1875 events in history

Feb 24 The SS Gothenburg hits the Great Barrier Reef and sinks off the Australian east coast, killing approximately 100, including a number of high profile civil servants and dignitaries
Feb 25 Guangxu Emperor of China begins his reign, under Empress Dowager Cixi's regency
Mar 3 Georges Bizet's opera Carmen receives its première at the Opéra-Comique in Paris
Mar 3 The first ever organized indoor game of ice hockey is played in Montreal, Canada as recorded in The Montreal Gazette
Mar 15 Archbishop of New York John McCloskey is named the first cardinal in the United States
May 1 Alexandra Palace reopens after being burned down in a fire in 1873
May 17 Aristides wins the first Kentucky Derby
May 20 Signing of the Metre Convention by 17 nations leading to the establishment of the International System of Units
Jun 19 The Herzegovinian rebellion against the Ottoman Empire begins
Jul 9 Outbreak of the Herzegovina Uprising against Ottoman rule, which would last until 1878 and have far-reaching implications throughout the Balkans
Aug 22 The Treaty of Saint Petersburg between Japan and Russia is ratified, providing for the exchange of Sakhalin for the Kuril Islands
Aug 24 Captain Matthew Webb became first person to swim the English Channel
Aug 25 Captain Matthew Webb became the first person to swim across the English Channel, traveling from Dover, England, to Calais, France, in 22 hours
Sep 3 The first official game of polo is played in Argentina after being introduced by British ranchers
Sep 27 The merchant sailing ship Ellen Southard is wrecked in a storm at Liverpool; the United States Congress subsequently awards 27 gold Lifesaving Medals to the lifeboat men who went to rescue her crew
Oct 16 Brigham Young University is founded in Provo, Utah
Oct 22 First telegraphic connection in Argentina
Dec 4 Notorious New York City politician Boss Tweed escapes from prison. He will later be recaptured in Spain
Dec 9 The Massachusetts Rifle Association, "America's Oldest Active Gun Club", is founded