Born in 1874

Jan 1 Gustave Whitehead an aviation pioneer who emigrated from Germany to the United States where he designed and built gliders, flying machines and engines between 1897 and 1915. Controversy surrounds published accounts and Whitehead's own claims that he flew a powered machine successfully several times in 1901 and 1902, predating the first flights by the Wright Brothers in 1903
Jan 1 Frank Knox an American newspaper editor and publisher. He was also the Republican vice presidential candidate in 1936, and Secretary of the Navy under Franklin Roosevelt during most of World War II
Jan 1 Hugo Leichtentritt a German-Jewish musicologist and composer who spent much of his life in the USA. Composer Erich Walter Sternberg was one of his pupils
Jan 2 Aleksander Prystor a Polish politician, soldier and activist who served as Prime Minister of Poland from 1931 to 1933.
Jan 3 Francis Newton an American golfer who competed in the 1904 Summer Olympics.
Jan 4 Josef Suk (composer) a Czech composer and violinist.
Jan 5 Joseph Erlanger best known for his contributions to the field of neuroscience. Together with Herbert Spencer Gasser, he identified several varieties of nerve fiber and established the relationship between action potential velocity and fiber diameter. They were awarded the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1944 for these achievements
Jan 6 Fred Niblo an American pioneer film actor, director and producer.
Jan 8 Princess Elisabeth Marie of Bavaria a member of the Bavarian Royal House of Wittelsbach. She was known as Princess of Bavaria till 1918
Jan 11 Alfonso Quiñónez Molina President of El Salvador 21 December 1918 - 28 February 1919 and 1 March 1923 - 28 February 1927.
Jan 12 Laura Adams Armer an American artist and writer. In 1932, her novel Waterless Mountain won the Newbery Medal. She was also an early photographer in San Francisco, California
Jan 12 James Juvenal an American rower who competed in the 1900 Summer Olympics and in the 1904 Summer Olympics.
Jan 13 Jozef-Ernest van Roey a Belgian Cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church. He served as Archbishop of Mechelen from 1926 until his death, and was elevated to the cardinalate in 1927. He was significant figure in Catholic resistance to Nazism in Belgium
Jan 14 Jack Taylor (1900s pitcher) a right-handed pitcher in Major League Baseball for the Chicago Cubs.
Jan 16 Robert W. Service a British-Canadian poet and writer who has often been called "the Bard of the Yukon". He is best known for his poems "The Shooting of Dan McGrew" and "The Cremation of Sam McGee", from his first book, Songs of a Sourdough. His vivid descriptions of the Yukon and its people made it seem that he was a veteran of the Klondike gold rush, instead of the late-arriving bank clerk he actually was. "These humorous tales in verse were considered doggerel by the literary set, yet remain extremely popular to this day."
Jan 16 Herman Gesellius a Finnish architect.
Jan 18 Hans Reissner a German aeronautical engineer whose avocation was mathematical physics. During World War I he was awarded the Iron Cross second class for his pioneering work on aircraft design
Jan 19 Hitachiyama Taniemon a sumo wrestler from Mito, Ibaragi Prefecture, Japan. He was the sport's 19th yokozuna from 1903 till 1914. His great rivalry with Umegatani Tōtarō II created the "Ume-Hitachi Era" and did much to popularise sumo. He is remembered as much for his exploits in promoting the sport as for his strength on the dohyō. In his later years as head coach of Dewanoumi stable he trained hundreds of wrestlers, including three yokozuna. Many consider him the most honorable yokozuna in sumo history, which earned him the nickname "Kakusei" , or "sumo saint"
Jan 19 Bruno Paul a German architect, illustrator, interior designer, and furniture designer.
Jan 20 Hjalmar Johansson a Swedish diver, swimmer and track and field athlete who competed in the 1906 Summer Olympics, 1908 Summer Olympics and 1912 Summer Olympics.
Jan 20 Steve Bloomer an English footballer and manager who played for Derby County, Middlesbrough and England during the 1890s and 1900s. Bloomer remains a legend at Derby County and the club anthem, Steve Bloomer's Watchin', is played before every home game. On 17 January 2009 a bust of Bloomer was unveiled next to the home dugout at Pride Park Stadium
Jan 21 René-Louis Baire a French mathematician most famous for his Baire category theorem, which helped to generalize and prove future theorems. His theory was published originally in his dissertation Sur les fonctions de variable réelles in 1899
Jan 22 Alexander A. Maximow a Russian-American scientist in the fields of Histology and Embryology whose team developed the hypothesis about the existence of "polyblasts". Maximow is renowned for his experimental work on the unitarian theory of hematopoiesis: all blood cells develop from a common precursor cell. Maximow served as a Corresponding Member of the Russian Academy of Sciences
Jan 22 Vincenzo Lapuma an Italian Cardinal of the Catholic Church. He served as prefect of Sacred Congregation for Religious from 1935 until his death, and was elevated to the cardinalate in 1935
Jan 22 Wincenty Witos a prominent member of the Polish People's Party from 1895, and leader of its "Piast" faction from 1913. He was a member of parliament in the Galician Sejm from 1908–1914, and an envoy to Reichsrat in Vienna from 1911 to 1918. Witos was also a leader of Polish Liquidation Committee in 1918, head of the Piast party, and member of parliament in the Polish Sejm from 1919-1920
Jan 22 Edward Harkness an American philanthropist.
Jan 22 Jay Hughes an American Major League Baseball pitcher, who played four seasons from 1898 to 1902.
Jan 24 Tatiana Shchepkina-Kupernik a Russian and Soviet writer, dramatist, poet and translator.
Jan 25 Hewlett Johnson an English priest of the Church of England. He was Dean of Manchester and later Dean of Canterbury, where he acquired his nickname The Red Dean of Canterbury for his unyielding support for the Soviet Union and its allies
Jan 25 W. Somerset Maugham a British playwright, novelist and short story writer. He was among the most popular writers of his era and reputedly the highest paid author during the 1930s
Jan 26 Friedrich Leitner a German economist.
Jan 26 Józef Brudziński a Polish pediatrician born in the village of Bolewo.
Jan 29 John D. Rockefeller Jr. an American financier and philanthropist who was a prominent member of the Rockefeller family. He was the only son among the five children of Standard Oil co-founder John Rockefeller and the father of the five famous Rockefeller brothers. In biographies, he is commonly referred to as "Junior" to distinguish him from his father, "Senior"
Feb 1 Hugo von Hofmannsthal an Austrian novelist, librettist, poet, dramatist, narrator, and essayist.
Feb 3 Warren Sprout an American sport shooter who competed in the 1912 Summer Olympics.
Feb 3 Gertrude Stein an American writer of novels, poetry and plays. Born in West Allegheny , Pennsylvania and raised in Oakland, California, Stein moved to Paris in 1903, making France her home for the remainder of her life. A literary innovator and pioneer of Modernist literature, Stein’s work broke with the narrative, linear, and temporal conventions of 19th-century. She was also known as a collector of Modernist art
Feb 6 Theophilus Pashkovsky primate of the North American metropolia, Archbishop of San Francisco, Metropolitan of All America and Canada.
Feb 6 Bhaktisiddhanta Sarasvati a prominent guru and spiritual reformer of Gaudiya Vaishnavism in the early 20th century in India.
Feb 9 Vsevolod Meyerhold a Russian and Soviet theatre director, actor and theatrical producer. His provocative experiments dealing with physical being and symbolism in an unconventional theatre setting made him one of the seminal forces in modern international theatre
Feb 9 Dmitry Gulia an Abkhazian Soviet writer and poet, considered to be one of the founders of Abkhaz literature.
Feb 9 Amy Lowell an American poet of the imagist school from Brookline, Massachusetts, who posthumously won the Pulitzer Prize for Poetry in 1926.
Feb 11 Elsa Beskow a Swedish author and illustrator of children's books. Among her better known books are Tale of the Little Little Old Woman and Aunt Green, Aunt Brown and Aunt Lavender
Feb 11 Fritz Hart an English composer, conductor, teacher and unpublished novelist, who spent considerable periods in Australia and Hawaii.
Feb 12 Edward Marsh (rower) an American rower who competed in the 1900 Summer Olympics.
Feb 12 Auguste Perret a French architect and a world leader and specialist in reinforced concrete construction. In 2005, his post-World War II reconstruction of Le Havre was declared by UNESCO one of the World Heritage Sites
Feb 13 Lev Pisarzhevsky a Russian and Soviet chemist who studied peroxides, peracids, and solutions.
Feb 14 Pierre Aubry (musicologist) a French musicologist who specialized in the music of the 13th century. He is particularly known for analyzing, collecting, and publishing trouvère and troubadour songs. He also coined the term musicologie
Feb 14 Louis Handley an Italian-born American freestyle swimmer and water polo player who competed in the 1904 Summer Olympics.
Feb 15 Ernest Shackleton an Anglo-Irish explorer who participated in four British expeditions to the Antarctic, of which he led three. During the first expedition 1901–1904, he and his companions Scott and Wilson set a new southern record by marching to latitude 82°S. During the second expedition 1907–1909 he and three companions established a new record Farthest South latitude at 88°S, only 97 geographical miles from the South Pole, the largest advance to the pole in exploration history. Also, members of his team climbed Mount Erebus, the most active Antarctic volcano. For these achievements, Shackleton was knighted by King Edward VII on his return home
Feb 16 Marie Gutheil-Schoder one of the most important German sopranos of her day.