1872 events in history

Jan 12 Yohannes IV is crowned Emperor of Ethiopia in Axum, the first imperial coronation in that city in over 200 years
Feb 20 In New York City the Metropolitan Museum of Art opens
Feb 22 The Prohibition Party holds its first national convention in Columbus, Ohio, nominating James Black as its presidential nominee
Mar 1 Yellowstone National Park is established as the world's first national park
Mar 5 George Westinghouse patents the air brake
Mar 11 Construction of the Seven Sisters Colliery, South Wales, begins; located on one of the richest coal sources in Britain
Mar 16 The Wanderers F.C. won the first FA Cup, the oldest football competition in the world, beating Royal Engineers A.F.C. 1-0 at The Oval in Kennington, London
Mar 22 Illinois becomes the first state to require sexual equality in employment
Apr 10 The first Arbor Day is celebrated in Nebraska
May 10 Victoria Woodhull becomes the first woman nominated for President of the United States
May 22 Reconstruction: U.S. President Ulysses S. Grant signs the Amnesty Act into law restoring full civil and political rights to all but about 500 Confederate sympathizers
Jun 14 Trade unions are legalised in Canada
Sep 18 King Oscar II accedes to the throne of Sweden–Norway
Sep 26 The first Shriners Temple (called Mecca) is established in New York City
Oct 3 The Bloomingdale brothers open their first store at 938 Third Avenue, New York City
Nov 5 Women's suffrage in the United States: In defiance of the law, suffragist Susan B. Anthony votes for the first time, and is later fined $100
Nov 9 The Great Boston Fire of 1872
Nov 29 American Indian Wars: The Modoc War begins with the Battle of Lost River
Nov 30 The first-ever international football match takes place at Hamilton Crescent, Glasgow, between Scotland and England
Dec 4 The crewless American ship Mary Celeste is found by the British brig Dei Gratia. The ship had been abandoned for nine days but was only slightly damaged
Dec 9 In Louisiana, P. B. S. Pinchback becomes the first serving African-American governor of a U.S. state
Dec 21 Challenger expedition: HMS Challenger, commanded by Captain George Nares, sails from Portsmouth, England