1872 in history

1872 events chronologically

Jan 12 Yohannes IV is crowned Emperor of Ethiopia in Axum, the first imperial coronation in that city in over 200 years
Feb 20 In New York City the Metropolitan Museum of Art opens
Feb 22 The Prohibition Party holds its first national convention in Columbus, Ohio, nominating James Black as its presidential nominee
Mar 1 Yellowstone National Park is established as the world's first national park
Mar 5 George Westinghouse patents the air brake
Mar 11 Construction of the Seven Sisters Colliery, South Wales, begins; located on one of the richest coal sources in Britain
Mar 16 The Wanderers F.C. won the first FA Cup, the oldest football competition in the world, beating Royal Engineers A.F.C. 1-0 at The Oval in Kennington, London

Top 7 most famous people born in 1872

Jan 27 Learned Hand a United States judge and judicial philosopher. He served on the United States District Court for the Southern District of New York and later the United States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit. Hand has been quoted more often by legal scholars and by the Supreme Court of the United States than any other lower-court judge
Mar 7 Piet Mondrian a Dutch painter.
May 18 Bertrand Russell a British philosopher, logician, mathematician, historian, social critic and political activist. At various points in his life he considered himself a liberal, a socialist, and a pacifist, but he also admitted that he had never been any of these in any profound sense. He was born in Monmouthshire, into one of the most prominent aristocratic families in Britain
Jun 6 Alexandra Feodorovna (Alix of Hesse) Empress consort of Russia as the spouse of Nicholas II, the last Emperor of the Russian Empire. Born a granddaughter of Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom, she was given the name Alexandra Feodorovna upon being received into the Russian Orthodox Church, which canonized her as Saint Alexandra the Passion Bearer in 2000
Jul 4 Calvin Coolidge the 30th President of the United States. A Republican lawyer from Vermont, Coolidge worked his way up the ladder of Massachusetts state politics, eventually becoming governor of that state. His response to the Boston Police Strike of 1919 thrust him into the national spotlight and gave him a reputation as a man of decisive action. Soon after, he was elected as the 29th Vice President in 1920 and succeeded to the Presidency upon the sudden death of Warren Harding in 1923. Elected in his own right in 1924, he gained a reputation as a small-government conservative, and also as a man who said very little
Jul 16 Roald Amundsen a Norwegian explorer of polar regions. He led the Antarctic expedition that saw the first people reach the South Pole, on 14 December 1911. In 1926, he was the first expedition leader to be recognized without dispute as having reached the North Pole
Aug 15 Sri Aurobindo an Indian nationalist, philosopher, yogi, guru, and poet. He joined the Indian movement for independence from British rule, for a while became one of its influential leaders and then became a spiritual reformer, introducing his visions on human progress and spiritual evolution

Top 7 most famous people died in 1872

Mar 10 Giuseppe Mazzini an Italian politician, journalist and activist for the unification of Italy. His efforts helped bring about the independent and unified Italy in place of the several separate states, many dominated by foreign powers that existed until the 19th century. He also helped define the modern European movement for popular democracy in a republican state
Apr 2 Samuel Morse an American painter and inventor. After having established his reputation as a portrait painter, in his middle age Morse contributed to the invention of a single-wire telegraph system based on European telegraphs. He was a co-developer of the Morse code, and helped to develop the commercial use of telegraphy
Apr 27 Ion Heliade Rădulescu a Wallachian-born Romanian academic, Romantic and Classicist poet, essayist, memoirist, short story writer, newspaper editor and politician. A prolific translator of foreign literature into Romanian, he was also the author of books on linguistics and history. For much of his life, Heliade Rădulescu was a teacher at Saint Sava College in Bucharest, which he helped reopen. He was a founding member and first president of the Romanian Academy
Jul 18 Benito Juárez a Mexican lawyer and politician of Zapotec origin from Oaxaca who served as the president of Mexico for five terms: 1858–1861 as interim, then 1861–1865, 1865–1867, 1867–1871 and 1871–1872 as constitutional president. He resisted the French occupation of Mexico, overthrew the Second Mexican Empire, restored the Republic, and used liberal measures to modernize the country
Sep 13 Ludwig Feuerbach about the German philosopher.
Oct 10 William H. Seward United States Secretary of State from 1861 to 1869, and also served as Governor of New York and United States Senator. A determined opponent of the spread of slavery in the years leading up to the American Civil War, he was a dominant figure in the Republican Party in its formative years. Although regarded as the leading contender for the party's presidential nomination in 1860, he was defeated by Abraham Lincoln
Oct 23 Théophile Gautier a French poet, dramatist, novelist, journalist, and art and literary critic.