in Shanghai. A practitioner of the martial art mizongyi, Huo is considered a hero in China for defeating foreign fighters in highly publicised matches at a time when Chinese sovereignty was being eroded by colonisation, foreign concessions and spheres of influence. Due to his heroic status, the legends and myths surrounding events in his life are difficult to discern from facts
Jan 18 Kantarō Suzuki an admiral in the Imperial Japanese Navy, member and final leader of the Imperial Rule Assistance Association and 42nd Prime Minister of Japan from 7 April-17 August 1945.
Jan 19 Gustav Meyrink the pseudonym of Gustav Meyer, an Austrian author, novelist, dramatist, translator, and banker, most famous for his novel The Golem. He has been described as the "most respected German language writer in the field of supernatural fiction"
Jan 20 Duncan McLean (footballer born 1869) a Scottish international footballer who played for Everton and Liverpool in the latter years of the 19th century.
Jan 20 Mohammad Farid about the Egyptian political figure. For the former Afghan football coach, see Mohammad Farid
Jan 21 Felix Hoffmann a German chemist, credited for the first synthesized medically useful forms of heroin and aspirin, while he was employed as a chemist at BayerAG.
Jan 23 János Erdélyi a Hungarian poet, critic, author, philosopher and ethnographist.
Jan 25 Juventino Rosas a Mexican composer and violinist.
Jan 28 Empress Dowager Longyu None
Jan 31 Theodore William Richards the first American scientist to receive the Nobel Prize in Chemistry, earning the award "in recognition of his exact determinations of the atomic weights of a large number of the chemical elements.".
Feb 1 Hovhannes Katchaznouni the first Prime Minister of the First Republic of Armenia from May 30, 1918 to May 28, 1919. He was a member of the Armenian Revolutionary Federation
Feb 1 René Jarry-Desloges a French amateur astronomer who worked at his own observatory.
Feb 4 Constance Markievicz an Irish Sinn Féin and Fianna Fáil politician, revolutionary nationalist, suffragette and socialist. In December 1918, she was the first woman elected to the British House of Commons, though she did not take her seat and, along with the other Sinn Féin TDs, formed the first Dáil Éireann. She was also one of the first women in the world to hold a cabinet position
Feb 8 Walter Rothschild 2nd Baron Rothschild a British banker, politician, and zoologist.
Feb 9 Max Seiffert a German musicologist and music arranger.
Feb 10 Prince Waldemar of Prussia (1868–1879) the sixth child of Crown Prince Friedrich , and Victoria, Princess Royal, the eldest daughter of the Queen Victoria.
Feb 10 William Allen White a renowned American newspaper editor, politician, author, and leader of the Progressive movement. Between 1896 and his death, White became the iconic spokesman for middle America
Feb 14 André Regaud a French shooter who competed at the 1908 Summer Olympics, the 1912 Summer Olympics and the 1920 Summer Olympics.
Feb 15 Émile Fisseux a French competitor in the sport of archery. Fisseux competed in one event in Archery at the 1900 Summer Olympics, taking third place in the 50 metre Au Cordon Doré competition. His score of 28 points was one point behind the second-place archer, Hubert Van Innis, and three points behind the winner, Henri Hérouin. While Fisseux received no medal at the time, he is currently considered to be a bronze medallist by the International Olympic Committee
Feb 16 Wilhelm Schmidt (linguist) an Austrian linguist, anthropologist, and ethnologist.
Feb 16 Edward S. Curtis an American ethnologist and photographer of the American West and of Native American peoples.
Feb 18 Lorenz Müller a German herpetologist.
Feb 20 Pompeu Fabra a Catalan engineer and grammarian. He was the main author of the normative reform of contemporary Catalan language
Feb 23 W. E. B. Du Bois William Edward Burghardt "W. B." Du Bois was an American sociologist, historian, civil rights activist, Pan-Africanist, author and editor. Born in Great Barrington, Massachusetts, Du Bois grew up in a relatively tolerant and integrated community. After graduating from Harvard, where he was the first African American to earn a doctorate, he became a professor of history, sociology and economics at Atlanta University. Du Bois was one of the co-founders of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People in 1909
Feb 23 Henry Bergman an American actor of stage and film, known for his long association with Charlie Chaplin.
Feb 23 Anna Hoffman-Uddgren a Swedish actress and cabaret singer, Music hall and Revue artist, theatre director and Film director. She was the first female Film director in Sweden. She was the daughter of Emma Hammarström and allegedly of King Oscar II of Sweden
Feb 24 Édouard Alphonse James de Rothschild an aristocrat, French financier and a member of the prominent Rothschild banking family of France.
Feb 26 Venceslau Brás a Brazilian politician. Brás was born in Brasópolis , Minas Gerais State. He became governor of that state in 1909, and in 1910 he was elected vice-president under Hermes Rodrigues da Fonseca. He was elected president in 1914 and served until 1918. His government declared war on the Central Powers in October 1917 during World War He was the longest-lived Brazilian president, reaching 98 years of age
Mar 1 Sophie Duchess of Hohenberg a Bohemian aristocrat from the then-Kingdom of Bohemia, the morganatic wife of Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria. Their assassination sparked World War She was granted the title of Duchess of Hohenberg with the style of Highness in 1909
Mar 1 Adolf von Trotha a German admiral in the Kaiserliche Marine from Koblenz, Rhenish Prussia.
Mar 1 Achille Paroche a French sport shooter who competed in the 1900 Summer Olympics and 1920 Summer Olympics.
Mar 2 Edmund Schulthess a Swiss politician and member of the Swiss Federal Council.
Mar 3 Émile Chartier a French philosopher, journalist, and pacifist.
Mar 5 Prosper Poullet a Belgian politician.
Mar 7 Giovanni Giacometti a Swiss painter. He was the father of artists Alberto and Diego Giacometti and architect Bruno Giacometti
Mar 13 Nikolai Yanushkevich a Russian General who served as Chief of Staff of the General Headquarters of the Imperial Russian Army from August 1914 to September 1915.
Mar 14 Emily Murphy a Canadian women's rights activist, jurist, and author. In 1916, she became the first female magistrate in Canada, and in the British Empire. She is best known for her contributions to Canadian feminism, specifically to the question of whether women were "persons" under Canadian law
Mar 16 James George Needham an American entomologist.
Mar 17 René de Saussure a Swiss Esperantist and professional mathematician , who composed important works about Esperanto and interlinguistics from a linguistic viewpoint. He was born in Geneva, Switzerland. His chef d'oeuvre is an analysis on the logic of word construction in Esperanto, Fundamentaj reguloj de la vortteorio en Esperanto, defending the language against several Idist critiques. He developed the concept of neceso kaj sufiĉo by which he opposed the criticism of Louis Couturat that Esperanto lacks recursion