1871 in history

1871 events chronologically

Jan 2 Amadeus I becomes King of Spain
Jan 18 Wilhelm I of Germany is proclaimed the first German Emperor in the Hall of Mirrors of the Palace of Versailles (France) towards the end of the Franco-Prussian War. The empire is known as the Second Reich to Germans
Jan 19 Franco-Prussian War: In the Siege of Paris, Prussia wins the Battle of St. Quentin. Meanwhile, the French attempt to break the siege in the Battle of Buzenval will end unsuccessfully the following day
Jan 28 Franco-Prussian War: the Siege of Paris ends in French defeat and an armistice
Feb 17 The victorious Prussian Army parades through Paris, France after the end of the Siege of Paris during the Franco-Prussian War
Mar 18 Declaration of the Paris Commune; President of the French Republic, Adolphe Thiers, orders the evacuation of Paris
Mar 21 Journalist Henry Morton Stanley begins his trek to find the missionary and explorer David Livingstone

Top 7 most famous people born in 1871

Jan 17 Nicolae Iorga a Romanian historian, politician, literary critic, memoirist, poet and playwright. Co-founder of the Democratic Nationalist Party , he served as a member of Parliament, President of the Deputies' Assembly and Senate, cabinet minister and briefly as Prime Minister. A child prodigy, polymath and polyglot, Iorga produced an unusually large body of scholarly works, consecrating his international reputation as a medievalist, Byzantinist, Latinist, Slavist, art historian and philosopher of history. Holding teaching positions at the University of Bucharest, the University of Paris and several other academic institutions, Iorga was founder of the International Congress of Byzantine Studies and the Institute of South-East European Studies. His activity also included the transformation of Vălenii de Munte town into a cultural and academic center
Mar 5 Rosa Luxemburg a Marxist theorist, philosopher, economist and revolutionary socialist of Polish-Jewish descent who became a naturalized German citizen. She was successively a member of the Social Democracy of the Kingdom of Poland and Lithuania , the Social Democratic Party of Germany , the Independent Social Democratic Party , and the Communist Party of Germany
Jul 10 Marcel Proust a French novelist, critic, and essayist best known for his monumental novel À la recherche du temps perdu , published in seven parts between 1913 and 1927. He is considered by many to be one of the greatest authors of all time
Aug 19 Wright brothers The Wright brothers, Orville and Wilbur , were two American brothers, inventors, and aviation pioneers who are credited with inventing and building the world's first successful airplane and making the first controlled, powered and sustained heavier-than-air human flight, on December 17, 1903. From 1905 to 1907, the brothers developed their flying machine into the first practical fixed-wing aircraft. Although not the first to build and fly experimental aircraft, the Wright brothers were the first to invent aircraft controls that made fixed-wing powered flight possible
Aug 30 Ernest Rutherford a New Zealand-born British physicist who became known as the father of nuclear physics. Encyclopædia Britannica considers him to be the greatest experimentalist since Michael Faraday
Sep 27 Grazia Deledda an Italian writer who received the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1926 "for her idealistically inspired writings which with plastic clarity picture the life on her native island and with depth and sympathy deal with human problems in general". She was the first Italian woman to receive this honor
Nov 1 Stephen Crane an American author. Prolific throughout his short life, he wrote notable works in the Realist tradition as well as early examples of American Naturalism and Impressionism. He is recognized by modern critics as one of the most innovative writers of his generation

Top 7 most famous people died in 1871

Feb 4 Imam Shamil an Avar political and religious leader of the Muslim tribes of the Northern Caucasus. He was a leader of anti-Russian resistance in the Caucasian War and was the third Imam of the Caucasian Imamate
Mar 18 Augustus De Morgan a British mathematician and logician. He formulated De Morgan's laws and introduced the term mathematical induction, making its idea rigorous
Apr 27 Sigismond Thalberg a composer and one of the most distinguished virtuoso pianists of the 19th century.
May 11 John Herschel an English polymath, mathematician, astronomer, chemist, inventor, and experimental photographer, who in some years also did valuable botanical work. He was the son of Mary Baldwin and astronomer William Herschel and the father of twelve children
Jun 13 Jean Eugène Robert-Houdin a French magician. He is widely considered the father of the modern style of conjuring
Oct 18 Charles Babbage an English polymath. A mathematician, philosopher, inventor and mechanical engineer, Babbage is best remembered for originating the concept of a programmable computer
Oct 22 Roderick Murchison a Scottish geologist who first described and investigated the Silurian system.