Died in 1873

Jan 2 Bogusław Fryderyk Radziwiłł a Polish nobleman and Prussian military officer and politician. At the time Poland was partitioned, he lived in the Kingdom of Prussia, where he was a member of the Prussian parliament. He attained the rank of general within the Prussian Army
Jan 9 Napoleon III the first President of the French Second Republic and, as Napoleon III, the Emperor of the Second French Empire. He was the nephew and heir of Napoleon He was the first President of France to be elected by a direct popular vote. However, when he was blocked by the Constitution and Parliament from running for a second term, he organized a coup d'état in 1851, and then took the throne as Napoleon III on 2 December 1852, the forty-eighth anniversary of Napoleon I's coronation
Jan 18 Edward Bulwer-Lytton an English novelist, poet, playwright, and politician. He was immensely popular with the reading public and wrote a stream of bestselling novels which earned him a considerable fortune. He coined the phrases "the great unwashed", "pursuit of the almighty dollar", "the pen is mightier than the sword", "dweller on the threshold", as well as the infamous opening line "It was a dark and stormy night"
Jan 18 Charles Dupin a French Catholic mathematician, engineer, economist and politician, particularly known for work in the field of mathematics, where the Dupin cyclide and Dupin indicatrix are named after him; and for his work in the field of statistical and thematic mapping, In 1826 he created the earliest known choropleth map.
Jan 21 Gaspard Auguste Brullé a French entomologist.
Jan 26 Amélie of Leuchtenberg Empress of Brazil as the wife of Pedro I of Brazil.
Jan 27 Adam Sedgwick one of the founders of modern geology. He proposed the Devonian period of the geological timescale. Later, he proposed the Cambrian period, based on work which he did on Welsh rock strata
Feb 1 Matthew Fontaine Maury an American astronomer, historian, oceanographer, meteorologist, cartographer, author, geologist, and educator.
Feb 1 Gertrudis Gómez de Avellaneda a 19th-century Cuban-born Spanish writer.
Feb 2 Edward Johnson (general) a United States Army officer and Confederate general in the American Civil War. Highly rated by Robert Lee, he was made a divisional commander under Richard Ewell. On the first evening of the Battle of Gettysburg , Ewell missed his opportunity to attack Cemetery Hill, and Johnson opted against attacking Culp’s Hill, for which he had a discretionary order, though he attempted this on the second and third days. Ewell and Johnson are blamed by many for the loss of this decisive battle
Feb 2 Princess Charlotte of Württemberg was, as Grand Duchess Elena Pavlovna of Russia, the wife of Grand Duke Michael Pavlovich of Russia. He was the youngest son of Tsar Paul I of Russia and Sophie Dorothea of Württemberg
Feb 3 Isaac Baker Brown a prominent 19th-century English gynaecologist and obstetrical surgeon. He was a specialist in the diseases of women and advocated certain surgical procedures, including clitoridectomies, as cures for epilepsy and hysteria. His career ended when he was accused of performing these procedures without consent of the patients. He was subsequently expelled from the Obstetrical Society of London
Feb 6 Władysław Krasiński a Polish nobleman.
Feb 7 Sheridan Le Fanu an Irish writer of Gothic tales and mystery novels. He was the leading ghost-story writer of the nineteenth century and was central to the development of the genre in the Victorian era. Three of his best-known works are Uncle Silas, Carmilla and The House by the Churchyard
Feb 8 John W. Geary an American lawyer, politician, Freemason, and a Union general in the American Civil War. He was the final alcalde and first mayor of San Francisco, a governor of the Kansas Territory, and the 16th governor of Pennsylvania
Feb 9 Caroline Augusta of Bavaria a daughter of Maximilian I Joseph, King of Bavaria and his wife, Augusta Wilhelmine of Hesse-Darmstadt , and a member of the House of Wittelsbach. She was married to Crown Prince William of Württemberg, whom she divorced, and to Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor. From 1816–1835, she was Empress of Austria in her second marriage
Feb 11 Juan Bravo Murillo a Spanish politician, jurist and economist. He was president of the council of ministers of Spain from 14 January 1851 to 14 December 1852 during the reign of Isabella II
Feb 14 Stanislas Julien a French sinologist who served as the Chair of Chinese at the Collège de France for over 40 years and was one of the most academically respected sinologists in French history.
Feb 18 Vasil Levski a Bulgarian revolutionary and a national hero of Bulgaria. Dubbed the Apostle of Freedom, Levski ideologised and strategised a revolutionary movement to liberate Bulgaria from Ottoman rule. Founding the Internal Revolutionary Organisation, Levski sought to foment a nationwide uprising through a network of secret regional committees
Feb 19 Robert Wilhelm Ekman aka W. Ekman, was a significant teacher and painter of the Finnish romantic portraits and early national romanticism
Feb 24 Spyridon Trikoupis a Greek statesman, diplomat, author and orator. He was the first Prime Minister of Greece and member of provisional governments of Greece since 1826
Feb 25 Philippe Paul comte de Ségur a French general and an historian.
Mar 4 Prince August Duke of Dalarna the youngest of the five children of King Oscar I of Sweden and Josephine of Leuchtenberg.
Mar 9 Jules Bourcier a French naturalist.
Mar 9 Charles Knight (publisher) an English publisher, editor and author.
Mar 10 Pauline Therese of Württemberg a daughter of Louis of Württemberg and Princess Henriette of Nassau-Weilburg. She married her first cousin King William I of Württemberg and was his consort
Mar 10 John Torrey an American botanist.
Mar 13 David Swinson Maynard an American pioneer and doctor, and one of Seattle's primary founders. He was an effective civic booster and, compared to other white settlers, a relative advocate of Native American rights. His friendship with Chief Seattle was important in the formation of the city of Seattle, and it was he who proposed the city be named for this important chief. Maynard was Seattle's first doctor, merchant prince, second lawyer, Sub-Indian Agent, Justice of the Peace, and Architect of the Point Elliott Treaty of 1855
Mar 25 Wilhelm Marstrand born in Copenhagen, Denmark, to Nicolai Jacob Marstrand, instrument maker and inventor, and Petra Othilia Smith. Marstrand is one of the most renowned artists belonging to the Golden Age of Danish Painting
Mar 26 Albrecht von Bernstorff a Prussian statesman.
Mar 27 Amédée Simon Dominique Thierry the younger brother of Augustin.
Mar 29 Francesco Zantedeschi an Italian priest and physicist.
Mar 30 Bénédict Morel a French psychiatrist born in Vienna, Austria. He was an influential figure in the field of degeneration during the mid-19th century
Mar 31 Maria Magdalena Mathsdotter a Swedish Sami who in 1864 took the initiative to the foundation of schools for Sami children in Lapland.
Apr 1 Marc Girardin a French politician and man of letters, whose real name was Marc Girardin.
Apr 5 Milivoje Petrović Blaznavac Serbian soldier and politician. His father, Petar, was a rural merchant and shopkeeper from Blaznava, although a story circulated that he was an illegitimate son of Prince Miloš Obrenović and a lady of Miloš's household, whom Miloš married off to one of his guards retired as a village storekeeper, before the birth of Blaznavac in 1824
Apr 9 Charles Allston Collins a British painter, writer and illustrator associated with the Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood.
Apr 11 Christopher Hansteen a Norwegian geophysicist, astronomer and physicist, best known for his mapping of Earth's magnetic field.
Apr 11 Edward Canby a career United States Army officer and a Union general in the American Civil War, Reconstruction era, and the Indian Wars. He was assassinated at a peace talk with the Modoc in Northern California. He was the only United States general to be killed during the later wars
Apr 13 Carlo Coccia an Italian opera composer. He was known for the genre of opera semiseria
Apr 14 Johan Harmen Rudolf Köhler a Dutch general who commanded the Dutch-Indonesian forces during the First Aceh Expedition started on April 8, 1873. The expedition failed to reach its goals and Köhler himself was shot in a skirmish. His tombstone can still be found in a cemetery in Jakarta now known as Taman Prasasti Museum
Apr 14 Pierre Frédéric Dorian a French master blacksmith and politician, a radical Republican leader. He served as Minister of public works from 4 September 1870 – 19 February 1871
Apr 16 Arcisse de Caumont a French historian and archaeologist.
Apr 17 Semen Hulak-Artemovsky a Ukrainian opera composer, singer , actor, and dramatist who lived and worked in Imperial Russia.
Apr 18 Justus von Liebig a German chemist who made major contributions to agricultural and biological chemistry, and was considered the founder of organic chemistry. As a professor at the University of Giessen, he devised the modern laboratory-oriented teaching method, and for such innovations, he is regarded one of the greatest chemistry teachers of all time. He is considered the "father of the fertilizer industry" for his discovery of nitrogen as an essential plant nutrient, and his formulation of the Law of the Minimum which described the effect of individual nutrients on crops. He also developed a manufacturing process for beef extracts, and founded a company, Liebig Extract of Meat Company, that later trademarked the Oxo brand beef bouillon cube
Apr 20 William Tite an English architect who served as President of the Royal Institute of British Architects. He was particularly associated with various London buildings, with railway stations and cemetery projects. He was a Member of Parliament from 1855 until his death
Apr 23 Wolfgang Menzel born at Waldenburg in Silesia.
Apr 25 Fyodor Petrovich Tolstoy a Russian artist who served as Vice-President of the Imperial Academy of Arts for forty years. His works — wax-reliefs, watercolours, medallions, and silhouettes — are distinguished by a cool detachment and spare and economical classicism
Apr 27 William Macready an English actor.
Apr 29 James Hope-Scott a British barrister and Tractarian.