Born in 1872

Jan 1 Miguel Cabanellas a Spanish Army officer during the Spanish Civil War.
Jan 2 Albert C. Barnes an American physician, chemist, businessman, art collector, writer, and educator, and the founder of the Barnes Foundation in Lower Merion, Pennsylvania.
Jan 4 Albert Tyler (athlete) an American athlete. He competed at the 1896 Summer Olympics in Athens. He was born in Glendale, Ohio
Jan 5 Otakar Mařák a tenor Czech opera singer, and a nephew of Julius Mařák who perfected his vocal skills at Prague’s School of Applied Arts as well as at the Czech Academy of Arts. At the same time he studied singing privately
Jan 6 Alexander Scriabin a Russian composer and pianist. Scriabin's early work is characterised by a lyrical and idiosyncratic tonal language influenced by Frédéric Chopin. Later in his career, independently of Arnold Schoenberg, Scriabin developed a substantially atonal and much more dissonant musical system, which he accorded with his personal brand of mysticism. Scriabin was influenced by synesthesia, and associated colors with the various harmonic tones of his atonal scale, while his color-coded circle of fifths was also influenced by theosophy. He is considered by some to be the main Russian Symbolist composer
Jan 7 Olaf Sæther a Norwegian rifle shooter who competed in the early 20th century. He won the gold medal with the Norwegian free rifle team at the 1908 Summer Olympics in London, and four years later at the 1912 Summer Olympics in Stockholm he won the silver medal with the free rifle team
Jan 8 Nikolai Panin a Russian figure skater and coach. He won the gold medal in special figures in the 1908 Summer Olympics. Panin was Russia's first Olympic champion
Jan 11 G. W. Pierce an American physicist. He was a professor of physics at Harvard University and inventor in the development of electronic telecommunications
Jan 11 George Joseph Smith an English serial killer and bigamist. In 1915 he was convicted and subsequently hanged for the slayings of three women, the case becoming known as the "Brides in the Bath Murders". As well as being widely reported in the media, the case was significant in the history of forensic pathology and detection. It was also one of the first cases in which similarities between connected crimes were used to prove deliberation, a technique used in subsequent prosecutions
Jan 11 Herbert Baddeley a British male tennis player and the younger of the Baddeley twins.
Jan 14 Edwin Cheel an Australian botanist and collector.
Jan 15 Hugo Rüster a German rower who competed in the 1900 Summer Olympics.
Jan 15 Arsen Kotsoyev one of the founders of Ossetic prose, who had a large influence in the formation of the modern Ossetic language and its functional styles. He participated in all of the first Ossetic periodicals, and was one of the most notable Ossetian publicists
Jan 15 Ahmed Lutfi el-Sayed an Egyptian intellectual, anti-colonial activist and the first director of Cairo University. He was an influential person in the Egyptian nationalist movement and used his position in the media to strive and gain an independent Egypt from British rule. He was also one of the architects of modern Egyptian nationalism as well as the architect of Egyptian secularism and liberalism. He was fondly known as the "Professor of the Generation". Lutfi was one of the fiercest opponents of pan-Arabism, insisting that Egyptians are Egyptians and not Arabs. He is considered one of the most influential scholars and intellectuals in the history of Egypt
Jan 16 Edward Gordon Craig an English modernist theatre practitioner; he worked as an actor, director and scenic designer, as well as developing an influential body of theoretical writings. Craig was the son of revered actress Dame Ellen Terry
Jan 16 Carl Christensen (botanist) a Danish systematic botanist. He graduated in natural history from the University of Copenhagen under professor Eugenius Warming. He was first school teacher in Copenhagen, later superintendent at the Botanical Museum. He was a specialist in ferns and published a catalogue of the World's Pteridophytes, Index Filicum. In addition, he authored a three-volume work on the history of botany in Denmark
Jan 16 Henri Büsser a French classical composer, organist, and conductor.
Jan 17 Valentí Marín a Catalan notary, chess writer and player.
Jan 17 Henri Masson a French fencer who competed in the late 19th century and early 20th century.
Jan 18 Prince Emmanuel Duke of Vendôme a French noble from the House of Orléans.
Jan 18 Boris Fogel a Russian and Soviet painter and art educator, who lived and worked in Leningrad, a member of the Leningrad Union of the Soviet Artists, professor of painting of the Repin Institute of Arts, who played an important role in the formation of the Leningrad school of painting.
Jan 18 Ivan Bubnov a Russian marine engineer and designer of submarines for the Imperial Russian Navy.
Jan 19 Edwin H. Colpitts a communications pioneer best known for his invention of the Colpitts oscillator. As research branch chief for Western Electric in the early 1900s, he and scientists under his direction achieved significant advances in the development of oscillators and vacuum tube push-pull amplifiers. In 1915, his team successfully demonstrated the first transatlantic radio telephone. Colpitts died at home in 1949 in Orange, NJ, USA and his body was interred in Point de Bute, New Brunswick, Canada. He was survived by his wife Grace Penney Colpitts and his son Donald Colpitts
Jan 20 Julia Morgan an American architect in California. She designed more than 700 buildings in California during a long and prolific career. She is best known for her work on Hearst Castle in San Simeon, California
Jan 22 Prince Nicholas of Greece and Denmark the fourth child and third son of George I, King of the Hellenes, and of Queen Olga. He was known as "Greek Nicky" in the family to distinguish him from his cousin Czar Nicholas II of Russia. Prince Nicholas was a talented painter, often signing his works as "Nicolas Leprince."
Jan 23 Paul Langevin a prominent French physicist who developed Langevin dynamics and the Langevin equation. He was one of the founders of the Comité de vigilance des intellectuels antifascistes, an antifascist organization created in the wake of the 6 February 1934 far right riots. Langevin was also president of the Human Rights League from 1944 to 1946 – he had just recently joined the French Communist Party. He is entombed at the Panthéon. Being a public opponent against fascism in the 1930s resulted in his arrest and consequently he was held under house arrest by the Vichy government for most of the war. Paul Langevin, previously a doctoral student of Pierre Curie and later a lover of Marie Curie, is also famous for his two US patents with Constantin Chilowsky in 1916 and 1917 involving ultrasonic submarine detection
Jan 23 Jože Plečnik a Slovene architect who had a strong impact on the modern identity of the city of Ljubljana, the capital of Slovenia, most notably by designing the iconic Triple Bridge and the Slovene National and University Library building, as well as banks along the Ljubljanica River, the Ljubljana open market buildings, the Ljubljana cemetery, parks, plazas etc. The impact he had on Ljubljana has been compared to the impact Antonio Gaudi had on Barcelona
Jan 23 Holbrook Blinn an American stage and film actor.
Jan 24 Morris Travers an English chemist who worked with Sir William Ramsay in the discovery of xenon, neon and krypton. His work on several of the rare gases earned him the name Rare gas Travers in scientific circles
Jan 24 Carlo Sforza an Italian diplomat and anti-Fascist politician.
Jan 24 Gleb Krzhizhanovsky a Soviet economist and a state figure. Born to a family of Polish descent he became an Academician of USSR Academy of Sciences and a Hero of Socialist Labour
Jan 24 Yuly Aykhenvald a Russian Jewish literary critic who developed a native brand of Aestheticism and went down in history as "a Russian version of Walter Pater".
Jan 24 Konstantin Bogaevsky a Russian painter notable for his Symbolist landscapes.
Jan 25 Jesse Wallingford a British sport shooter, who competed in the 1908 Summer Olympics.
Jan 25 Mykola Skrypnyk a Ukrainian Bolshevik leader who was a proponent of the Ukrainian Republic's independence, and led the cultural Ukrainization effort in Soviet Ukraine. When the policy was reversed and he was removed from his position, he committed suicide rather than be forced to recant his policies in a show trial. He also was the Head of the Ukrainian People's Commissariat, the post of the today's Prime-Minister
Jan 26 Arthur Blake (middle-distance runner) an American athlete who competed in the 1500 meters and the marathon at the 1896 Summer Olympics in Athens.
Jan 27 Learned Hand a United States judge and judicial philosopher. He served on the United States District Court for the Southern District of New York and later the United States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit. Hand has been quoted more often by legal scholars and by the Supreme Court of the United States than any other lower-court judge
Jan 27 Philip Walsingham Sergeant a British professional writer on chess and popular historical subjects. He collaborated on the fifth , sixth , and seventh editions of Modern Chess Openings, an important reference work on the chess openings. He also wrote biographical game collections of Paul Morphy , Rudolf Charousek , and Harry Nelson Pillsbury , and other important books such as A Century of British Chess and Championship Chess
Jan 28 Otto Braun a German Social Democratic politician who served as Prime Minister of Prussia for most of the time from 1920 to 1932. He was not a social revolutionary, says Holborn, but was "a determined democratic reformer" and a shrewd coalition builder
Jan 29 William Rothenstein an English painter, printmaker, draughtsman and writer on art. He is best known for his work as a war artist in both World Wars and as a portrait artist. More than 200 of his portraits of famous people are in the National Portrait Gallery collection. He co-founded the Carfax Gallery that held exhibitions of works of the Camden Town Group. Rothenstein was a Principal at the Royal College of Art from 1920 to 1935 and was knighted in 1931
Jan 30 Gleb Kotelnikov the Russian-Soviet inventor of the knapsack parachute , and braking parachute.
Jan 31 Zane Grey an American author best known for his popular adventure novels and stories that were a basis for the Western genre in literature and the arts; he idealized the American frontier. Riders of the Purple Sage was his best-selling book. In addition to the commercial success of his printed works, they had second lives and continuing influence when adapted as films and television productions. As of 2012, 112 films, two television episodes, and a television series, Dick Powell's Zane Grey Theater, had been made that were based loosely on Grey's novels and short stories
Feb 1 Jerome F. Donovan a United States Representative from New York.
Feb 1 Paul Fort a French poet associated with the Symbolist movement. At the age of 18, reacting against the Naturalistic theatre, Fort founded the Théâtre d’Art. He also founded and edited the literary reviews Livre d'Art with Alfred Jarry and Vers et Prose with poet Guillaume Apollinaire, which published the work of Paul Valéry and other important Symbolist writers. Fort is notable for his enormous volume of poetry, having published more than thirty volumes of ballads and, according to Amy Lowell for creating the polyphonic prose form in his 'Ballades francaises'
Feb 1 Clara Butt an English contralto. Her main career was as a recitalist and concert singer. Her voice, both powerful and deep, impressed contemporary composers such as Saint-Saëns and Elgar; the latter composed a song-cycle with her in mind as soloist
Feb 1 Andrew Kehoe an American farmer and treasurer of his township school board, notable as a mass murderer for killing his wife, and 43 other people , and injuring 58 people by setting off bombs in the Bath School disaster on May 18, 1927. He committed suicide near the school by detonating dynamite in his truck, causing an explosion which killed several other people and wounded more. He had earlier set off incendiary devices in his house and farm, destroying all the buildings, as well as killing two horses and other animals
Feb 3 Lou Criger a Major League Baseball player for the Cleveland Spiders , Louis Cardinals , Boston Americans/Red Sox , Louis Browns , and the New York Highlanders.
Feb 3 Ivan Fomin a Russian architect and educator. He began his career in 1899 in Moscow, working in the Art Nouveau style. After relocating to Saint Petersburg in 1905, he became an established master of the Neoclassical Revival movement. Following the Russian Revolution of 1917 Fomin developed a Soviet adaptation of Neoclassicism and became one of the key contributors to an early phase of Stalinist architecture known as postconstructivism
Feb 4 Gotse Delchev an important revolutionary figure in Ottoman-ruled Macedonia and Thrace at the turn of the 20th century. He was one of the leaders of what is known today as Internal Macedonian Revolutionary Organization , a paramilitary organization active in the Ottoman territories in Europe at the end of the 19th and the beginning of the 20th century
Feb 5 William Nicholson (artist) an English painter of still-life, landscape and portraits, also known for his work as a wood-engraver, illustrator, author of children's books and designer for the theatre.