Born in 1873

Jan 1 Mariano Azuela a Mexican author and physician, best known for his fictional stories of the Mexican Revolution of 1910. He wrote novels, works for theatre and literary criticism
Jan 2 Thérèse of Lisieux a French Discalced Carmelite nun. She is popularly known as "The Little Flower of Jesus" or simply, "The Little Flower."
Jan 2 Antonie Pannekoek a Dutch astronomer, Marxist theorist, and social revolutionary. He was one of the main theorists of council communism
Jan 3 Ivan Babushkin a Russian professional Bolshevik revolutionary. He was born in the selo of Ledengskoye of the Vologda Governorate, currently in Babushkinsky District of Vologda Oblast
Jan 3 Ichizō Kobayashi a Japanese industrialist. He is best known as the founder of Hankyu Railway, Takarazuka Revue, and Toho. He was a supporter of right-wing doctrine and represented Japanese capital in government
Jan 6 Joaquin Mir Trinxet a Catalan Spanish artist. Living through a turbulent time in the history of his native Barcelona, he was known by the color of his paintings. They helped to define the Catalan art movement known as modernisme
Jan 7 Charles Péguy a noted French poet, essayist, and editor born in Orléans. His two main philosophies were socialism and nationalism, but by 1908 at the latest, after years of uneasy agnosticism, he had become a believing but non-practicing Roman Catholic. From that time, Catholicism strongly influenced his works
Jan 7 Adolph Zukor a Hungarian film mogul and founder of Paramount Pictures.
Jan 8 Iuliu Maniu a Romanian politician. A leader of the National Party of Transylvania and Banat before and after World War I, he served as Prime Minister of Romania for three terms during 1928–1933, and, with Ion Mihalache, co-founded the National Peasants' Party
Jan 8 Lucien Capet a French violinist, pedagogue and composer.
Jan 8 Elena of Montenegro the daughter of King Nicholas I of Montenegro and his wife, Milena Vukotić. As wife of Victor Emmanuel III of Italy, she was Queen of Italy from 1900 until 1946
Jan 9 Thomas Curtis an American athlete and the winner of the 110 metres hurdles at the 1896 Summer Olympics.
Jan 9 David Gould a Scottish American soccer player, coach and referee. He coached the U.S. national team at the 1934 FIFA World Cup and is a member of the National Soccer Hall of Fame. He was born in Galston, Scotland
Jan 9 Hayim Nahman Bialik a Jewish poet who wrote primarily in Hebrew but also in Yiddish. Bialik was one of the pioneers of modern Hebrew poetry and came to be recognized as Israel's national poet
Jan 9 John Flanagan (athlete) a three-time Olympic gold medalist in the hammer throw: 1900, 1904, and 1908.
Jan 9 Harry Spanjer an American lightweight and welterweight boxer who competed in the early twentieth century.
Jan 10 Jack O'Neill (baseball) catcher in Major League Baseball who played for the Louis Cardinals , Chicago Cubs and Boston Beaneaters. He batted and threw right-handed
Jan 10 Algernon Maudslay a sailor from Great Britain, who represented his country at the 1900 Summer Olympics in Meulan, France. With Lorne Currie as helmsman and fellow crewmember John Gretton and Linton Hope, Maudslay took 1st place in the race of the.5 to 1 ton
Jan 10 George Orton a Canadian middle-distance runner. In 1900, he became the first Canadian to win an Olympic medal
Jan 11 John Callan O'Laughlin a journalist and longtime publisher of the Army and Navy Journal. He began his career as a journalist writing for the Washington bureau of the New York Herald from 1893 to 1902. After a short stint on the AP European staff, O'Laughlin worked for the Chicago Tribune and later the Chicago Herald until the outbreak of World War In January 1918 he was commissioned a major in the United States Army, serving as aide to Major General George Washington Goethals. During these years, O'Laughlin wrote his first book, From the Jungle through Europe with Roosevelt. In 1925, O'Laughlin bought and became editor of the Army and Navy Journal, a weekly covering the American military and world affairs
Jan 12 Vasyl Krychevsky a Ukrainian painter, architect, art scholar, graphic artist, and master of applied art and decorative art. He was the brother of Ukrainian painter Fedir Krychevsky
Jan 12 Spyridon Louis a Greek water-carrier who won the first modern-day Olympic marathon at the 1896 Summer Olympics, thereby becoming a national hero.
Jan 14 André Bloch (composer) a French composer and music educator. He studied with André Gedalge, Ernest Guiraud, and Jules Massenet at the Conservatoire de Paris. In 1893 he won the Prix de Rome for his cantata Antigone which used a text by Ferdinand Beissier. The prize enabled him to pursue further studies at the French Academy in Rome. In 1898 he joined the faculty of the Conservatoire de Paris as a professor of harmony. One of his notable pupils at that school was Jehan Alain. He later taught at American Conservatory in Fontainebleau. His private students included the composer Fernand Oubradous
Jan 14 Moisei Uritsky a Bolshevik revolutionary leader in Russia.
Jan 15 Władysław T. Benda a Polish-American painter, illustrator, and designer.
Jan 15 Max Adler (Marxist) an Austrian jurist, politician and social philosopher; his theories were of central importance to Austromarxism. He was a brother of Oskar Adler and Friedrich Adler
Jan 16 Osip Braz a Russian-Jewish realist painter.
Jan 17 Lawrence Atkinson an English artist, musician and poet. He began by moving to Paris and studying musical composition, but moved back to London and began to paint, apparently painting mainly landscapes in a style influenced by Matisse and the Fauves. However his style changed radically when he was introduced to the work of Wyndham Lewis and the vorticists. He also wrote poetry, in a Modernist style. The Nasher Museum of Art at Duke University held an exhibition entitled The Vorticists: Rebel Artists in London and New York, 1914-18 from September 30, 2010 through January 2, 2011 that includes his work
Jan 20 Johannes V. Jensen a Danish author, often considered the first great Danish writer of the 20th century. He was awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1944. One of his sisters, Thit Jensen, was also a well-known writer and a very vocal, and occasionally controversial, early feminist
Jan 23 Karol Irzykowski a Polish writer, literary critic, film theoretician, and chess player. Between 1933–1939 in the Second Polish Republic he was a member of the prestigious Polish Academy of Literature founded by the decree of the Council of Ministers
Jan 24 Dmitry Ushakov a Russian philologist and lexicographer.
Jan 25 Ethel Turner an English-born Australian novelist and children's literature writer.
Jan 28 Colette the surname of the French novelist and performer Sidonie-Gabrielle Colette. She is best known for her novel Gigi, the basis for the film and Lerner and Loewe stage production of the same title
Jan 28 Akhmet Baytursinuli a Kazakh intellectual who worked in the fields of politic, poetry, linguistics and education.
Jan 29 Prince Luigi Amedeo Duke of the Abruzzi an Italian mountaineer and explorer, member of the royal House of Savoy and cousin of the Italian King Victor Emmanuel III. He is known for his Arctic explorations and for his mountaineering expeditions, particularly to Mount Saint Elias and K2. He also served as an Italian admiral during World War I
Jan 30 Vassily Balabanov an administrator and Provincial Governor of Imperial Russia. Vassily Balabanov born January 30, 1873, third of five children of Vassily Stephanovich Balabanov and Maria Muravskaya
Jan 31 George Godfrey Massy Wheeler a recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest and most prestigious award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth forces.
Jan 31 Melitta Bentz a German entrepreneur, who invented the coffee filter in 1908.
Feb 1 Joseph Allard (fiddler) a Canadian fiddler and composer. He occasionally recorded under the pseudonym Maxime Toupin. Allard made many popular recordings, including Reel de l'Aveugle, Reel de Chateauguay, Reel de Jacques Cartier, and Reel du voyageur. During most of his life he was rarely in the public eye, and worked much of his life as a fisherman. After his recordings became popular, he was known as The Prince of Fiddlers
Feb 1 John Barry (VC) an Irish recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest and most prestigious award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth forces.
Feb 2 Andrew George Burry a businessman, manufacturer and philanthropist. Born in Undervillier, Switzerland, he emigrated to the United States in 1884. Burry founded the Wayne Paper Box and Printing Corp. in 1898, and was also the founder and President of the National Paper Box Manufacturing Association in 1917 - 1918, and 1926 - 1928
Feb 2 Konstantin von Neurath a German diplomat remembered mostly for having served as Foreign minister of Germany between 1932 and 1938. Holding this post in the early years of Adolf Hitler's regime, Neurath was regarded as playing a key role in the foreign policy pursuits of the Nazi dictator in undermining the Treaty of Versailles and territorial expansion in the prelude to World War II, although he was often averse tactically if not necessarily ideologically. This aversion eventually induced Hitler to replace Neurath with the more compliant and fervent Nazi Joachim von Ribbentrop
Feb 2 Oskar Kaufmann a Hungarian-Jewish architect. He was an expert in construction and design and was active in Berlin beginning in 1900
Feb 2 Leo Fall an Austrian composer of operettas.
Feb 4 Radoje Domanović a Serbian writer and teacher, most famous for his satirical short stories. His few remaining years were a constant fight against consumption. This circumstance of his life, and the affection which he inspired in all who knew him, added something essentially romantic in the true sense in the man himself, have tended to surround Domanović and his work with an aura of sentiment which somewhat obscured the character of his actual accomplishment
Feb 4 Étienne Desmarteau a Canadian athlete, winner of the weight throwing event at the 1904 Summer Olympics.
Feb 6 Billy Gohl an American serial killer who, while working as a union official, murdered sailors passing through Aberdeen, Washington. He murdered for an unknown period of time and was a suspect in dozens of murders until his capture in 1910. Spared from the death penalty by a request for leniency by the jury, he was sentenced to life in prison at Walla Walla State Penitentiary where he died in 1927 from lobar pneumonia and erysipelas complicated by dementia paralytic caused by syphilis
Feb 7 Thomas Andrews (shipbuilder) an Irish business man and shipbuilder; managing director and also head of the drafting department of the shipbuilding company Harland and Wolff in Belfast, Ireland. Andrews was the naval architect in charge of the plans for the ocean liner RMS Titanic. He was travelling on board the Titanic during her maiden voyage when the ship hit an iceberg on 15 April 1912, and he died in the disaster
Feb 7 Charles P. Dixon a male tennis player from Great Britain. He was a four-time Olympic medallist and led a successful British team to victory in the Davis Cup
Feb 10 Pyotr Chardynin a Russian film director, screenwriter, and actor. Pyotr Chardynin, one of the pioneers of the film industry in the Russian Empire, directed over a hundred silent films during his career