Died in 1868

Jan 2 John Doyle (artist) a political cartoonist, caricaturist, painter and lithographer.
Jan 3 Moritz Hauptmann a German music theorist, teacher and composer.
Jan 8 Adolf Heinrich von Arnim-Boitzenburg a German statesman, and the first Prime Minister of Prussia.
Jan 10 Karol Szajnocha a Polish writer, historian, and independence activist. Self-taught, he would nonetheless become a notable Polish historian of the partitions period
Jan 11 Władysław Stanisław Zamoyski a Polish nobleman, politician, and general.
Jan 22 Charles Kean born at Waterford, Ireland, the son of the actor Edmund Kean.
Jan 23 Heinrich von Brandt a Prussian general and military author.
Jan 25 Alexander Roberts Dunn the first Canadian awarded the Victoria Cross, the highest and most prestigious award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth forces.
Jan 27 Walerian Łukasiński a Polish officer and political activist. Sentenced by Russian Imperial authorities to 14 years' imprisonment, he was never released and died after 46 years, becoming a symbol of the Polish struggle for independence
Jan 28 Adalbert Stifter an Austrian writer, poet, painter, and pedagogue. He was especially notable for the vivid natural landscapes depicted in his writing, and has long been popular in the German-speaking world, while almost entirely unknown to English readers
Jan 29 José María Achá a military general and president of Bolivia. He served in the battles of the Peru-Bolivian Confederation and conspired against longtime dictator Manuel Belzu. Later, he was appointed Minister of war in the cabinet of another dictator, José María Linares. In that capacity, he led the 1861 coup d'état that toppled Linares. Originally he governed as head of Junta, and then as sole leader of the revolutionary government
Jan 30 Hermann Guido von Samson-Himmelstjerna a Baltic German physician and professor of Staatsarzneikunde.
Feb 3 Karl Mathy a Badensian statesman.
Feb 10 David Brewster a Scottish physicist, mathematician, astronomer, inventor, writer, historian of science and university principal.
Feb 11 Léon Foucault a French physicist best known for his demonstration of the Foucault pendulum, a device demonstrating the effect of the Earth's rotation. He also made an early measurement of the speed of light, discovered eddy currents, and is credited with naming the gyroscope
Feb 12 Charles II Landgrave of Hesse-Philippsthal a member of the House of Hesse and was Landgrave of Hesse-Philippsthal from 1849 until 1866.
Feb 13 Charles Méryon a French artist, who worked almost entirely in etching, as he suffered from colour-blindness. Although now little-known in the English-speaking world, he is generally recognised as the most significant etcher of 19th century France. He also suffered from mental illness, dying in an asylum. His most famous work is a series of views of Paris
Feb 14 Emil Bærentzen a Danish portrait painter and lithographer, active during the Golden Age of Danish Painting.
Feb 15 William Rutter Dawes an English astronomer.
Feb 19 Venancio Flores a Uruguayan political leader and general. Flores was President of Uruguay from 1854 to 1855 and from 1865 to 1868
Feb 24 Carl Olof Rosenius a Swedish preacher, author and editor of the monthly Pietisten from 1842 to 1868.
Feb 25 Eyre Evans Crowe an English journalist and historian.
Feb 27 Arthur Anderson (businessman) a Scottish businessman and Liberal politician. He was co-founder of the Peninsular and Oriental Steam Navigation Company
Feb 29 Ludwig I of Bavaria king of Bavaria from 1825 until the 1848 revolutions in the German states.
Mar 1 Józef Simmler a Polish painter known for his classical style and his Polish subjects.
Mar 1 George Byron 7th Baron Byron a British naval officer, and the seventh Baron Byron, in 1824 succeeding his cousin the poet George Gordon Byron in that peerage. As a career naval officer, he was notable for being his predecessor's opposite in temperament and lifestyle
Mar 4 Jesse Chisholm a mixed blood Cherokee trader. His name is most famous because of the namesake cattle trail, which he originally scouted and developed to supply his various trading posts among the Plains Indians in what is now western Oklahoma. Although Chisholm died before the heyday of the Texas-Kansas cattle drives, he was nevertheless a participant in several important events in Texas and Oklahoma history
Mar 4 Carl Christian Vogel von Vogelstein a German painter.
Mar 6 Pyotr Gorchakov an Imperial Russian Army general from the Gorchakov family of Russian nobility.
Mar 10 Herman Wilhelm Bissen a Danish sculptor.
Mar 12 Ernest Doudart de Lagrée the leader of the French Mekong Expedition of 1866-1868.
Mar 12 Christian Friedrich Heinrich Wimmer a German botanist and educator who was a native of Breslau.
Mar 15 François-Édouard Picot a French painter during the July Monarchy, painting mythological, religious and historical subjects.
Mar 22 Hermann Gemmel a German architect, painter, and art teacher at the Kunstakademie Königsberg.
Mar 26 Sagara Sōzō the commanding officer of the Sekihōtai. After the battle of Toba and Fushimi, in 1868, it constitutes a civilian squad made principally of farmers and merchants. The group promised a reduction in taxes to the people who supported it; when Sagara was asked to return to the headquarters by the Meiji forces, Sagara decided not to because he believed it would be too soon. As a result the Meiji forces turned on the group, and Sagara, along with seven more leaders, were executed
Mar 28 James Brudenell 7th Earl of Cardigan an officer in the British Army who commanded the Light Brigade during the Crimean War. He led the Charge of the Light Brigade at the Battle of Balaclava
Mar 30 Julius Schoppe a German portrait, landscape, history and fresco painter in the Biedermeier style.
Mar 31 Ludwig Lange (architect) a German architect and landscape designer.
Apr 1 Rasoherina Queen of Madagascar from 1863 to 1868, succeeding her husband Radama II following his presumed assassination.
Apr 3 Franz Berwald a Swedish Romantic composer who was generally ignored during his lifetime. He made his living as an orthopedic surgeon and later as the manager of a saw mill and glass factory
Apr 4 Eduard van der Nüll an Austrian architect, who was one of the great masters in the historicist style of Vienna's Ringstrasse.
Apr 7 Thomas D'Arcy McGee an Irish Nationalist, Catholic spokesman, journalist, and a Father of Canadian Confederation. He fought for the development of Irish and Canadian national identities that would transcend their component groups. He is, to date, the only Canadian victim of political assassination at the federal level
Apr 13 Tewodros II the Emperor of Ethiopia from 1855 until his death.
Apr 23 Ramón María Narváez 1st Duke of Valencia a Spanish soldier and statesman.
Apr 29 Mary Euphrasia Pelletier a French Roman Catholic nun, best known as the foundress of the Congregation of Our Lady of Charity of the Good Shepherd.
May 1 Tom Dula a former Confederate soldier, who was tried, convicted, and hanged for the murder of his fiancée, Laura Foster. The trial and hanging received national publicity from newspapers such as The New York Times, thus turning Dula's story into a folk legend. While the murder happened in Wilkes County, North Carolina, the trial, conviction, and execution took place in Statesville. There was considerable controversy surrounding his conviction and execution. In subsequent years, a folk song was written , and many oral traditions were passed down, regarding the sensational occurrences surrounding the murder of Foster, and Dula's subsequent execution. The Kingston Trio recorded a hit version of the murder ballad in 1958
May 7 Henry Brougham 1st Baron Brougham and Vaux a British statesman who became Lord Chancellor of Great Britain.
May 10 Henry Bennett (U.S. politician) an American politician and a United States Representative from New York.
May 11 John Crawfurd a Scottish physician, colonial administrator and diplomat, and author. He is now best known for his work on Asian languages, his History of the Indian Archipelago, and his role in founding Singapore
May 13 Afanasy Grigoriev a Russian Neoclassical architect, who worked in Moscow and its suburbs. Grigoriev is remembered for his refined Empire style mansions, completion of Great Ascension Church and assistance to Domenico Giliardi in rebuilding Moscow after the Great Fire of 1812