Born in 1871

Jan 1 Montagu Toller an English cricket player. He was a right-handed batsman and a right-arm fast bowler. Toller was in the cricket XI and the rugby XV at Blundell's School. He was a solicitor by profession
Jan 2 Gustave Hervé a French politician. At first he was a fervent antimilitarist socialist and pacifist, but he later turned to equally zealous ultranationalism, declaring his patriotisme in 1912 when released from 26 months of imprisonment for anti-militarist publishing activities
Jan 4 Ion Halippa a Bessarabiann historian.
Jan 5 Federigo Enriques an Italian mathematician, now known principally as the first to give a classification of algebraic surfaces in birational geometry, and other contributions in algebraic geometry.
Jan 5 Gino Fano an Italian mathematician. He was born in Mantua, Italy and died in Verona, Italy
Jan 5 Émile Jouguet attached to the Chapman-Jouguet condition.
Jan 5 Arthur Bernède a French writer, poet, opera libretist, and playwright.
Jan 5 Frederick Converse an American composer of classical music.
Jan 6 Frank Dummerth an American rower who competed in the 1904 Summer Olympics.
Jan 6 Eugen Burg a German film actor. His daughter was Hansi Burg. Burg was a close friend of the actor Hans Albers. Burg was born into a Jewish family, but later converted to Protestantism. He was banished from the film industry when the Nazi Party came to power in Germany. He later died in a Concentration Camp
Jan 7 Émile Borel a French mathematician and politician. As a mathematician, he was known for his founding work in the areas of measure theory and probability
Jan 8 Walter Tennyson Swingle an American agricultural botanist who contributed greatly to the classification and taxonomy of citrus.
Jan 8 James Craig 1st Viscount Craigavon a prominent Irish unionist politician, leader of the Ulster Unionist Party and the first Prime Minister of Northern Ireland. He was created a baronet in 1918 and raised to the Peerage in 1927
Jan 10 Nicholas Adontz an Armenian historian, specialist of Byzantine and Armenian studies, and philologist. Adontz was the author of the Armenia in the Period of Justinian, a highly influential work and landmark study on the social and political structures of early Medieval Armenia
Jan 12 Kaspar Stanggassinger Blessed Kaspar Stanggassinger C.Ss.R born in 1871 in Berchtesgaden, in southern Germany, the second of 16 children. His father was a farmer who also owned a stone quarry. From a young age, he announced that he would be a priest. He first attended a high school seminary in Freising. In 1890, he entered the major seminary of the diocese of Munich-Freising. On April 2, 1892, he received the tonsure minor orders. That summer, he went on pilgrimage to the Shrine of Our Lady at Altőtting, in southern Germany. There he experienced a strong urge to join the Congregation of the Most Holy Redeemer, the Redemptorists
Jan 14 Felix M. Warburg a German-born American banker. He was a member of the Warburg banking family of Hamburg, Germany
Jan 15 Ahatanhel Krymsky an Ukrainian Orientalist, linguist and polyglot , literary scholar, folklorist, writer, and translator. He was one of the founders of the All-Ukrainian Academy of Sciences in 1918 and a full member of it and of the Shevchenko Scientific Society from 1903
Jan 17 Nicolae Iorga a Romanian historian, politician, literary critic, memoirist, poet and playwright. Co-founder of the Democratic Nationalist Party , he served as a member of Parliament, President of the Deputies' Assembly and Senate, cabinet minister and briefly as Prime Minister. A child prodigy, polymath and polyglot, Iorga produced an unusually large body of scholarly works, consecrating his international reputation as a medievalist, Byzantinist, Latinist, Slavist, art historian and philosopher of history. Holding teaching positions at the University of Bucharest, the University of Paris and several other academic institutions, Iorga was founder of the International Congress of Byzantine Studies and the Institute of South-East European Studies. His activity also included the transformation of Vălenii de Munte town into a cultural and academic center
Jan 17 David Beatty 1st Earl Beatty a Royal Navy officer. After serving in the Mahdist War and then the response to the Boxer Rebellion, he commanded the 1st Battlecruiser Squadron at the Battle of Jutland in 1916, a tactically indecisive engagement after which his aggressive approach was contrasted with the caution of his commander Admiral Sir John Jellicoe. He is remembered for his comment at Jutland that "There seems to be something wrong with our bloody ships today", after two of his ships exploded. Later in the war he succeeded Jellicoe as Commander in Chief of the Grand Fleet, in which capacity he received the surrender of the German High Seas Fleet at the end of the War. He then served a lengthy term as First Sea Lord in which capacity he was involved in negotiating the Washington Naval Treaty of 1922 in which it was agreed that the USA, Britain and Japan should set their navies in a ratio of 5:5:3, with France and Italy maintaining smaller fleets
Jan 18 Benjamin I of Constantinople Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople from 1936 till 1946.
Jan 19 Dame Gruev а Bulgarian revolutionary and insurgent leader in Ottoman Macedonia and Thrace. He was among the founders of the Bulgarian Macedonian-Adrianople Revolutionary Committees. Scholars in the Republic of Macedonia consider Gruev to be an ethnic Macedonian revolutionary
Jan 22 Leon Jessel a German composer of operettas and light classical music pieces. Today he is best known internationally as the composer of the popular jaunty march "The Parade of the Tin Soldiers," also known as "The Parade of the Wooden Soldiers." Jessel was a prolific composer who wrote hundreds of light orchestral pieces, piano pieces, songs, waltzes, mazurkas, marches, choruses, and other salon music. He achieved considerable acclaim with a number of his operettas — in particular Schwarzwaldmädel , which remains popular to this day
Jan 24 Jiří Karásek ze Lvovic a Czech poet, writer and literary critic. He is a prominent representative of decadence in Czech literature. As a writer and reviewer he also used naturalistic and impressionistic styles
Jan 24 Thomas Jaggar an American volcanologist. He founded the Hawaiian Volcano Observatory and directed it from 1912 to 1940
Jan 26 Samuel Hopkins Adams an American writer, best known for his investigative journalism and muckraking.
Jan 27 Samuel Peploe a Scottish Post-Impressionist painter, noted for his still life works and for being one of the group of four painters that became known as the Scottish Colourists. The other colourists were John Duncan Fergusson, Francis Cadell and Leslie Hunter
Feb 1 Hellmer Hermandsen a Norwegian rifle shooter who competed in the early 20th century in rifle shooting. He participated in Shooting at the 1900 Summer Olympics in Paris and won the silver medal with the Norwegian Military Rifle team
Feb 1 Semyon Sereda a Soviet politician.
Feb 2 Joe Roberts an American comic actor, who appeared in 16 of Buster Keaton's 19 silent short films of the 1920s.
Feb 2 Olga Preobrajenska a well-known ballerina of the Russian Imperial Ballet.
Feb 3 Eugeniusz Romer a distinguished Polish geographer, cartographer and geopolitician, whose maps and atlases are still highly valued by Polish experts.
Feb 3 Jean-Baptiste Mimiague a French fencer who competed in the early 20th century.
Feb 4 Friedrich Ebert a German politician of the Social Democratic Party of Germany and the first President of Germany from 1919 until his death in office in 1925.
Feb 7 Pieter Franciscus Dierckx a Belgian impressionist painter.
Feb 7 Kiyoshi Shiga a Japanese physician and bacteriologist.
Feb 7 Wilhelm Stenhammar a Swedish composer, conductor and pianist.
Feb 8 Andrievs Niedra a Latvian writer, Lutheran pastor and the Prime Minister of the German puppet government in Latvia between April and June 1919, during the Latvian War of Independence.
Feb 9 Howard Taylor Ricketts an American pathologist after whom the Rickettsiaceae family and the Rickettsiales are named.
Feb 11 John Langalibalele Dube a South African essayist, philosopher, educator, politician, publisher, editor, novelist and poet. He was the founding president of the South African Native National Congress , which became the African National Congress in 1923. Dube served as SANNC president between 1912 and 1917. Dube was brought to America by returning missionaries and attended Oberlin College. He returned to South Africa where he and his first wife, Nokutela Dube, founded a newspaper and what is now Ohlange High School
Feb 11 Joe Donoghue a speed skater. He became the speed skating World Champion in 1891 and was a member of the Manhattan Athletic Club
Feb 12 Charles Freer Andrews a Church of England priest. A Christian missionary, educator and social reformer in India, he became a close friend of Mahatma Gandhi and identified with the cause of India's independence. He was instrumental in convincing Gandhi to return to India from South Africa, where Gandhi had been a leading light in the Indian civil rights struggle
Feb 14 Theodore Rothstein a journalist, writer and communist. He served as a Soviet ambassador in the 1920s
Feb 14 Gerda Lundequist a Swedish stage actress, an Ibsen and Strindberg-thespian that in her time was known throughout Scandinavia as "The Swedish Sarah Bernhardt".
Feb 15 Martin Knudsen a Danish physicist who taught and conducted research at the Technical University of Denmark.
Feb 16 Richard Gunn (boxer) the oldest man to win an Olympic boxing crown ever. He achieved this feat at the age of 37 years and 254 days
Feb 17 Jovan Dučić a Bosnian Serb poet, writer and diplomat.
Feb 18 Udny Yule a British statistician, born at Beech Hill, a house in Morham near Haddington, Scotland and died in Cambridge, England. His father, Sir George Udny Yule was a brother of the noted orientalist Sir Henry Yule. The Yule family had a reputation for scholarship and administration. Yule came from an established Scottish family composed of army officers, civil servants, scholars, and administrators
Feb 18 Harry Brearley an English metallurgist, usually credited with the invention of "rustless steel".
Feb 19 William Diller Matthew a vertebrate paleontologist who worked primarily on mammal fossils, although he also published a few early papers on mineralogy, petrological geology, one on botany, one on trilobites, and he described Tetraceratops insignis, which was much later suggested to be the oldest known therapsid.
Feb 19 Anastasia Vyaltseva a Russian mezzo-soprano operetta singer renowned for her beauty and extravagance. She specialized in Gypsy art songs. Vyaltseva was born in Trubchevsk, went to school in Kiev, where she started her operetta career before moving to Moscow and then to Saint Petersburg. Despite continuous touring and regular concerts in both Russian major cities, she continued to perform in the operettas. She sang in opera too, appearing in the Mariyinsky Theatre, as Carmen , Amneris Aida by Giuseppe Verdi, Dalila. The biggest star of the Russian popular music scene of the 1900s, Vyaltseva made several successful tours across the Russian Empire before succumbing to leukemia. She had more than 300 numbers in her repertoire; one of her biggest hits was the song "I Fall in and out of Love at Will"