1874 events in history

Feb 16 Silver Dollar becomes legal US tender
Feb 21 The Oakland Daily Tribune publishes its first edition
Feb 28 One of the longest cases ever heard in an English court ends when the defendant is convicted of perjury for attempting to assume the identity of the heir to the Tichborne baronetcy
Mar 15 France and Viet Nam sign the Second Treaty of Saigon, further recognizing the full sovereignty of France over Cochinchina
Mar 18 Hawaii signs a treaty with the United States granting exclusive trade rights
May 9 The first horse-drawn bus makes its début in the city of Mumbai, traveling two routes
May 16 A flood on the Mill River in Massachusetts destroys much of four villages and kills 139 people
May 27 The first group of Dorsland trekkers under the leadership of Gert Alberts leaves Pretoria
Jun 29 Greek politician Charilaos Trikoupis publishes a manifesto in the Athens daily Kairoi entitled "Who's to Blame?" in which he lays out his complaints against King George. He is elected Prime Minister of Greece the next year
Jul 1 The Sholes and Glidden typewriter, the first commercially successful typewriter, goes on sale
Jul 8 The Mounties begin their March West
Jul 14 The Chicago Fire of 1874 burns down 47 acres of the city, destroying 812 buildings, killing 20, and resulting in the fire insurance industry demanding municipal reforms from Chicago's city council
Jul 23 Aires de Ornelas e Vasconcelos is appointed the Archbishop of the Portuguese colonial enclave of Goa, India
Aug 5 Japan launches its postal savings system, modeled after a similar system in the United Kingdom
Sep 3 The congress of the State of Mexico elevates Naucalpan to the category of Villa, with the title of "Villa de Juárez"
Oct 9 General Postal Union is created as a result of the Treaty of Berne
Nov 7 A cartoon by Thomas Nast in Harper's Weekly, is considered the first important use of an elephant as a symbol for the United States Republican Party
Nov 25 The United States Greenback Party is established as a political party consisting primarily of farmers affected by the Panic of 1873