1877 in history

1877 events chronologically

Jan 1 Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom is proclaimed Empress of India
Jan 8 Crazy Horse and his warriors fight their last battle against the United States Cavalry at Wolf Mountain, Montana Territory
Jan 20 Last day of the Constantinople Conference which resulted in agreement for political reforms in the Balkans
Jan 22 Arthur Tooth, an Anglican clergyman is taken into custody after being prosecuted for using ritualist practices
Feb 20 Tchaikovsky's ballet Swan Lake receives its première performance at the Bolshoi Theatre in Moscow
Mar 2 U.S. presidential election, 1876: Just two days before inauguration, the U.S. Congress declares Rutherford B. Hayes the winner of the election even though Samuel J. Tilden had won the popular vote on November 7, 1876
Mar 15 First ever official cricket test match is played: Australia vs England at the MCG Stadium, in Melbourne, Australia

Top 7 most famous people born in 1877

Feb 7 G. H. Hardy an English mathematician, known for his achievements in number theory and mathematical analysis.
May 27 Isadora Duncan an American dancer. Born in California, she lived in Western Europe and the Soviet Union from the age of 22 until her death at age 50. She performed to acclaim throughout Europe after being exiled from the United States for her pro-Soviet sympathies
Jul 2 Hermann Hesse a German born, Swiss poet, novelist, and painter. His best-known works include Steppenwolf, Siddhartha, and The Glass Bead Game, each of which explores an individual's search for authenticity, self-knowledge and spirituality. In 1946, he received the Nobel Prize in Literature
Sep 2 Frederick Soddy due to the transmutation of elements, now known to involve nuclear reactions. He also proved the existence of isotopes of certain radioactive elements
Sep 11 Felix Dzerzhinsky a Soviet statesman and a prominent member of Polish and Russian revolutionary movements. His party pseudonyms were Yatsek, Yakub, Pereplyotchik, Franek, Astronom, Yuzef, and Domanski
Nov 9 Muhammad Iqbal widely regarded as having inspired the Pakistan Movement. He is considered one of the most important figures in Urdu literature, with literary work in both the Urdu and Persian languages
Nov 24 Alben W. Barkley a lawyer and politician from Kentucky who served in both houses of Congress and as the 35th Vice President of the United States from 1949 to 1953. In 1905, he was elected county attorney for McCracken County, Kentucky. He was chosen county judge in 1909 and U.S. Representative from Kentucky's First District in 1912. As a Representative, he was a liberal Democrat, supporting President Woodrow Wilson's New Freedom domestic agenda and foreign policy

Top 7 most famous people died in 1877

Mar 14 Juan Manuel de Rosas a politician, army officer and caudillo who ruled Buenos Aires Province and briefly the Argentine Confederation. Although born into a wealthy family, Rosas worked hard and independently amassed a personal fortune, acquiring huge grants of lands in the process. As was common in his era, Rosas formed a private militia, enlisting his workers, and took part in the factious disputes that had led to endless civil wars in his country. Victorious in warfare, and having acquired influence, vast landholdings and a private army loyal exclusively to himself, Rosas became the quintessential caudillo, as provincial warlords in the region were known. He eventually reached the rank of brigadier general, the highest in the Argentine army, and became the indisputable leader of the Federalist Party
Aug 29 Brigham Young an American leader in the Latter Day Saint movement and a settler of the Western United States. He was the President of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints from 1847 until his death in 1877. He founded Salt Lake City and he served as the first governor of the Utah Territory. Young also led the foundings of the precursors to the University of Utah and Brigham Young University
Sep 3 Adolphe Thiers a French politician and historian. He was a leading historian of the French Revolution, with a multivolume history that argued that the republicanism of the Revolution was the central theme of modern French history
Sep 5 Crazy Horse a Native American war leader of the Oglala Lakota. He took up arms against the U.S. Federal government to fight against encroachments on the territories and way of life of the Lakota people, including leading a war party to victory at the Battle of the Little Bighorn in June 1876
Sep 23 Urbain Le Verrier best known for his part in the discovery of Neptune.
Oct 29 Nathan Bedford Forrest a lieutenant general in the Confederate Army during the American Civil War. He is remembered both as a self-educated, innovative cavalry leader during the war and as a leading southern advocate in the postwar years. He was a pledged delegate from Tennessee to the New York Democratic national convention of 4 July 1868. He served as the first Grand Wizard of the Ku Klux Klan, but later distanced himself from the organization
Dec 31 Gustave Courbet a French painter who led the Realist movement in 19th-century French painting. Committed to painting only what he could see, he rejected academic convention and the Romanticism of the previous generation of visual artists. His independence set an example that was important to later artists, such as the Impressionists and the Cubists. Courbet occupies an important place in 19th-century French painting as an innovator and as an artist willing to make bold social statements through his work