Died in 1871

Jan 3 Kuriakose Elias Chavara a Syrian Catholic saint and social reformer from the Indian state of Kerala. He is the second canonised saint of the Syro-Malabar Catholic Church, an Eastern Catholic Church of the Saint Thomas Christian community founded by Thomas the Apostle in the first century. He was the co-founder and first Prior General of the first congregation for men in the Syro-Malabar Catholic Church, now known as the Carmelites of Mary Immaculate, and of a similar one for women, the Congregation of the Mother of Carmel
Jan 3 Konstantin Ushinsky a Russian teacher and writer, credited as the founder of scientific pedagogy in Russia.
Jan 8 Henri Eugène Lucien Gaëtan Coemans a Belgian Catholic priest and botanist.
Jan 12 Konstantin Konstantinov a Russian artillery officer and scientist in the fields of artillery, rocketry and instrument making. He completed his military career at the rank of Lieutenant General
Jan 12 Auguste Anicet-Bourgeois a French dramatist. He was born in Paris
Jan 13 José Antonio Navarro a Texas statesman, revolutionary, politician, rancher, and merchant. The son of Ángel Navarro and Josefa María Ruiz y Pena, he was born into a distinguished noble family at San Antonio de Béxar in New Spain. His uncle was José Francisco Ruiz and his brother-in-law was Juan Martín de Veramendi. Navarro County, Texas, is named in his honor
Jan 16 Jules Pierre Fourreau a French botanist.
Jan 16 Jacques Louis Randon a French military and political leader, also Marshal of France and governor of Algeria.
Jan 18 George Hayter a notable English painter, specialising in portraits and large works involving in some cases several hundred individual portraits. Queen Victoria appreciated his merits and appointed Hayter her Principal Painter in Ordinary and also awarded him a Knighthood 1841
Jan 19 Henri Regnault a French painter.
Jan 20 Pierre Alexis Ponson du Terrail a French writer. He was a prolific novelist, producing in the space of twenty years some seventy-three volumes, and is best remembered today for his creation of the fictional character of Rocambole
Jan 21 Józef Hauke-Bosak a Polish general in the January Uprising, and commander of the Polish army in Lesser Poland, the closest collaborator of rebellion leader Romuald Traugutt. He fought many successful battles against the Russians in this region. He fled Poland after the Uprising collapsed in 1864. He died in the post of commander of brigade in the French army at Vosges, during the Franco-Prussian war in 1871
Jan 23 Friedrich Anton Wilhelm Miquel a Dutch botanist, whose main focus of study was on the flora of the Dutch East Indies.
Jan 24 Wilhelm Weitling an important 19th-century European radical.
Jan 25 Jeanne Villepreux-Power a pioneering female French marine biologist who in 1832 was the first person to create aquaria for experimenting with aquatic organisms.
Jan 29 Philippe-Joseph Aubert de Gaspé a French Canadian writer and seigneur.
Feb 1 Guillaume Lejean a Breton explorer, of French citizenship, and ethnographer.
Feb 1 Alexander Serov a Russian composer and music critic. He is notable as one of the most important music critics in Russia during the 1850s and 1860s and as the most significant Russian composer of opera in the period between Dargomyzhsky's Rusalka and the early operas by Cui, Rimsky-Korsakov, Mussorgsky, and Tchaikovsky
Feb 2 József Eötvös a Hungarian writer and statesman, the son of Ignacz baron Eötvös de Vásárosnamény and Anna von Lilien, who stemmed from an Erbsälzer family of Werl in Germany.
Feb 3 Thomas William Robertson usually known professionally as W. Robertson, was an English dramatist and innovative stage director best known for a series of realistic or naturalistic plays produced in London in the 1860s that broke new ground and inspired playwrights such as W.S. Gilbert and George Bernard Shaw
Feb 3 James Sheridan Muspratt a research chemist and teacher. His most influential publication was his two-volume book Chemistry, Theoretical, Practical and Analytical as applied and relating to the Arts and Manufactures
Feb 4 Imam Shamil an Avar political and religious leader of the Muslim tribes of the Northern Caucasus. He was a leader of anti-Russian resistance in the Caucasian War and was the third Imam of the Caucasian Imamate
Feb 4 Hermann Fürst von Pückler-Muskau a German nobleman, who was an excellent artist in landscape gardening and wrote widely appreciated books, mostly about his travels in Europe and Northern Africa, published under the pen name of "Semilasso".
Feb 7 Princess Leopoldina of Brazil a member of the Brazilian Imperial Family, the third child and second daughter of Emperor Pedro II of Brazil and his consort Teresa Cristina of the Two Sicilies. By marriage she was Princess of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, and Duchess in Saxony. After having four sons, she died at the age of 23
Feb 7 Henry E. Steinway the founder of the piano company Steinway & Sons.
Feb 8 Nasif al-Yaziji an Ottoman author and father of Ibrahim al-Yaziji. He was one of the leading figures in the Nahda movement
Feb 8 Moritz von Schwind an Austrian painter, born in Vienna. Schwind's genius was lyrical—he drew inspiration from chivalry, folk-lore, and the songs of the people. Schwind died in Pöcking in Bavaria, and was buried in the Alter Südfriedhof in Munich
Feb 10 Étienne Constantin de Gerlache a lawyer and politician in the United Kingdom of the Netherlands, and later became in 1831 the first Prime Minister of the newly founded Belgian state.
Feb 11 Filippo Taglioni an Italian dancer and choreographer and personal teacher to his own daughter, the famous Romantic ballerina Marie Taglioni. He is the son of Carlo and father of both Marie and Paul. And, although August Bournonville's version is better known, it was Taglioni who was the original choreographer of La Sylphide, in 1832
Feb 14 Alexander von Mensdorff-Pouilly Prince Dietrichstein von Nicolsburg an Austrian general, diplomat and politician, including two years as Minister of Foreign Affairs and one month's service as Minister-President of Austria.
Feb 20 Paul Kane an Irish-born Canadian painter, famous for his paintings of First Nations peoples in the Canadian West and other Native Americans in the Oregon Country.
Feb 24 Julius Weisbach a German mathematician and engineer.
Mar 3 Michael Thonet a German-Austrian cabinet maker.
Mar 17 Robert Chambers (publisher born 1802) a Scottish publisher, geologist, evolutionary thinker, author and journal editor who, like his elder brother and business partner William Chambers, was highly influential in mid-19th century scientific and political circles.
Mar 18 Stanislas Sorel a French engineer, raised the son of a poor clock-maker.
Mar 18 Augustus De Morgan a British mathematician and logician. He formulated De Morgan's laws and introduced the term mathematical induction, making its idea rigorous
Mar 19 Wilhelm Karl Ritter von Haidinger has been born in Vienna on 5 February 1795. His father, Karl Haidinger was a mineralogist and geologist employed from 1780 onwards at the "Kaiserlich-Königliches Naturalien Cabinet". One of the collections of the Cabinet consisted of a multitude of rocks and minerals; in 1782 Karl Haidinger published a book on that part of the collection. Apart from classification activities Karl Haidinger engaged in scientific research on for example the metallurgical amalgamation process and taught its application to mining engineers in Schemnitz, now known as Banská Štiavnica in Slovakia. Several papers from his hand were published in Ignaz Edler von Born's science magazine "Physikalische Arbeiten der einträchtigen Freunde in Wien" and in the "Sitzungsberichte der kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften in Wien". One of Karl Haidinger's papers entitled "Entwurf einer systematischen Eintheilung der Gebirgsarten" won a first price in the 1785 competition organized by the Imperial Academy of Sciences and Arts of Petersburg, Russia, and was published separately as a book
Mar 21 Petar Beron a Bulgarian educator.
Mar 21 Fyodor Mikhaylovich Reshetnikov a Russian author. In his short 29 ½ years he published to critical acclaim a number of novels dealing with the plight of the lower classes
Mar 22 Carl Heinrich 'Schultzenstein' Schultz a German physician and botanist. The appellation "Schultzenstein" is a reference to his birthplace; this was necessary to distinguish him from his contemporary Carl Heinrich 'Bipontinus' Schultz, also a German botanist
Mar 26 François-Joseph Fétis a Belgian musicologist, composer, critic and teacher. He was one of the most influential music critics of the 19th century, and his enormous compilation of anecdotes, biographical data, and fabrications in the Biographie universelle des musiciens remains an interesting artifact today; as much for the outcry it provoked upon publication as for the insight it provides into Fétis' mindset. His wife, Adélaïde Robert, was the daughter of the French politician Pierre-François-Joseph Robert
Mar 28 Johan Vilhelm Gertner a Danish painter, best known for his portraiture. One of the last students of Christoffer Wilhelm Eckersberg, who was known as the father of the Golden Age of Danish Painting, Gertner belonged to the tail end of the Golden Age, a period during which Danish art moved towards a more realistic style, relying on inspiration both from French Realism and emerging photographic techniques
Mar 29 Rudolf Felder an Austrian jurist and entomologist. He was mainly interested in Lepidoptera, amassing, with his father, Cajetan Felder a huge collection
Mar 30 Louise of the Netherlands the Queen of Sweden and Norway as spouse of King Charles XV of Sweden and IV of Norway.
Apr 2 Francisco Javier de Istúriz y Montero a Spanish politician and diplomat who served as Prime Minister, President of the Senate and President of the Congress of Deputies several times.
Apr 3 Gustave Flourens a French Revolutionary leader and writer, son of the physiologist Jean Pierre Flourens. He was also the elder brother of Emile Flourens, who became minister of foreign affairs under the Third Republic
Apr 3 Theodor Horschelt a German painter who specialized in scenes from the Caucasian Wars.
Apr 4 Peter von Hess a German painter, known for historic paintings, especially of the Napoleonic Wars and the Greek War of Independence.
Apr 7 Wilhelm von Tegetthoff an Austrian admiral. Considered one of the prominent naval commanders of the 19th century, Tegetthoff was known for his innovative tactics as well as his inspirational leadership
Apr 10 Lucio Norberto Mansilla an Argentine military man and politician. He was the first governor of the Entre Ríos Province and fought in the battle of Vuelta de Obligado