Died in 1870

Jan 1 Lavrenti Ardaziani a Georgian writer and journalist and one of the forerunners of Georgian realistic fiction prose.
Jan 3 George Samuel Perrottet a Swiss-born, French botanist and horticulturalist who was a native of Vully, canton Vaud.
Jan 5 Friedrich Calker educated in Jena. For a short time, he was a lecturer in Berlin. In 1818, he was called to an extraordinary professorship in the newly founded University of Bonn, becoming an ordinary professor in 1826. He substantially echoed the ideas of his teacher Jakob Fries. His two major works are Urgesetzlehre des Wahren, Guten und Schönen und Denklehre
Jan 9 De Lacy Evans a British Army general who served in four wars in which the United Kingdom's troops took part in the 19th century. He was later a long-serving Member of Parliament
Jan 11 Victor Noir famous for the manner of his death and its political consequences. His tomb in the Père Lachaise Cemetery in Paris later became a fertility symbol
Jan 17 Alexander Anderson (illustrator) an American illustrator.
Jan 18 Samuel Bailey a British philosopher and writer. He was called the "Bentham of Hallamshire"
Jan 21 Alexander Herzen a Russian writer and thinker known as the "father of Russian socialism" and one of the main fathers of agrarian populism. He is held responsible for creating a political climate leading to the emancipation of the serfs in 1861. His autobiography My Past and Thoughts, written with grace, energy, and ease, is often considered the best specimen of that genre in Russian literature. He also published the important social novel Who is to Blame?
Jan 23 Alexander Veltman one of the most successful Russian prose writers of the 1830s and 1840s, "popular for various modes of Romantic fiction — historical, Gothic, fantastic, and folkloristic". He was one of the pioneers of Russian science fiction
Jan 25 Victor de Broglie (1785–1870) a French statesman and diplomat. He was twice President of the Council during the July Monarchy, from August 1830 to November 1830 and from March 1835 to February 1836. Victor de Broglie was close to the liberal Doctrinaires who opposed the ultra-royalists and were absorbed, under Louis-Philippe's rule, by the Orléanists
Jan 25 Wilhelm Moritz Keferstein a German naturalist. He described a number of reptiles and amphibians for the first time
Jan 29 Leopold II Grand Duke of Tuscany Grand Duke of Tuscany.
Jan 31 Cilibi Moise a Moldavian-born Wallachian and Romanian peddler, humorist, aphorist, and raconteur. He is best known for the aphorisms and anecdotes attributed to him, which, although recorded in Romanian, represent an important segment of the local secular Jewish culture and Jewish humor in the 19th century. Moise relied on others to record his own creations, and these often refer to him using the third person, which made him a stock character
Feb 1 Auguste Regnaud de Saint-Jean d'Angély a Marshal of France, soldier and politician.
Feb 1 Florent Prévost a French naturalist and illustrator.
Feb 3 Joseph-Henri Léveillé a French physician and mycologist who was a native of Crux-la-Ville, in the department of Nièvre.
Feb 3 Konstantin Danzas a Russian Major General, a friend of Alexander Pushkin, and his second in a duel with d'Anthès.
Feb 3 Allen Trimble a Federalist and National Republican politician from Ohio. Son of James Trimble and Jane Allen. He served as the eighth and tenth Governor of Ohio, first concurrently as Senate Speaker, later elected twice in his own right
Feb 11 Carlos Soublette President of Venezuela 1837-1839 and 1843–1847, and a hero of the Venezuelan War of Independence.
Feb 13 Franz Unger an Austrian botanist, paleontologist and plant physiologist.
Feb 14 St. John Richardson Liddell a prominent Louisiana planter who served as a general in the Confederate States Army during the American Civil War. He was an outspoken proponent of Southern emancipation of slaves. Liddell was murdered by a former Confederate Officer near his home in 1870
Feb 25 Henrik Hertz a Danish poet.
Feb 25 Karl Mayer (poet) a German jurist and poet of the Swabian school of poets, the circle of Justinus Kerner and the Serach poets' circle under count Alexander von Württemberg. His younger brother Louis Mayer was a landscape painter
Mar 1 Francisco Solano López president of Paraguay from 1862 until his death in 1870. He was the eldest son of Juana Pabla Carrillo and the president Carlos Antonio López, who had left his son a prosperous nation
Mar 3 Friedrich Boie a German scientist and brother of Heinrich Boie. He was born at Meldorf in Holstein and died at Kiel.in 1860 he was elected a Member of the German Academy of Sciences Leopoldina Boie was the author of Bemerkungen über Merrem's Versuch eines Systems der Amphibien. Also an ornithologist he wrote Auszüge aus dem "System der Ornithologie" Isis Oken 1844. Friedrich Boie was the author of several bird species and the hummingbird genus Glaucis, the swallow genus Progne, the cuckoo-shrike genus Minivet, the passerine genus Lipaugus, the owl genus Athene and among other genera the genus Chrysococcyx
Mar 6 Alois Bubák a Czech painter of landscapes and an illustrator.
Mar 9 Théodore Labarre a French harpist and composer. He lived in Paris and in London and was awarded the Prix de Rome in 1823 as well as the Légion d'honneur in 1862. He was a professor of harp at the Conservatoire de Paris since 1867
Mar 10 Ignaz Moscheles a Bohemian composer and piano virtuoso, whose career after his early years was based initially in London, and later at Leipzig, where he succeeded his friend and sometime pupil Felix Mendelssohn as head of the Conservatoire.
Mar 11 Moshoeshoe I born at Menkhoaneng in the northern part of present-day Lesotho. He was the first son of Mokhachane, a minor chief of the Bamokoteli lineage- a branch of the Koena clan. In his early childhood, he helped his father gain power over some other smaller clans. At the age of 34 Moshoeshoe formed his own clan and became a chief. He and his followers settled at the Butha-Buthe Mountain
Mar 13 Charles Forbes René de Montalembert a French publicist, historian and Count of Montalembert, Deux-Sèvres.
Mar 26 Michal Miloslav Hodža a Slovak national revivalist, Protestant priest, poet, linguist, and representative of the Slovakian national movement in 1840's as a member of "the trinity" Štúr – Hurban – Hodža. Michal Miloslav Hodža is also the uncle of the Czechoslovak politician Milan Hodža
Mar 26 Charles Green (balloonist) the United Kingdom's most famous balloonist of the 19th century. He experimented with coal gas as a cheaper and more readily available alternative to hydrogen for lifting power. His first ascent was in a coal gas balloon on 19 July 1821. He became a professional balloonist and had made 200 ascents by 1835. In 1836, he set a major long distance record in the balloon "Royal Vauxhall", flying overnight from Vauxhall Gardens in London to Weilburg, Duchy of Nassau a distance of 480 miles : this record was not broken until 1907. By the time he retired in 1852, he had flown in a balloon more than 500 times
Mar 28 George Henry Thomas a United States Army officer and a Union general during the American Civil War, one of the principal commanders in the Western Theater.
Mar 29 Paul-Émile Botta a French scientist who served as Consul in Mosul from 1842.
Apr 2 Patrick Gass served as sergeant in the Lewis and Clark Expedition. He was important to the expedition because of his service as a carpenter, and he published the first journal of the expedition in 1807, seven years before the first publication based on Lewis and Clark's journals
Apr 3 Philipp Jaffé a German historian and philologist. The Schwersenz native, despite discrimination against his Jewish religion, was one of the most important German medievalists of the 19th century
Apr 4 Heinrich Gustav Magnus a notable experimental scientist. His training was mostly in chemistry but his later research was mostly in physics. He spent the great bulk of his career at the University of Berlin, where he is remembered for his laboratory teaching as much as for his original research. He did not use his first given name, and was known throughout his life as Gustav Magnus
Apr 4 Franz Josef Ruprecht an Austrian-born physician and botanist active in the Russian Empire, where he was known as Frants Ivanovič Ruprekht.
Apr 4 Owen Wynne Jones a Welsh clergyman and author.
Apr 5 Vasily Berkov a Russian shipbuilder and from 1829-1870 Director of the Admiralty Shipyard of Saint Petersburg, possibly in the rank of Counter-Admiral. Berkov deserves special credit for his translations of West-European literature on shipbuilding, into the Russian language. He was one of the so-called Rusluie, a Dutch community in 18th and 19th century Saint Petersburg, most of whose members originated from Vriezenveen
Apr 8 Charles Auguste de Bériot a Belgian violinist and composer.
Apr 11 Justo José de Urquiza an Argentine general and politician. He was president of the Argentine Confederation from 1854 to 1860
Apr 13 Heinrich von Heß an Austrian soldier and field marshal, who entered the army in 1805 and was soon employed as a staff officer on survey work.
Apr 15 Władysław Hieronim Sanguszko a Polish nobleman, landowner, conservative politician.
Apr 17 Marie-Caroline de Bourbon-Sicile duchess de Berry the daughter of the future King Francis I of the Two Sicilies and his first wife, Maria Clementina of Austria.
Apr 19 Camille-Marie Stamaty a French pianist, piano teacher and composer predominantly of piano music and studies. Today largely forgotten, he was one of the preeminent piano teachers in 19th century Paris. His most famous pupils were Louis Moreau Gottschalk and Camille Saint-Saëns
Apr 19 Andreas Schelfhout a Dutch painter, etcher and lithographer, known for his landscape paintings.
Apr 24 Louisa Stuart Costello a writer on travel and French history.
Apr 24 Nestor Roqueplan a French writer, journalist, and theatre director.
Apr 25 Daniel Maclise an Irish history, literary and portrait painter, and illustrator, who worked for most of his life in London, England.