Died in 1869

Jan 1 Martin W. Bates a lawyer and politician from Dover, in Kent County, Delaware. He was a member of the Federalist Party, and then the Democratic Party, who served in the Delaware General Assembly and as U.S. Senator from Delaware
Jan 1 James B. Longacre an American portraitist and engraver, and from 1844 until his death the fourth Chief Engraver of the United States Mint. Longacre is best known for designing the Indian Head cent, which entered commerce in 1859, and for the designs of the Shield nickel, Flying Eagle cent and other coins of the mid-19th century
Jan 8 James Gordon (Royal Navy officer) a distinguished British officer in the Royal Navy. He spent 75 years in the service, rising from the rank of midshipman to admiral of the fleet, and seeing action in the Napoleonic Wars and the War of 1812. Historian Bryan Perrett has suggested that his career was the model for events in the Horatio Hornblower novels of S. Forester
Jan 10 John Cassin an American ornithologist. A Pennsylvania Quaker and businessman, he took up an unpaid position as curator of the Philadelphia Academy of Natural Sciences and published several books, and described numerous species of bird
Jan 12 Désiré Dalloz a French jurist, politician and publisher.
Jan 14 Moritz Ludwig Frankenheim a German physicist, geographer, and crystallographer.
Jan 17 Alexander Dargomyzhsky a 19th-century Russian composer. He bridged the gap in Russian opera composition between Mikhail Glinka and the later generation of The Five and Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky
Jan 18 Bertalan Szemere a Hungarian poet and nationalist who became the third Prime Minister of Hungary during the short period of the Hungarian Revolution of 1848 when Hungary was independent of rule by the Austrian Empire.
Jan 19 Carl Reichenbach a notable chemist, geologist, metallurgist, naturalist, industrialist and philosopher, and a member of the prestigious Prussian Academy of Sciences. He is best known for his discoveries of several chemical products of economic importance, extracted from tar, such as eupione, waxy paraffin, pittacal and phenol. He also dedicated himself in his last years to research an unproved field of energy combining electricity, magnetism and heat, emanating from all living things, which he called the Odic force
Jan 20 Karl Wilhelm Göttling a German philologist and classical scholar.
Jan 20 James Backhouse a botanist and missionary for the Quaker church in Australia.
Jan 22 Prince Leopold Duke of Brabant the second child and only son and heir apparent of Leopold II of Belgium and his wife, Archduchess Marie Henriette of Austria.
Jan 26 Duncan Gordon Boyes an English recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest and most prestigious award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth forces. He won the award during the Shimonoseki Expedition, Japan in 1864
Jan 26 Ernest Charles Jones an English poet, novelist, and Chartist.
Jan 30 William Carleton an Irish writer and novelist. He is best known for his Traits and Stories of the Irish Peasantry a collection of ethnic sketches of the stereotypical Irishman
Jan 31 Gérard Daniel Westendorp a Dutch born, Belgian military physician and botanist.
Feb 3 Pyotr Kleinmichel Minister of Transport of Imperial Russia.
Feb 6 Carlo Cattaneo an Italian philosopher, writer and patriot.
Feb 15 Ghalib the preeminent Indian Urdu and Persian poet during the last years of the Mughal Empire. He used his pen-names of Ghalib and Asad. His honorific was Dabir-ul-Mulk, Najm-ud-Daula. During his lifetime the Mughals were eclipsed and displaced by the British and finally deposed following the defeat of the Indian rebellion of 1857, events that he wrote Most notably, he wrote several ghazals during his life, which have since been interpreted and sung in many different ways by different people. Ghalib, the last great poet of the Mughal Era, is considered to be one of the most popular and influential poets of the Urdu language. Today Ghalib remains popular not only in India and Pakistan but also amongst diaspora communities around the world
Feb 16 Basil of Pavlovsky Posad a Russian saint, glorified in 1999 for living a righteous life.
Feb 28 Alphonse de Lamartine a French writer, poet and politician who was instrumental in the foundation of the Second Republic and the continuation of the Tricolore as the flag of France.
Mar 2 Hugh Gough 1st Viscount Gough a British Army officer. After serving as a junior officer at the seizure of the Cape of Good Hope during the French Revolutionary Wars, Gough commanded the 2nd Battalion of the 87th Regiment of Foot during the Peninsular War. After serving as commander-in-chief of the British forces in China during the First Opium War, he became Commander-in-Chief, India and led the British forces in action against the Mahrattas defeating them decisively at the conclusion of the Gwalior Campaign and then commanded the troops that defeated the Sikhs during both the First Anglo-Sikh War and the Second Anglo-Sikh War
Mar 8 Hector Berlioz a French Romantic composer, best known for his compositions Symphonie fantastique and Grande messe des morts. Berlioz made significant contributions to the modern orchestra with his Treatise on Instrumentation. He specified huge orchestral forces for some of his works, and conducted several concerts with more than 1,000 musicians. He also composed around 50 songs. His influence was critical for the further development of Romanticism, especially in composers like Richard Wagner, Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov, Franz Liszt, Richard Strauss, Gustav Mahler and many others
Mar 10 Carl Theodor Welcker a German law professor, politician and journalist.
Mar 11 Vladimir Odoyevsky a prominent Russian philosopher, writer, music critic, philanthropist and pedagogue. He became known as the "Russian Hoffmann" on account of his keen interest in phantasmagoric tales and musical criticism
Mar 11 Christian August II Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Augustenburg a claimant of the rulership of the provinces of Slesvig and Holstein, and a fiefholder of Augustenborg and Sønderborg. He was a prince of the House of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Augustenburg and a cadet-line descendant of the Danish royal House of Oldenburg
Mar 12 Aron of Kangeq a Greenland Inuit hunter, painter, and oral historian. His woodcuts and watercolors are noted for their depiction of Inuit culture and history, and the often violent encounters between Inuit and Danish colonizers. His storytelling is known to children's literature in Greenland
Mar 13 James Guthrie (Kentucky) a U.S. Senator from Kentucky and served as Secretary of the Treasury in the administration of President Franklin Pierce
Mar 21 Juan Almonte a 19th-century Mexican official, soldier and diplomat. He was a veteran of the Battle of the Alamo during the Texas Revolution. Almonte was also a leader of Mexico's Conservatives in the 1860s and served as regent after the Second Mexican Empire was established by Napoleon III of France
Mar 24 Antoine-Henri Jomini a Swiss officer who served as a general in the French and later in the Russian service, and one of the most celebrated writers on the Napoleonic art of war. According to the historian John Shy, Jomini "deserves the dubious title of founder of modern strategy." Jomini's ideas were a staple at military academies. The senior generals of the American Civil War—those who had attended West Point—were well versed in Jomini's theories
Mar 25 Iginio Ugo Tarchetti an Italian author, poet, and journalist.
Mar 26 Raynold Kaufgetz a Swiss soldier, politician and economist, best known for devising cyclical fiat currency theory. Kaufgetz was also an amateur biologist and animal breeder
Mar 26 James Hutchinson Woodworth a former member of the Illinois State Senate and the Illinois State House of Representatives, served as a Chicago Alderman, was elected to consecutive terms as Mayor of Chicago, Illinois as an Independent Democrat, and served one term in the US House of Representatives as a member of the Republican Party. Woodworth completed his career in Chicago as one of the city's most noteworthy bankers. He is a member of the Woodworth political family
Mar 31 Allan Kardec the pen name of the French educator, translator and author Hippolyte Léon Denizard Rivail. He is known today as the systematizer of Spiritism for which he laid the foundation with the five books of the Spiritist Codification. His books have sold millions of copies
Apr 1 Alexander Dreyschock a Czech pianist and composer.
Apr 2 Christian Erich Hermann von Meyer a German palaeontologist. He was awarded the 1858 Wollaston medal by the Geological Society of London
Apr 10 Vyacheslav Schwarz a Russian history and genre painter.
Apr 11 Claude-Philibert Barthelot comte de Rambuteau a French senior official of the first half of the 19th century. He was Préfet of the former Départment of the Seine, which included Paris, from 1833 to 1848. He established the groundwork for the fundamental transformation of Paris that Haussmann carried out under the Second Empire
Apr 12 Princess Ida of Waldeck and Pyrmont a member of the House of Waldeck and Pyrmont and a Princess of Waldeck and Pyrmont. Through her marriage to George William, Prince of Schaumburg-Lippe, Ida was also a member of the House of Lippe and Princess consort of Schaumburg-Lippe
Apr 15 August Wilhelm Bach a German composer and organist. He is unrelated to the family of Johann Sebastian Bach. He studied with his father, Gottfried, as well as with Carl Friedrich Zelter and Ludwig Berger. In 1832, he succeeded Zelter as the director of the Royal Institute of Church Music in Berlin. He also taught at the Royal Academy of Arts. His compositions largely consist of sacred works and works for keyboard. He also wrote a pipe organ method and a hymnbook
Apr 16 Cesare Alfieri di Sostegno an Italian politician and diplomat. He was prime minister of the Kingdom of Sardinia from 27 July 1848 to 15 August 1848
Apr 18 Giuseppe Giacinto Moris an Italian botanist known for investigations of flora native to Sardinia.
Apr 20 Carl Loewe a German composer, baritone singer and conductor. In his lifetime, his songs were well enough known for some to call him the "Schubert of North Germany", and Hugo Wolf came to admire his work. He is less known today, but his ballads and songs, which number over 400, are occasionally performed
Apr 22 Nikolay Shcherbina a Russian poet of the 19th century.
May 1 Frédéric Cailliaud a French naturalist, mineralogist and conchologist. He was born, and died, in Nantes
May 2 Alexander Sergeyevich Menshikov a Finnish-Russian nobleman, military commander and statesman. He was made adjutant general in 1817 and admiral in 1833
May 4 Thomas Langlois Lefroy an Irish-Huguenot politician and judge. He served as an MP for the constituency of Dublin University in 1830–1841, Privy Councillor of Ireland in 1835–1869 and Lord Chief Justice of Ireland in 1852–1866
May 7 George Gawler the second governor of South Australia; from 17 October 1838 until 15 May 1841.
May 10 Bernhard Molique a German violinist and composer.
May 11 Juraj Haulik a Croatian cardinal in the Roman Catholic Church of Slovak ethnicity and the first archbishop of Zagreb. He was also acting ban of Croatia for two separate terms