Died in 1874

Jan 4 Thomas Gregson the second Premier of Tasmania, serving from 26 February 1857 until 25 April 1857.
Jan 6 Friedrich Wilhelm Rembert von Berg a Russian Field Marshal, and the Governor-General of Finland from 1855 to 1861.
Jan 8 Eduard Schleich the Elder a German painter. He is generally referred to as "The Elder" to distinguish him from his son Eduard , who was also a painter
Jan 8 Charles Étienne Brasseur de Bourbourg a noted French writer, ethnographer, historian and archaeologist. He became a specialist in Mesoamerican studies, travelling extensively in the region. His writings, publications, and recovery of historical documents contributed much to knowledge of the region's languages, writing, history and culture, particularly those of the Maya and Aztec. However, his speculations concerning relationships between the ancient Maya and the lost continent of Atlantis inspired Ignatius Donnelly and encouraged the pseudo-science of Mayanism
Jan 11 Gail Borden most known as the developer of condensed milk in 1853. Borden co-plotted the cities of Houston and Galveston in 1836. Having returned to the New York area to market another product, he set up factories for condensed milk in Connecticut, and later in New York and Illinois. Demand was high for his product by the Union Army during the American Civil War. His New York Condensed Milk Company changed its name to Borden after his death
Jan 13 Victor Baltard a French architect.
Jan 14 Johann Philipp Reis a self-taught German scientist and inventor. In 1861, he constructed the first make-and-break telephone, today called the Reis telephone
Jan 16 Max Schultze a German microscopic anatomist noted for his work on cell theory.
Jan 17 Maciej Rybiński Polish general, last chief of State of November Uprising.
Jan 17 Chang and Eng Bunker were Thai-American conjoined twin brothers whose condition and birthplace became the basis for the term "Siamese twins".
Jan 19 August Heinrich Hoffmann von Fallersleben a German poet. He is best known for writing "Das Lied der Deutschen", its third stanza now being the national anthem of Germany, and a number of popular children's songs
Feb 2 Alexander von Lüders a Russian general and Namestnik of the Kingdom of Poland.
Feb 3 Lunalilo monarch of the Kingdom of Hawaiʻi from January 8, 1873 until February 3, 1874. He was the most liberal king in Hawaiian history, but was the shortest-reigning monarch
Feb 5 Moritz Haupt a German philologist.
Feb 8 David Strauss a German theologian and writer. He scandalized Christian Europe with his portrayal of the "historical Jesus", whose divine nature he denied. His work was connected to the Tübingen School, which revolutionized study of the New Testament, early Christianity, and ancient religions. Strauss was a pioneer in the historical investigation of Jesus
Feb 9 Jules Michelet a French historian. He was born in Paris to a family with Huguenot traditions
Feb 9 Countess of Ségur a French writer of Russian birth. She is best known today for her novel Les Malheurs de Sophie , intended for children
Feb 13 Johann Friedrich Franz Burgmüller a German pianist and composer.
Feb 14 Adolfo Ballivián constitutional president of Bolivia between 1873 and 1874.
Feb 17 Adolphe Quetelet a Belgian astronomer, mathematician, statistician and sociologist. He founded and directed the Brussels Observatory and was influential in introducing statistical methods to the social sciences. His name is sometimes spelled with an accent as Quételet
Feb 18 Louis Wigfall an American politician from Texas who served as a member of the Texas Legislature, United States Senate, and Confederate Senate. Wigfall was among a group of leading secessionists known as Fire-Eaters, advocating the preservation and expansion of an aristocratic agricultural society based on slave labor. He briefly served as a Confederate Brigadier General of the Texas Brigade at the outset of the American Civil War before taking his seat in the Confederate Senate. Wigfall's reputation for oratory and hard-drinking, along with a combative nature and high-minded sense of personal honor, made him one of the more imposing political figures of his time
Feb 23 Heinrich von Maltzan Baron zu Wartenburg und Penzlin German traveller. Born near Dresden
Mar 3 Louis Plaidy a celebrated German piano pedagogue and compiler of books of technical music studies.
Mar 7 Jean Cruveilhier a French anatomist and pathologist.
Mar 8 Millard Fillmore the 13th President of the United States , the last Whig president, and the last president not to be affiliated with either the Democratic or Republican parties. Fillmore was the only Whig president that did not die in office or get expelled from the party, and Fillmore appointed the only Whig Supreme Court Justice. He is consistently included in the bottom 10 of historical rankings of Presidents of the United States. As Zachary Taylor's vice president, he assumed the presidency after Taylor's death. Fillmore was a lawyer from western New York state, and an early member of the Whig Party. He served in the state legislature , as a U.S. Representative , and as New York State Comptroller. He was elected vice president of the United States in 1848 as Taylor's running mate, and served from 1849 until Taylor's death in 1850, at the height of the "Crisis of 1850" over slavery
Mar 10 Moritz von Jacobi a German engineer and physicist born in Potsdam. Jacobi worked mainly in Russia. He furthered progress in galvanoplastics, electric motors, and wire telegraphy
Mar 11 Charles Sumner an American politician and senator from Massachusetts. An academic lawyer and a powerful orator, Sumner was the leader of the antislavery forces in Massachusetts and a leader of the Radical Republicans in the United States Senate during the American Civil War working to destroy the Confederacy, free all the slaves and keep on good terms with Europe. During Reconstruction, he fought to minimize the power of the ex-Confederates and guarantee equal rights to the Freedmen
Mar 12 Yegor Tolstoy a Russian lieutenant-general, senator, and governor of Taganrog, Kaluga and Penza.
Mar 14 Johann Heinrich von Mädler a German astronomer.
Mar 20 Hans Christian Lumbye a Danish composer of waltzes, polkas, mazurkas and galops, among other things.
Mar 28 Peter Andreas Hansen a German astronomer.
Apr 4 Charles Ernest Beulé a French archaeologist and politician.
Apr 7 Wilhelm von Kaulbach a German painter, noted mainly as a muralist, but also as a book illustrator. His murals decorate buildings in Munich. He is associated with the Düsseldorf school of painting
Apr 10 Heinrich von Kittlitz a German artist, naval officer, explorer and naturalist. He was a descendant of a family of old Prussian nobility
Apr 13 Etō Shimpei a Japanese statesman during the early Meiji period, remembered chiefly for his role in the unsuccessful Saga Rebellion.
Apr 14 Gottlieb August Wilhelm Herrich-Schäffer a German entomologist and physician. He was born, and died, in Regensburg. Herrich-Schäffer studied and collected particularly butterflies and moths. He was chairman of the Regensburg Botanical Society from 1861 to 1871, and was awarded an honorary citizenship of Regensburg in 1871
Apr 18 Robert J. Shuttleworth an English botanist and malacologist.
Apr 20 Alexander H. Bailey an American politician, a United States Representative and judge from New York.
Apr 20 Gustav Bläser a German sculptor.
Apr 24 John Phillips (geologist) an English geologist. In 1841 he published the first global geologic time scale based on the correlation of fossils in rock strata, thereby helping to standardize terminology including the term Mesozoic, which he invented
Apr 25 Amédée Méreaux a French musicologist, pianist, and composer. He was the author of Les clavecinistes de 1637 à 1790, written from 1864 to 1867, which had essays on the composers it mentioned. His grandfather, Nicolas-Jean Lefroid de Méreaux , was a composer of operas and oratorios, while his father, Jean-Nicolas Lefroid de Méreaux, was an organist and pianist and was a composer of piano sonatas. He was a friend of Frédéric Chopin
May 1 Vilém Blodek a Czech composer, flautist, and pianist.
May 1 Niccolò Tommaseo an Italian linguist, journalist and essayist, the editor of a Dizionario della Lingua Italiana in eight volumes , of a dictionary of synonyms and other works. He is considered a precursor of the Italian irredentism
May 5 Marc-Charles-Gabriel Gleyre a Swiss artist. He took over the studio of Paul Delaroche in 1843 and taught a number of younger artists who became prominent, including Claude Monet, Pierre-Auguste Renoir, Alfred Sisley, James Abbott McNeill Whistler and Louis-Frederic Schützenberger. He studied with Auguste Toulmouche
May 11 Franklin Buchanan an officer in the United States Navy who became the only full admiral in the Confederate Navy during the American Civil War, and commanded the ironclad CSS Virginia.
May 15 Auguste Carayon a French Jesuit author and bibliographer.
May 22 Maria Kalergis a countess, Polish pianist and patron of the arts.
May 23 Sylvain Van de Weyer a Belgian politician, and then the Belgian Minister at the Court of James's, effectively the ambassador to the United Kingdom.
May 29 Jean-Louis Hamon a French painter.
Jun 1 Karl Emanuel Jansson Very early in life, he became interested in drawing and painting. His art studies in Turku, Stockholm and Düsseldorf were financially supported by the Finnish Art Society. For his paintings "Ace of Clubs" and "The Speaker" he was awarded a medal at the 1873 world exhibition in Vienna