Born in 1875

Jan 1 Vasily Kharlamov a Russian politician involved in the revolution and civil war.
Jan 1 Ludwig Martens a Russian revolutionary, Soviet politician and engineer.
Jan 3 Alexandros Diomidis a governor of the Central Bank of Greece who became Prime Minister of Greece upon the death of Themistoklis Sophoulis.
Jan 5 Martin Grabmann a German Catholic priest, medievalist and historian of theology and philosophy. Grabmann was a pioneer of the history of medieval philosophy and has been called "the greatest Catholic scholar of his time."
Jan 5 J. Stuart Blackton because of that considered the father of American animation. Both stop-motion and drawn animation techniques were used in his films. He was also a director of silent film, and the founder of Vitagraph Studios
Jan 6 Elisabeth von Gutmann Princess of Liechtenstein as the wife of Prince Franz I.
Jan 7 Gustav Flatow a German gymnast. He competed at the 1896 Summer Olympics in Athens and at the 1900 Summer Olympics in Paris
Jan 9 Gertrude Vanderbilt Whitney an American sculptor, art patron and collector, and founder in 1931 of the Whitney Museum of American Art in New York City. She was a prominent social figure and hostess, who was born into the wealthy Vanderbilt family and married into the Whitney family
Jan 10 Issai Schur a mathematician who worked in Germany for most of his life. He studied at Berlin. He obtained his doctorate in 1901, became lecturer in 1903 and, after a stay at Bonn, professor in 1919
Jan 11 Reinhold Glière a Russian composer of German-Polish ancestry. His name has appeared in different forms, as Рейнгольд Эрнeст Глиэр and later, for standardization purposes, converted into Рейнгольд Морицевич Глиэр. He is referred to in most Western reference works as Reinhold Moritzevich Glière, or simply as Reinhold Glière
Jan 11 Fritz Manteuffel a German gymnast. He competed at the 1896 Summer Olympics in Athens
Jan 13 Joseph Vendryes a French Celtic linguist. After studying with Antoine Meillet, he was chairman of Celtic languages and literature at the École Pratique des Hautes Études. He founded the journal Études Celtiques. He was a member of the Académie des Inscriptions et Belles-Lettres and a consultant with the International Auxiliary Language Association, which standardized and presented Interlingua
Jan 14 Albert Schweitzer a German—and later French—theologian, organist, philosopher, physician, and medical missionary in Africa, also known for his interpretive life of Jesus. He was born in the province of Alsace-Lorraine, at that time part of the German Empire, considered himself French and wrote mostly in French. Schweitzer, a Lutheran, challenged both the secular view of Jesus as depicted by historical-critical methodology current at his time in certain academic circles, as well as the traditional Christian view
Jan 15 Maria Forescu an Austro-Hungarian-born German opera singer and film actress. During the silent and talkies era of the German cinema, she appeared in several movies as a supporting actress. When Adolf Hitler came to power Forescu, like other Jews of that period, was barred from her profession. She died in the Buchenwald concentration camp in Germany
Jan 15 Thomas Burke (athlete) an American athlete. He was the first Olympic champion in the 100 and 400-meter dash races
Jan 16 Leonor Michaelis a German biochemist, physical chemist, and physician, known primarily for his work with Maud Menten on enzyme kinetics and Michaelis-Menten kinetics in 1913.
Jan 17 Florencio Sánchez a Uruguayan playwright, journalist and political figure. He is considered one of the founding fathers of theater in the River Plate region of Argentina and Uruguay
Jan 18 Alexei Ivanovich Abrikosov a Russian/Soviet pathologist, full member of the Soviet Academy of Sciences and Soviet Academy of Medical Sciences.
Jan 20 Ernie Courtney a third baseman in Major League Baseball who played for the Boston Beaneaters , Baltimore Orioles , New York Highlanders , Detroit Tigers and Philadelphia Phillies. Courtney batted left-handed and threw right-handed. He was born in Des Moines, Iowa
Jan 21 Arthur Wontner a British actor best known for playing Sir Arthur Conan Doyle's master detective Sherlock Holmes in five films from 1931 to 1937. These films are:
Jan 22 D. W. Griffith David Llewelyn Wark "D. W." Griffith was an American film director, mostly remembered as the director of the 1915 film The Birth of a Nation and the subsequent film Intolerance. He is closely associated with his frequent leading lady, Lillian Gish
Jan 25 Gunnar Höjer a Swedish gymnast who competed in the 1908 Summer Olympics.
Jan 25 Kuksha of Odessa a modern saint canonized by the Ukrainian Orthodox Church in 1995.
Jan 25 Grigory Verzhbitsky one of the leaders of the White movement in Transbaikal and Primoriye during the Russian Civil War, Lieutenant-General.
Jan 28 Mikhail Bernshtein a Jewish, Russian and Soviet painter and art educator, who lived and worked in Leningrad, a member of the Leningrad Union of Soviet Artists, professor of the Repin Institute of Arts, who played an important role in the formation of the Leningrad School of Painting.
Jan 30 Atanas Burov a Bulgarian banker and politician.
Jan 30 Walter Middelberg a Dutch rower who competed in the 1900 Summer Olympics.
Jan 31 Lidia Charskaya a Russian writer and actress. Charskaya was her pseudonym; her real last name was Churilova
Feb 2 William Wright Smith a Scottish botanist and horticulturalist.
Feb 2 Fritz Kreisler an Austrian-born violinist and composer. One of the most famous violin masters of his or any other day, and regarded as one of the greatest violinists of all time, he was known for his sweet tone and expressive phrasing. Like many great violinists of his generation, he produced a characteristic sound which was immediately recognizable as his own. Although he derived in many respects from the Franco-Belgian school, his style is nonetheless reminiscent of the gemütlich lifestyle of pre-war Vienna
Feb 4 Cesare Battisti (politician) an Italian politician of Austrian citizenship, who became a prominent Irrendentist at the start of the First World War.
Feb 4 Ludwig Prandtl a German engineer. He was a pioneer in the development of rigorous systematic mathematical analyses which he used for underlying the science of aerodynamics, which have come to form the basis of the applied science of aeronautical engineering. In the 1920s he developed the mathematical basis for the fundamental principles of subsonic aerodynamics in particular; and in general up to and including transonic velocities. His studies identified the boundary layer, thin-airfoils, and lifting-line theories. The Prandtl number was named after him
Feb 5 Gonzalo Queipo de Llano a Spanish military leader who rose to prominence during Francisco Franco's coup d'état and the subsequent Spanish Civil War.
Feb 5 Ricardo Viñes a Spanish pianist. He gave the premieres of works by Ravel, Debussy, Satie, Falla and Albéniz. He was the piano teacher of the composer Francis Poulenc and the pianists Marcelle Meyer, Joaquín Nin-Culmell and Léo-Pol Morin
Feb 6 Leslie Green an English architect. He is best known for his design of iconic stations constructed on the London Underground railway system in central London during the first decade of the 20th century, with distinctive ox-blood red tiled façades including pillars and semi-circular first-floor windows, and patterned tiled interiors
Feb 6 Leonid Gobyato a lieutenant-general in the Imperial Russian Army and designer of the modern, man-portable mortar.
Feb 6 Otto Gessler a liberal German politician during the Weimar Republic. From 1910 until 1914, he was mayor of Regensburg and from 1913 to 1919 mayor of Nuremberg. He served in numerous Weimar cabinets, most notably as Reichswehrminister from 1920 to 1928
Feb 7 Erkki Melartin a Finnish composer and pupil of Martin Wegelius from 1892 to 1899 in Helsinki, and Robert Fuchs from 1899 to 1901 in Vienna. He shares birth and death years with the composer Maurice Ravel
Feb 9 Paul Freiherr von Eltz-Rübenach Minister of Mail and Minister of Transport of Germany between 1932 and 1937.
Feb 11 Ross S. Sterling an American politician who was the 31st Governor of Texas, serving a single two-year term from January 20, 1931 to January 17, 1933.
Feb 12 Charles Rosenthal an Australian Major General of World War I, and later a politician elected as a member of the New South Wales Legislative Assembly.
Feb 14 Herbert Haydon Wilson a British officer and polo player who competed in the 1908 Summer Olympics.
Feb 15 Vladimir Filatov a Russian and Ukrainian ophthalmologist and surgeon best known for his development of tissue therapy. He introduced the tube flap grafting method, corneal transplantation and preservation of grafts from cadaver eyes. He founded The Filatov Institute of Eye Diseases & Tissue Therapy in Odessa, Ukraine. Filatov is also credited for restoring Vasily Zaytsev's sight when he suffered an injury to his eyes from a mortar attack during Battle of Stalingrad
Feb 15 Grigore Constantinescu a priest and journalist from Romania. He was the director of Glasul Basarabiei
Feb 16 Valentine de Saint-Point a woman of letters and a French artist. She was a writer, poet, painter, playwright, art critic, choreographer, lecturer and journalist. She is primarily known for being the first woman to have written a futurist manifesto, but was also active in Parisian salons, and the associated literary and artistic movements of the Belle Epoque. Her writings and performances of La Métachorie, which demonstrated her theory of "a total fusion of the arts." The later period of her life was dominated by the politics of the Middle East and North Africa
Feb 16 John Duha an American gymnast and track and field athlete who competed in the 1904 Summer Olympics.
Feb 17 Princess Louise of Denmark (1875–1906) a Danish princess, the third child and oldest daughter of Frederick VIII of Denmark and his wife, Princess Louise of Sweden and Norway.
Feb 19 Dimo Hadzhidimov considered a Macedonian in the Republic of Macedonia. He was among the leaders of the left wing of IMORO. Hadzhidimov studied pedagogy in Kyustendil and then in Sofia. After that he worked as a teacher in the Bulgarian schools in Dupnitsa and later in Samokov. He also participated in Ilinden-Preobrazhenie Uprising. After the Young Turks revolution he returned to Macedonia and was one of the founders of the People's Federative Party. After 1909 he went back to Sofia, where Hadzhidimov entered Bulgarian Communist Party. During the Balkan Wars Hadzhidimov served as a Bulgarian soldier. After the First World War he was elected as a member of Bulgarian Parliament. He was assassinated by right wing IMRO activist Vlado Chernozemski in Sofia in 1924. His surname was given to Zhostovo village in Blagoevgrad Province in 1951. It was renamed as Hadzhidimovo
Feb 20 Marie Marvingt a French athlete, mountaineer, aviator and journalist. She won numerous prizes for her sporting achievements including those of swimming, cycling, mountain climbing, winter sports, ballooning, flying, riding, gymnastics, athletics, rifle shooting and fencing. She was the first woman to climb many of the peaks in the French and Swiss Alps. She was a record-breaking balloonist, a pioneering aviator and during World War I became the first woman to fly combat missions as a bomber pilot. She was also a qualified surgical nurse, was the first trained and certified Flight Nurse in the world, and worked for the establishment of air ambulance services throughout the world. According to a French source, it was de Château-Thierry de Beaumanoir who, in 1903, named Marie Marvingt as “La fiancée du danger.” She herself used the epithet for an autobiographical publication in 1948. It is also included on the commemorative plaque on the façade of the house where she lived at 8 Place de la Carrière, Nancy
Feb 21 Louis Huybrechts a Belgian Sailor.He won the Silver medal in the 6m class in the 1908 Summer Olympics in London along with Léon Huybrechts and Henri Weewauters.