Died in 1872

Jan 6 Manuel María Mallarino the 8th Vice President of New Granada, and as such served as Acting President from 1855 to 1857.
Jan 7 James Fisk (financier) an American stockbroker and corporate executive who has been referred to as one of the "robber barons" of the Gilded Age.
Jan 9 Henry Halleck a United States Army officer, scholar, and lawyer. A noted expert in military studies, he was known by a nickname that became derogatory, "Old Brains." He was an important participant in the admission of California as a state and became a successful lawyer and land developer. Early in the American Civil War, he was a senior Union Army commander in the Western Theater and then served for almost two years as general-in-chief of all U.S. armies. Halleck became chief of staff to Gen. Ulysses Grant, when he assumed the position of general-in-chief
Jan 13 Kawakami Gensai a Japanese samurai of the late Edo period. A highly skilled swordsman, he was one of the four most notable assassins of the Bakumatsu period. Gensai's high-speed sword discipline was in the Shiranui-ryū
Jan 14 Greyfriars Bobby a Skye Terrier who became known in 19th-century Edinburgh for supposedly spending 14 years guarding the grave of his owner until he died himself on 14 January 1872. The story continues to be well known in Edinburgh, through several books and films, and a prominent commemorative statue and nearby graves act as a tourist attraction
Jan 15 Vincent Grimm a Hungarian chess master.
Jan 17 Antoine Frédéric Spring a German-born, Belgian physician and botanist.
Jan 20 Pavel Yakushkin a Russian author, ethnographer and folklore collector.
Jan 21 Franz Grillparzer chiefly known for his dramas. He also wrote the oration for Ludwig van Beethoven's funeral
Jan 21 Christian Friedrich Koch a German jurist.
Jan 24 Friedrich Adolf Trendelenburg a German philosopher and philologist.
Jan 25 Richard S. Ewell a career United States Army officer and a Confederate general during the American Civil War. He achieved fame as a senior commander under Stonewall Jackson and Robert Lee and fought effectively through much of the war, but his legacy has been clouded by controversies over his actions at the Battle of Gettysburg and at the Battle of Spotsylvania Court House
Jan 26 Nikolay Milyutin a Russian statesman remembered as the chief architect of the great liberal reforms undertaken during Alexander II's reign, including the emancipation of the serfs and the establishment of zemstvo.
Jan 27 William Webb Ellis Rev. William Webb Ellis was an Anglican clergyman who is famous for allegedly being the inventor of Rugby football whilst a pupil at Rugby School
Jan 30 Francis Rawdon Chesney a British general and explorer.
Feb 6 Santos Gutiérrez a Colombian statesman and soldier, who became president of the Sovereign State of Boyacá, and later elected as president of the United States of Colombia for the term of 1868-1870.
Feb 8 Richard Bourke 6th Earl of Mayo a statesman and prominent member of the British Conservative Party from Dublin, Ireland.
Feb 10 Princess Feodora of Hohenlohe-Langenburg a daughter of Ernst I, Prince of Hohenlohe-Langenburg and Princess Feodora of Leiningen. By her marriage to Georg of Saxe-Meiningen, she would become Duchess consort of Saxe-Meiningen upon his succession in 1866
Feb 11 Edward James Roye served as the fifth President of Liberia from 1870 to his overthrow in 1871 and subsequent violent death. He had previously served as the 4th Chief Justice of Liberia from 1865 until 1868. He was the first member of Liberia's True Whig Party to serve as President
Feb 17 Jean-Marie Le Bris a French aviator, born in Concarneau, Brittany, who accomplished a glider flight in December 1856.
Feb 21 Pavel Gagarin a Russian politician and statesman from the Rurikid Gagarin family.
Feb 22 Franz Xaver Fieber a German botanist and entomologist.
Mar 3 Augustus Granville a physician, writer, and Italian patriot.
Mar 4 Carsten Hauch a Danish poet.
Mar 7 Carl Jaenisch a Finnish and Russian chess player and theorist. In the 1840s, he was among the top players in the world
Mar 10 Giuseppe Mazzini an Italian politician, journalist and activist for the unification of Italy. His efforts helped bring about the independent and unified Italy in place of the several separate states, many dominated by foreign powers that existed until the 19th century. He also helped define the modern European movement for popular democracy in a republican state
Mar 12 Zeng Guofan an eminent Han Chinese official, military general, and devout Confucian scholar of the late Qing Dynasty in China.
Mar 19 Joseph Bates (Adventist) an American seaman and revivalist minister. He was the founder and developer of Sabbatarian Adventism, a strain of religious thinking that evolved into the Seventh-day Adventist Church. Bates is also credited with convincing James White and Ellen White of the validity of the seventh-day Sabbath
Mar 20 Francisco Palau a Catalan Discalced Carmelite friar and priest. Growing up in the chaos of the Peninsular War in Spain, he followed both the life of a hermit and of a missionary preacher in the rural regions of Catalonia. He founded the School of Virtue—which was a model of catechetical teaching for adults—in Barcelona. In 1860 he founded a mixed Congregation of Third Order of Discalced Carmelites, including both Brothers and Sisters, in the Balearic Islands. The legacy of this foundation is carried on by two religious congregations of women who serve throughout the world
Mar 20 William Wentworth an Australian poet, explorer, journalist and politician, and one of the leading figures of early colonial New South Wales. He was the first native-born Australian to achieve a reputation overseas, and a leading advocate for self-government for the Australian colonies
Apr 1 Frederick Denison Maurice John Frederick Denison Maurice, often known as D. Maurice , was an English theologian, religious author, and prominent Christian Socialist
Apr 1 William Frederick Horry the first person to be hanged by Victorian hangman William Marwood, and the first to fall using the long drop method. He was hanged at Lincoln Castle, Lincoln, England on 1 April 1872, aged 28, for the murder of his wife, Jane Horry
Apr 1 Martin Ohm a German mathematician and a younger brother of physicist Georg Ohm.
Apr 1 Hugo von Mohl a German botanist from Stuttgart.
Apr 2 Samuel Morse an American painter and inventor. After having established his reputation as a portrait painter, in his middle age Morse contributed to the invention of a single-wire telegraph system based on European telegraphs. He was a co-developer of the Morse code, and helped to develop the commercial use of telegraphy
Apr 3 Mikhail Tebenkov a Russian hydrographer and vice admiral of the Imperial Russian Navy. He is reputed for having surveyed the then little-known coast of Alaska
Apr 5 Paul Auguste Ernest Laugier a French astronomer, one of two French astronomers referred to as Laugier.
Apr 8 Cornelius Krieghoff a Canadian painter of the 19th century. Krieghoff is most famous for his paintings of Canadian landscapes and Canadian life outdoors, which were sought-after in his own time as they are today. He is particularly famous for his winter scenes, some of which he painted in a number of variants
Apr 9 Erastus Corning an American businessman and politician.
Apr 10 Moses Ashley Curtis a noted American botanist.
Apr 10 John Mix Stanley an artist-explorer, an American painter of landscapes, and Native American portraits and tribal life. Born in the Finger Lakes region of New York, he started painting signs and portraits as a young man. In 1842 he traveled to the American West to paint Native American life. In 1846 he exhibited a gallery of 85 of his paintings in Cincinnati and Louisville. During the Mexican-American War, he joined Colonel Stephen Watts Kearney's expedition to California and painted accounts of the campaign, as well as aspects of the Oregon Territory
Apr 12 Nikolaos Mantzaros a Greek composer born in Corfu and the major representative of the so-called Ionian School of music. He was of mixed Greek and Italian noble descent, coming from one of the most important and wealthy families of the "Libro d'Oro" di Corfu and therefore he never considered himself a "professional composer". Recent research and performances have led to a re-evaluation of Mantzaros as a significant composer and music theorist
Apr 15 Augustus Siebe a German-born British engineer chiefly known for his contributions to diving equipment.
Apr 16 Baron Anton von Doblhoff-Dier an Austrian statesman.
Apr 20 Andrej Sládkovič a Slovak poet, critic, publicist and translator.
Apr 20 Ljudevit Gaj a Croatian linguist, politician, journalist and writer. He was one of the central figures of the pan-Slavist Illyrian Movement
Apr 26 Pedro Alcántara Herrán a Colombian general and statesman who served as President of the Republic of the New Granada between 1841 and 1845. As a general he served in the wars of independence of the New Granada and of Peru
Apr 27 Ion Heliade Rădulescu a Wallachian-born Romanian academic, Romantic and Classicist poet, essayist, memoirist, short story writer, newspaper editor and politician. A prolific translator of foreign literature into Romanian, he was also the author of books on linguistics and history. For much of his life, Heliade Rădulescu was a teacher at Saint Sava College in Bucharest, which he helped reopen. He was a founding member and first president of the Romanian Academy
Apr 28 Louisa Atkinson an early Australian writer, botanist and illustrator. While she was well known for her fiction during her lifetime, her long-term significance rests on her botanical work. She is regarded as a ground-breaker for Australian women in journalism and natural science, and is significant in her time for her sympathetic references to Australian Aborigines in her writings and her encouragement of conservation
Apr 28 Friedrich Alefeld a botanist, author, and medical practitioner. Born in Weiterstadt-Gräfenhausen, Grand Duchy of Hesse, he described a number of plant species in his published works, taking a particular interest in legumes and malvaceae. He attempted to give a systematic treatment of German crops in one work, in addition to writing treatises on herbal baths and cultivated plants of potential usefulness. A number of his essays appeared in the botanical literature of the day