1869 events in history

Jan 13 National convention of black leaders meets in Washington, D.C
Jan 27 Boshin War: Tokugawa rebels establish the Ezo Republic in Hokkaidō
Feb 5 The largest alluvial gold nugget in history, called the "Welcome Stranger", is found in Moliagul, Victoria, Australia
Mar 6 Dmitri Mendeleev presents the first periodic table to the Russian Chemical Society
Mar 24 The last of Titokowaru's forces surrendered to the New Zealand government, ending his uprising
Apr 6 Celluloid is patented
Apr 28 Chinese and Irish laborers for the Central Pacific Railroad working on the First Transcontinental Railroad lay 10 miles of track in one day, a feat which has never been matched
May 1 The Folies Bergère opens in Paris
May 4 The Naval Battle of Hakodate Bay is fought in Japan
May 10 The First Transcontinental Railroad, linking the eastern and western United States, is completed at Promontory Summit, Utah (not Promontory Point, Utah) with the golden spike
May 15 Women's suffrage: in New York, Susan B. Anthony and Elizabeth Cady Stanton form the National Woman Suffrage Association
May 17 Imperial Japanese forces defeat the remnants of the Tokugawa shogunate in the Battle of Hakodate to end the Boshin War
May 26 Boston University is chartered by the Commonwealth of Massachusetts
Jul 25 The Japanese daimyo begin returning their land holdings to the emperor as part of the Meiji Restoration reforms. (Traditional Japanese Date: June 17, 1869)
Aug 2 Japan's samurai, farmer, artisan, merchant class system (Shinōkōshō) is abolished as part of the Meiji Restoration reforms. (Traditional Japanese date: June 25, 1869)
Aug 15 The Meiji government in Japan establishes six new ministries, including one for Shinto
Aug 16 Battle of Acosta Ñu: A Paraguayan battalion made up of children is massacred by the Brazilian Army during the Paraguayan War
Aug 29 The Mount Washington Cog Railway opens, making it the world's first mountain-climbing rack railway
Sep 22 Richard Wagner's opera Das Rheingold premieres in Munich
Sep 24 "Black Friday": Gold prices plummet after Ulysses S. Grant orders the Treasury to sell large quantities of gold after Jay Gould and James Fisk plot to control the market
Oct 5 The Saxby Gale devastates the Bay of Fundy region of Maritime Canada. The storm had been predicted over a year before by a British naval officer
Oct 16 The Cardiff Giant, one of the most famous American hoaxes, is "discovered"
Oct 16 Girton College, Cambridge is founded, becoming England's first residential college for women
Nov 6 In New Brunswick, New Jersey, Rutgers College defeats Princeton University (then known as the College of New Jersey), 6–4, in the first official intercollegiate American football game
Nov 11 The Victorian Aboriginal Protection Act is enacted in Australia, giving the government control of indigenous people's wages, their terms of employment, where they could live, and of their children, effectively leading to the Stolen Generations
Nov 17 In Egypt, the Suez Canal, linking the Mediterranean Sea with the Red Sea, is inaugurated
Nov 22 In Dumbarton, Scotland, the clipper Cutty Sark is launched and is one of the last clippers ever built, and the only one still surviving today
Dec 7 American outlaw Jesse James commits his first confirmed bank robbery in Gallatin, Missouri
Dec 10 The Kappa Sigma Fraternity is founded at the University of Virginia