1873 events in history

Jan 1 Japan begins using the Gregorian calendar
Jan 17 A group of Modoc warriors defeats the United States Army in the First Battle of the Stronghold, part of the Modoc War
Feb 11 King Amadeo I of Spain abdicates
Feb 18 Bulgarian revolutionary leader Vasil Levski is executed by hanging in Sofia by the Ottoman authorities
Feb 20 The University of California opens its first medical school in San Francisco, California
Mar 1 E. Remington and Sons in Ilion, New York begins production of the first practical typewriter
Mar 3 Censorship in the United States: The U.S. Congress enacts the Comstock Law, making it illegal to send any "obscene, lewd, or lascivious" books through the mail
Mar 22 A law is approved by the Spanish National Assembly in Puerto Rico to abolish slavery
Apr 1 The White Star steamer RMS Atlantic sinks off Nova Scotia, killing 547 in the worst marine disaster of the 19th century
Apr 4 The Kennel Club is founded, the oldest and first official registry of purebred dogs in the world
Apr 13 The Colfax massacre, in which more than 60 African Americans are murdered, takes place
May 9 Der Krach: Vienna stock market crash heralds the Long Depression
May 12 Coronation of Oscar II of Sweden
May 20 Levi Strauss and Jacob Davis receive a U.S. patent for blue jeans with copper rivets
May 23 The Canadian Parliament establishes the North-West Mounted Police, the forerunner of the Royal Canadian Mounted Police
Jun 9 Alexandra Palace in London burns down after being open for only 16 days
Jun 18 Susan B. Anthony is fined $100 for attempting to vote in the 1872 presidential election
Jul 1 Prince Edward Island joins the Canadian Confederation
Jul 21 At Adair, Iowa, Jesse James and the James-Younger Gang pull off the first successful train robbery in the American Old West
Aug 2 The Clay Street Hill Railroad begins operating the first cable car in San Francisco's famous cable car system
Aug 4 American Indian Wars: While protecting a railroad survey party in Montana, the United States 7th Cavalry, under Lieutenant Colonel George Armstrong Custer clashes for the first time with the Cheyenne and Lakota people near the Tongue River; only one man on each side is killed
Aug 23 Albert Bridge in Chelsea, London opens
Aug 30 Austrian explorers Julius von Payer and Karl Weyprecht discover the archipelago of Franz Josef Land in the Arctic Sea
Sep 1 Cetshwayo ascends to the throne as king of the Zulu nation following the death of his father Mpande
Sep 7 Emilio Castelar y Ripoll becomes President of the First Spanish Republic
Sep 15 Franco-Prussian War: The last German troops leave France upon completion of payment of indemnity
Sep 18 Panic of 1873: The U.S. bank Jay Cooke & Company declares bankruptcy, triggering a series of bank failures
Sep 24 Establishment of "Satyashodhak Samaj", (Truth-seeker Movement) at Pune, Maharashtra, India by Mahatma Jyotirao Phule
Oct 3 Captain Jack and companions are hanged for their part in the Modoc War
Oct 9 A meeting at the U.S. Naval Academy establishes the U.S. Naval Institute
Oct 20 Yale, Princeton, Columbia, and Rutgers universities draft the first code of American football rules