Born in 1876

Jan 2 Ahmad Qavam a politician who served as Prime Minister of Iran five times.
Jan 3 Wilhelm Pieck a German politician and a Communist. In 1949, he became the first President of the German Democratic Republic, an office abolished upon his death. His successor as head of state was Walter Ulbricht, who served as Chairman of the Council of State
Jan 5 Konrad Adenauer a German statesman. As the first post-war Chancellor of Germany from 1949 to 1963, he led his country from the ruins of World War II to a productive and prosperous nation that forged close relations with old enemy France, the United Kingdom and the United States. During his years in power Germany achieved democracy, stability, international respect and economic prosperity. He was the first leader of the Christian Democratic Union , a Christian Democratic party that under his leadership became, and has since usually been one of the most powerful parties in the country
Jan 6 Meshadi Azizbekov a legendary Soviet revolutionary of Azerbaijani origin, leader of the revolutionary movement in Azerbaijan, one of the first Azeri Marxists, Provincial Commissioner and Deputy People's Commissar of Internal Affairs, gubernial commissar for Baku. He was one of the 26 Baku Commissars
Jan 7 William Hurlstone an English composer who studied piano and composition at the Royal College of Music, after gaining a scholarship. His piano professors were Algernon Ashton and Edward Dannreuther. His composition teacher, Sir Charles Villiers Stanford, considered Hurlstone, among the many brilliant students whom he taught, to have been the most talented. In 1906, Hurlstone returned to the college as Professor of Counterpoint, but died later that year of bronchial asthma. He is buried in Croydon Cemetery with members of his family, though the monumental cross that surmounted the grave has been destroyed
Jan 8 Arturs Alberings held the office as Prime Minister of Latvia from 7 May 1926 to 18 December 1926.
Jan 9 Robert Michels a German sociologist and fascist who wrote on the political behavior of intellectual elites and contributed to elite theory. He is best known for his book Political Parties, published in 1911, which contains a description of the "iron law of oligarchy." He was a student of Max Weber, a friend and disciple of Werner Sombart and Achille Loria. Politically, he moved from the Social Democratic Party of Germany to the Italian Socialist Party, adhering to the Italian revolutionary syndicalist wing and later to Italian Fascism, which he saw as a more democratic form of socialism. His ideas provided the basis of moderation theory which delineates the processes through which radical political groups are incorporated into the existing political system
Jan 9 Arthur Darby a British rugby union player who competed in the 1900 Summer Olympics.
Jan 11 Elmer Flick an American professional baseball outfielder who played in Major League Baseball from 1898 until 1910 for the Philadelphia Phillies, Philadelphia Athletics, and Cleveland Bronchos/Naps.
Jan 12 Jack London an American author, journalist, and social activist. He was a pioneer in the then-burgeoning world of commercial magazine fiction and was one of the first fiction writers to obtain worldwide celebrity and a large fortune from his fiction alone. Some of his most famous works include The Call of the Wild and White Fang, both set in the Klondike Gold Rush, as well as the short stories "To Build a Fire", "An Odyssey of the North", and "Love of Life". He also wrote of the South Pacific in such stories as "The Pearls of Parlay" and "The Heathen", and of the San Francisco Bay area in The Sea Wolf
Jan 12 Fevzi Çakmak a Turkish field marshal and politician. He was the Minister of War of the Ottoman Empire; the National Defence Minister, the second Prime Minister, and the second Chief of the General Staff of the provisional Ankara Government ; and the first Chief of the General Staff of the Republic of Turkey
Jan 12 Ermanno Wolf-Ferrari an Italian composer and teacher. He is best known for his comic operas such as Il segreto di Susanna. A number of his works were based on plays by Carlo Goldoni, including Le donne curiose , I quatro rusteghi and Il campiello
Jan 13 Erhard Schmidt a Baltic German mathematician whose work significantly influenced the direction of mathematics in the twentieth century.
Jan 13 Badlu Singh an Indian recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest and most prestigious award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth forces.
Jan 13 Charles Burnell a British rower who competed in the 1908 Summer Olympics.
Jan 13 Jānis Akuraters a Latvian poet, writer, playwright and politician. He founded the Latvian National Theatre in 1919 and was director of Radio of Riga between 1930 and 1934
Jan 15 Haruji Matsue a Japanese entrepreneur and the first person to manufacture the sugar cube in Japan. His brother, Major General Toyohisa Matsue was commandant of the Bandō prisoner-of-war camp in World War I
Jan 15 Ibn Saud the first monarch of Saudi Arabia, the third Saudi State.
Jan 16 Sarkis Kasyan a Soviet Armenian statesman, politician and journalist.
Jan 16 Claude Buckenham a cricketer who played for Essex and England.
Jan 17 Frank Hague an American Democratic Party politician who served as the mayor of Jersey City, New Jersey from 1917 to 1947, Democratic National Committeeman from New Jersey from 1922 until 1949, and Vice-Chairman of the Democratic National Committee from 1924 until 1949.
Jan 18 Elsa Einstein the second wife of Albert Einstein. Elsa had the surname of Einstein at birth, lost it when she took the name of her first husband Max Löwenthal, and regained it in 1919 when she married her cousin Albert
Jan 19 Dragotin Kette a Slovene Impressionist and Neo-Romantic poet. Together with Josip Murn, Ivan Cankar, and Oton Župančič, he is considered the founder of modernism in Slovene literature
Jan 19 Charles Sydney Gibbes a British academic who from 1908 to 1917 served as the English tutor to the children of Emperor Nicholas II of Russia. When Nicholas abdicated the throne in March 1917 Gibbes voluntarily accompanied the Imperial family into exile to the Siberian village of Tobolsk. After the family was murdered in 1918 Gibbes returned to the United Kingdom and eventually became an Orthodox monk, adopting the name of Nicholas in commemoration of Nicholas He died in 1963, and is buried at Headington cemetery, Oxford, Oxfordshire, England
Jan 19 Wakashima Gonshirō a sumo wrestler from Ichikawa, Chiba Prefecture, Japan. He was the sport's 21st yokozuna
Jan 20 Josef Hofmann a Polish-American virtuoso pianist, composer, music teacher, and inventor.
Jan 21 James Larkin a British and Irish trade union leader and socialist activist, born to Irish parents in Liverpool, England. He and his family later moved to a small cottage in Burren, southern County Down. Growing up in poverty, he received little formal education and began working in a variety of jobs while still a child. He became a full-time trade union organiser in 1905
Jan 22 Warren McLaughlin an American Major League Baseball pitcher with the Philadelphia Phillies and Pittsburgh Pirates from 1900–1903.
Jan 23 Rupert Mayer a German, Jesuit priest and a leading figure of the Catholic resistance to Nazism in Munich. In 1987 he was beatified by Pope John Paul II
Jan 23 Otto Diels a German chemist. His most notable work was done with Kurt Alder on the Diels–Alder reaction, a method for diene synthesis. The pair was awarded the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1950 for their work. Their method of synthesizing cyclic organic compounds proved valuable for the manufacture of synthetic rubber and plastic. He completed his education at the University of Berlin, where he later worked. Diels was employed at the University of Kiel when he completed his Nobel Prize–winning work, and remained there until he retired in 1945. Diels was married, with five children. He died in 1954
Jan 25 Herbert Eulenberg a German poet and author born in Cologne-Mülheim, Germany. He was married from 1904 to Hedda Eulenberg
Jan 26 Charles Sydney Smith born in Wigan, the ninth of eleven children born to Thomas Smith and Elizabeth née Sayer. He was a British water polo player who competed as goalkeeper for the England Water Polo team which won gold medals in the London games of 1908, and the Stockholm games of 1912. After the Great War he returned, at the age of 44, as part of the Great Britain team to win a third Gold Medal at the Antwerp games in 1920. He was still in the team four years later competing in the Paris games of 1924 where the team was knocked out in the first round by the Hungarian team after extra time
Jan 28 Edgar E. Witt a Texas lawyer and politician, serving as Lieutenant Governor for two terms in the 1930s. He also served twice as Chairman of the American-Mexican Claims Commission and Chief Commissioner of the Indian Claims Commission
Jan 29 Havergal Brian a British classical composer.
Feb 3 William Tedmarsh an English-American early silent film actor.
Feb 5 Ernie McLea a Canadian ice hockey player. McLea played in the 1890s for the Montreal Victorias and was a member of four Stanley Cup-winning teams. He scored the first hat trick in Stanley Cup play, and scored the Stanley Cup-winning goal in a challenge game in 1896
Feb 6 Henry Blogg a lifeboatman from Cromer on the north coast of Norfolk, England and the most decorated in RNLI history.
Feb 6 Eugène-Henri Gravelotte a French fencer. He was the first modern Olympic champion in foil, winning the event at the 1896 Summer Olympics in Athens
Feb 7 Romuald Jałbrzykowski a Polish Catholic priest. From 1925 to 1926 he was the bishop of Łomża; from 1926 to 1955, archbishop of Wilno and from 1945 to 1955, bishop of Białystok
Feb 8 Paula Modersohn-Becker a German painter and one of the most important representatives of early expressionism. In a brief career, cut short by an embolism at the age of 31, she created a number of groundbreaking images of great intensity. She is becoming recognized as the first female painter to paint female nudes. Using bold forays into subject matter and chromatic color choices, she and fellow-artists Picasso and Matisse introduced the world to modernism at the start of the twentieth century
Feb 9 Arthur Edward Moore an Australian politician. He was the Country and Progressive National Party Premier of Queensland, from 1929 to 1932. He was the only Queensland Premier not to come from the ranks of the Labor Party between 1915 and 1957. Although successful in achieving the unity of the conservative forces in Queensland for an extended period, Moore's abilities were tested by the onset of the Great Depression and like many other governments in Australia and elsewhere his was unable to endure the formidable challenges it posed
Feb 9 Martin Stixrud a Norwegian figure skater. He was the 1920 Summer Olympics bronze medalist, 1923 European silver medalist, and 1912 European bronze medalist
Feb 11 Léon Huybrechts a Belgian sailor and Olympic champion. He competed at the 1924 Summer Olympics in Paris, where he won a gold medal in the monotype class. He received silver medals in the 6m class in 1908 and 1920
Feb 11 Harold Gilman a painter of interiors, portraits and landscapes, and a founder-member of the Camden Town Group.
Feb 12 13th Dalai Lama the 13th Dalai Lama of Tibet.
Feb 13 Fritz Buelow a catcher in Major League Baseball. Born in Berlin, Germany, Buelow was the first player born in Berlin to play in the major leagues
Feb 15 Ernest Henry Wilson "Chinese" Wilson , better known as H. Wilson, was a notable English plant collector who introduced a large range of about 2000 of Asian plant species to the West; some sixty bear his name
Feb 16 Mack Swain an American actor and vaudevillian, prolific throughout the 1910s, 1920s and 1930s.
Feb 16 G. M. Trevelyan a British historian. Trevelyan was the third son of Sir George Otto Trevelyan, 2nd Baronet, and great-nephew of Thomas Babington Macaulay, whose staunch liberal Whig principles he espoused in accessible works of literate narrative avoiding a consciously dispassionate analysis, that became old-fashioned during his long and productive career. The noted historian H. Carr considered Trevelyan to be one of the last historians of the Whig tradition
Feb 17 Aretas Akers-Douglas 2nd Viscount Chilston a British diplomat. He was Ambassador to the Soviet Union between 1933 and 1938