Born in 1870

Jan 1 Louis Vauxcelles an influential French art critic. He is credited with coining the terms Fauvism , and Cubism
Jan 2 Ernst Barlach a German expressionist sculptor, printmaker and writer. Although he was a supporter of the war in the years leading to World War I, his participation in the war made him change his position, and he is mostly known for his sculptures protesting against the war. This created many conflicts during the rise of the Nazi Party, when most of his works were confiscated as degenerate art
Jan 3 Walter Bartley Wilson seen as the mainstay in the foundation of Cardiff City Football Club.
Jan 3 Henry Handel Richardson an Australian author.
Jan 4 Georg Escherich a German politician, representative of the Bavarian People's Party. By profession he was a forester
Jan 4 Princess Maria Theresa of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rosenberg a Princess of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rosenberg and a member of the House of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rosenberg by birth and an Infanta of Portugal, Duchess consort of Braganza, and titular Queen consort of Portugal through her marriage to Miguel, Duke of Braganza, Miguelist claimant to the throne of Portugal from 1866 to 1920.
Jan 4 Percy Pitt an English organist and conductor.
Jan 6 Gilbert Laws (sailor) a British sailor who competed in the 1908 Summer Olympics.
Jan 6 Gustav Bauer a German Social Democratic Party leader and Chancellor of Germany from 1919 to 1920. He served as head of government for a total of 219 days. Prior to becoming head of government, Bauer had been Minister of Labour in the first democratically elected German cabinet. After his cabinet resigned in March 1920, Bauer served as vice-chancellor, Minister of Transportation, and Minister of the Treasury in other cabinets of the Weimar Republic
Jan 7 Paul Uhlenhuth a German bacteriologist and hygienist and an assistant professor at the Institute of Hygiene at the University of Greifswald. He is famous in the annals of forensic science for developing the species precipitin test which could distinguish human blood from animal blood
Jan 7 Gordon Hewart 1st Viscount Hewart a politician and judge in the United Kingdom.
Jan 8 Burton Holmes an American traveler, photographer and filmmaker, who coined the term "travelogue".
Jan 8 Miguel Primo de Rivera a dictator, aristocrat, and military officer who served as Prime Minister of Spain from 1923 to 1930 during Spain's Restoration era. He deeply believed that it was the politicians who had ruined Spain and that governing without them he could restore the nation. His slogan was "Country, Religion, Monarchy." Historians depict him as an inept dictator who lacked clear ideas and political acumen, and who alienated his potential supporters such as the Army. He did not create a base of support among the voters, and depended instead on elite elements. His actions discredited the king and ruined the monarchy, while heightening social tensions that led in 1936 to a full-scale Spanish Civil War
Jan 9 Amadeus William Grabau an expatriate American geologist.
Jan 9 Joseph Strauss (engineer) an American structural engineer, best known for being the chief engineer of the Golden Gate Bridge.
Jan 10 Henri Rinck a French chess study composer, considered one of the most important early figures in the field.
Jan 11 Alexander Stirling Calder an American sculptor and teacher. Son of the sculptor Alexander Milne Calder and father of the sculptor Alexander Calder, his best-known works are George Washington as President on the Washington Square Arch in New York City, the Swann Memorial Fountain in Philadelphia, and the Leif Eriksson Memorial in Reykjavík, Iceland
Jan 12 Karel Burian a renowned Czech operatic tenor who had an active international career spanning the 1890s to the 1920s. A Heldentenor, Burian earned acclaim in Europe and America for his powerful performances of the heaviest Wagnerian roles. His voice is preserved on numerous recordings made for Pathé Records, the Gramophone Company, the Gramophone & Typewriter Company and the Victor Recording Company
Jan 13 Jędrzej Moraczewski a Polish socialist politician who served as the first Prime Minister of the Second Polish Republic between November 1918 and January 1919. He had previously served as Minister of Communications. Subsequently, from 1925 to 1929, he served as Minister of Public Labour
Jan 13 Ross Granville Harrison an American biologist and anatomist credited as the first to work successfully with artificial tissue culture.
Jan 14 George Pearce an Australian politician who was instrumental in founding the Australian Labor Party in Western Australia. He was also involved in the Emu war of 1932
Jan 15 Pierre S. du Pont an American entrepreneur. He was president of the I. du Pont de Nemours and Company from 1915 to 1919, and served on its Board of Directors until 1940. He also managed General Motors from 1915-1920, became GM's president in 1920, and served on GM's Board of Directors until 1928
Jan 16 Kita Abashidze a Georgian literary critic, journalist, and politician.
Jan 16 Jüri Jaakson an Estonian businessman and politician.
Jan 17 Princess Marie Louise of Bourbon-Parma the eldest daughter of Robert I, the last reigning Duke of Parma. She became Princess-consort of Bulgaria upon her marriage to Ferdinand of Bulgaria, the then prince-regnant. She was the mother of Tsar Boris III of Bulgaria
Jan 19 Maria Yakunchikova a Russian painter, graphic artist, and embroiderer.
Jan 20 Guillaume Lekeu a Belgian composer of classical music.
Jan 22 Charles Tournemire a French composer and organist, notable partly for his improvisations, which were often rooted in the music of Gregorian chant. His compositions include eight symphonies , four operas, twelve chamber works and eighteen piano solos; but today he is recollected largely on the strength of his organ music, and by far the best known piece from his pen is L'Orgue Mystique
Jan 23 William G. Morgan the inventor of volleyball, originally called "Mintonette". He was born in Lockport, New York, USA. Morgan was the eldest of his siblings. His parents were George Henry Morgan and Nancy Chatfield. He later married Mary King Caldwell and had 4 children
Jan 23 Ole Sæther a Norwegian rifle shooter who competed in the early 20th century. He won several Olympic medals
Jan 24 Herbert Kilpin an English football pioneer, player and manager. He is best known as the founder of Italian club A.C. Milan
Jan 24 Grigory Gurkin a Russian landscape painter, the first professional artist of Altay ethnic origin. He is notable for his Altay mountain landscapes
Jan 25 Helge von Koch a Swedish mathematician who gave his name to the famous fractal known as the Koch snowflake, one of the earliest fractal curves to be described.
Jan 26 Peter Berngardovich Struve a Russian political economist, philosopher and editor. He started out as a Marxist, later became a liberal and after the Bolshevik revolution joined the White movement. From 1920 he lived in exile in Paris, where he was a prominent critic of Russian Communism
Jan 27 Stanisław Stempowski a Polish-Ukrainian politician and Grand Master of the National Grand Lodge of Poland.
Jan 29 Arkady Rylov a Russian and Soviet Symbolist painter.
Jan 30 Rudolf Louis an influential German music critic and conductor.
Feb 2 Fyodor Kryukov a Cossack writer and soldier in the White Army, died in 1920 of typhoid fever. Various literary critics, most notably Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn and Roy Medvedev, claimed that Mikhail Sholokov plagiarised his work in order to write major parts of And Quiet Flows the Don. This was also the conclusion of a statistical analysis by P. and G. Fomenko. Their conclusion has been questioned by a more recent analysis. Ze'ev Bar-Sela believes that although the book was plagiarised, it was plagiarised from Venyamin Alekseevich Krasnushkin , and not from Kryukov. A 1984 monograph by Geir Kjetsaa and others concluded through statistical analyses that Sholokhov was the likely author of Don
Feb 3 Ada Negri an Italian poet and writer.
Feb 3 Annette Kolb the working name of German author and pacifist Anna Mathilde Kolb. She became active in pacifist causes during World War I and this caused her political difficulties from then She left Germany in the 1920s and her works were banned during the Third Reich. She wrote novels on high society and in later life wrote nonfiction about musicians. In 1955 she won the Goethe Prize
Feb 4 Constant van Langhendonck a Belgian horse rider who competed in the 1900 Olympic Games.
Feb 5 C. E. Brock a widely published English line artist and book illustrator, who signed his work E. Brock. He was the eldest of four artist brothers, including Henry Matthew Brock, also an illustrator
Feb 5 Alfred Adler an Austrian medical doctor, psychotherapist, and founder of the school of individual psychology. His emphasis on the importance of feelings of inferiority—the inferiority complex—is recognized as isolating an element which plays a key role in personality development. Alfred Adler considered human beings as an individual whole, therefore he called his psychology "Individual Psychology"
Feb 7 Cornelis Dopper a Dutch composer, conductor and teacher.
Feb 8 Ivan Tišov a Croatian painter. He studied art at the Academy of Fine Arts, Munich, bringing back ideas from the Munich Secession movement to Zagreb. He is best known for his work in public and government buildings in Zagreb, and paintings in churches in his native Slavonia in north-east Croatia
Feb 8 Michał Radziwiłł Rudy a nobleman and diplomat.
Feb 10 Fritz Klimsch a German sculptor.
Feb 10 Alessandro Bonci an Italian lyric tenor known internationally for his association with the bel canto repertoire. He sang at many famous theatres, including New York's Metropolitan Opera, Milan's La Scala and London's Royal Opera House, Covent Garden
Feb 11 Willie Stewart a Scottish footballer who was born in Coupar Angus. He played as an inside forward before switching to his favoured half back position. He joined Newton Heath from Warwick County in July 1889. At Newton Heath, which was renamed Manchester United in 1902, he scored a goal in the club's first Football Alliance match against Sunderland Albion on 21 September 1889. On 7 April 1890, he scored Newton Heath's first ever hat-trick against Small Heath. In the 1892-93 season, he helped the club gain League status. After scoring 23 goals in 149 appearances for the Heathens, he left the club in May 1895 for Luton Town. At the end of the career, he joined Thames Ironworks
Feb 12 Marie Lloyd an English music hall singer, comedian and musical theatre actress during the late 19th and early 20th centuries. She was best known for her performances of songs such as "The Boy I Love Is Up in the Gallery", "My Old Man " and "Oh Mr Porter What Shall I Do". She received both criticism and praise for her use of innuendo and double entendre during her performances, and enjoyed a long and prosperous career, during which she was affectionately called the "Queen of the Music Hall"